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SubjectShould unprivileged linkat(..., AT_EMPTY_PATH) work on O_TMPFILE files?
The change:

commit f4e0c30c191f87851c4a53454abb55ee276f4a7e
Author: Al Viro <>
Date: Tue Jun 11 08:34:36 2013 +0400

allow the temp files created by open() to be linked to

O_TMPFILE | O_CREAT => linkat() with AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW and /proc/self/fd/<n>
as oldpath (i.e. flink()) will create a link
O_TMPFILE | O_CREAT | O_EXCL => ENOENT on attempt to link those guys

Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>

makes it possible to hardlink an O_TMPFILE file using procfs. Should
linkat(fd, "", newdirfd, newpath, AT_EMPTY_PATH) also work?

AFAICS it currently requires CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH, but I'm a bit
confused as to why linkat(..., AT_EMPTY_PATH) should have a stricter
check than linkat(AT_FDCWD, "/proc/self/fd/n", ...,
AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW), (The relevant change is

FWIW, this program works on Linux 3.9, which makes me doubt that the
security restriction on linkat is doing any good:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv)
char buf[128];

if (argc != 3)
errx(1, "Usage: flink FD PATH");

sprintf(buf, "/proc/self/fd/%d", atoi(argv[1]));
if (linkat(AT_FDCWD, buf, AT_FDCWD, argv[2], AT_SYMLINK_FOLLOW) != 0)
err(1, "linkat");
return 0;

Removing the check from the AT_EMPTY_PATH case would simplify code
that wants to write a file, fsync it, and then flink it in.


P.S. For even more fun, I'd *love* a linkat flag that would allow the
destination to be overwritten, but that's a different can of worms.

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