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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC V9 16/19] kvm : Paravirtual ticketlocks support for linux guests running on KVM hypervisor
On Sun, Jun 02, 2013 at 12:55:57AM +0530, Raghavendra K T wrote:
> kvm : Paravirtual ticketlocks support for linux guests running on KVM hypervisor
>
> From: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>
> During smp_boot_cpus paravirtualied KVM guest detects if the hypervisor has
> required feature (KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT) to support pv-ticketlocks. If so,
> support for pv-ticketlocks is registered via pv_lock_ops.
>
> Use KVM_HC_KICK_CPU hypercall to wakeup waiting/halted vcpu.
>
> Signed-off-by: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Suzuki Poulose <suzuki@in.ibm.com>
> [Raghu: check_zero race fix, enum for kvm_contention_stat
> jumplabel related changes ]
> Signed-off-by: Raghavendra K T <raghavendra.kt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h | 14 ++
> arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c | 256 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 268 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
> index 695399f..427afcb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h
> @@ -118,10 +118,20 @@ void kvm_async_pf_task_wait(u32 token);
> void kvm_async_pf_task_wake(u32 token);
> u32 kvm_read_and_reset_pf_reason(void);
> extern void kvm_disable_steal_time(void);
> -#else
> -#define kvm_guest_init() do { } while (0)
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
> +void __init kvm_spinlock_init(void);
> +#else /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
> +static inline void kvm_spinlock_init(void)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
> +
> +#else /* CONFIG_KVM_GUEST */
> +#define kvm_guest_init() do {} while (0)
> #define kvm_async_pf_task_wait(T) do {} while(0)
> #define kvm_async_pf_task_wake(T) do {} while(0)
> +
> static inline u32 kvm_read_and_reset_pf_reason(void)
> {
> return 0;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> index cd6d9a5..2715b92 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
> @@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/kprobes.h>
> +#include <linux/debugfs.h>
> #include <asm/timer.h>
> #include <asm/cpu.h>
> #include <asm/traps.h>
> @@ -419,6 +420,7 @@ static void __init kvm_smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void)
> WARN_ON(kvm_register_clock("primary cpu clock"));
> kvm_guest_cpu_init();
> native_smp_prepare_boot_cpu();
> + kvm_spinlock_init();
> }
>
> static void __cpuinit kvm_guest_cpu_online(void *dummy)
> @@ -523,3 +525,257 @@ static __init int activate_jump_labels(void)
> return 0;
> }
> arch_initcall(activate_jump_labels);
> +
> +/* Kick a cpu by its apicid. Used to wake up a halted vcpu */
> +void kvm_kick_cpu(int cpu)
> +{
> + int apicid;
> +
> + apicid = per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu);
> + kvm_hypercall1(KVM_HC_KICK_CPU, apicid);
> +}
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
> +
> +enum kvm_contention_stat {
> + TAKEN_SLOW,
> + TAKEN_SLOW_PICKUP,
> + RELEASED_SLOW,
> + RELEASED_SLOW_KICKED,
> + NR_CONTENTION_STATS
> +};
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS
> +#define HISTO_BUCKETS 30
> +
> +static struct kvm_spinlock_stats
> +{
> + u32 contention_stats[NR_CONTENTION_STATS];
> + u32 histo_spin_blocked[HISTO_BUCKETS+1];
> + u64 time_blocked;
> +} spinlock_stats;
> +
> +static u8 zero_stats;
> +
> +static inline void check_zero(void)
> +{
> + u8 ret;
> + u8 old;
> +
> + old = ACCESS_ONCE(zero_stats);
> + if (unlikely(old)) {
> + ret = cmpxchg(&zero_stats, old, 0);
> + /* This ensures only one fellow resets the stat */
> + if (ret == old)
> + memset(&spinlock_stats, 0, sizeof(spinlock_stats));
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static inline void add_stats(enum kvm_contention_stat var, u32 val)
> +{
> + check_zero();
> + spinlock_stats.contention_stats[var] += val;
> +}
> +
> +
> +static inline u64 spin_time_start(void)
> +{
> + return sched_clock();
> +}
> +
> +static void __spin_time_accum(u64 delta, u32 *array)
> +{
> + unsigned index;
> +
> + index = ilog2(delta);
> + check_zero();
> +
> + if (index < HISTO_BUCKETS)
> + array[index]++;
> + else
> + array[HISTO_BUCKETS]++;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void spin_time_accum_blocked(u64 start)
> +{
> + u32 delta;
> +
> + delta = sched_clock() - start;
> + __spin_time_accum(delta, spinlock_stats.histo_spin_blocked);
> + spinlock_stats.time_blocked += delta;
> +}
> +
> +static struct dentry *d_spin_debug;
> +static struct dentry *d_kvm_debug;
> +
> +struct dentry *kvm_init_debugfs(void)
> +{
> + d_kvm_debug = debugfs_create_dir("kvm", NULL);
> + if (!d_kvm_debug)
> + printk(KERN_WARNING "Could not create 'kvm' debugfs directory\n");
> +
> + return d_kvm_debug;
> +}
> +
> +static int __init kvm_spinlock_debugfs(void)
> +{
> + struct dentry *d_kvm;
> +
> + d_kvm = kvm_init_debugfs();
> + if (d_kvm == NULL)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + d_spin_debug = debugfs_create_dir("spinlocks", d_kvm);
> +
> + debugfs_create_u8("zero_stats", 0644, d_spin_debug, &zero_stats);
> +
> + debugfs_create_u32("taken_slow", 0444, d_spin_debug,
> + &spinlock_stats.contention_stats[TAKEN_SLOW]);
> + debugfs_create_u32("taken_slow_pickup", 0444, d_spin_debug,
> + &spinlock_stats.contention_stats[TAKEN_SLOW_PICKUP]);
> +
> + debugfs_create_u32("released_slow", 0444, d_spin_debug,
> + &spinlock_stats.contention_stats[RELEASED_SLOW]);
> + debugfs_create_u32("released_slow_kicked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
> + &spinlock_stats.contention_stats[RELEASED_SLOW_KICKED]);
> +
> + debugfs_create_u64("time_blocked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
> + &spinlock_stats.time_blocked);
> +
> + debugfs_create_u32_array("histo_blocked", 0444, d_spin_debug,
> + spinlock_stats.histo_spin_blocked, HISTO_BUCKETS + 1);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +fs_initcall(kvm_spinlock_debugfs);
> +#else /* !CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS */
> +#define TIMEOUT (1 << 10)

What do you use that for?


> +static inline void add_stats(enum kvm_contention_stat var, u32 val)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline u64 spin_time_start(void)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void spin_time_accum_blocked(u64 start)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_KVM_DEBUG_FS */
> +
> +struct kvm_lock_waiting {
> + struct arch_spinlock *lock;
> + __ticket_t want;
> +};
> +
> +/* cpus 'waiting' on a spinlock to become available */
> +static cpumask_t waiting_cpus;
> +
> +/* Track spinlock on which a cpu is waiting */
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kvm_lock_waiting, lock_waiting);
> +
> +static void kvm_lock_spinning(struct arch_spinlock *lock, __ticket_t want)
> +{
> + struct kvm_lock_waiting *w;
> + int cpu;
> + u64 start;
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + w = &__get_cpu_var(lock_waiting);
> + cpu = smp_processor_id();
> + start = spin_time_start();
> +
> + /*
> + * Make sure an interrupt handler can't upset things in a
> + * partially setup state.
> + */
> + local_irq_save(flags);
> +
> + /*
> + * The ordering protocol on this is that the "lock" pointer
> + * may only be set non-NULL if the "want" ticket is correct.
> + * If we're updating "want", we must first clear "lock".
> + */
> + w->lock = NULL;
> + smp_wmb();
> + w->want = want;
> + smp_wmb();
> + w->lock = lock;
> +
> + add_stats(TAKEN_SLOW, 1);
> +
> + /*
> + * This uses set_bit, which is atomic but we should not rely on its
> + * reordering gurantees. So barrier is needed after this call.
> + */
> + cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus);
> +
> + barrier();
> +
> + /*
> + * Mark entry to slowpath before doing the pickup test to make
> + * sure we don't deadlock with an unlocker.
> + */
> + __ticket_enter_slowpath(lock);
> +
> + /*
> + * check again make sure it didn't become free while
> + * we weren't looking.
> + */
> + if (ACCESS_ONCE(lock->tickets.head) == want) {
> + add_stats(TAKEN_SLOW_PICKUP, 1);
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + /* Allow interrupts while blocked */
> + local_irq_restore(flags);
> +
> + /* halt until it's our turn and kicked. */
> + halt();
> +
> + local_irq_save(flags);
> +out:
> + cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus);
> + w->lock = NULL;
> + local_irq_restore(flags);
> + spin_time_accum_blocked(start);
> +}
> +PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(kvm_lock_spinning);
> +
> +/* Kick vcpu waiting on @lock->head to reach value @ticket */
> +static void kvm_unlock_kick(struct arch_spinlock *lock, __ticket_t ticket)
> +{
> + int cpu;
> +
> + add_stats(RELEASED_SLOW, 1);
> + for_each_cpu(cpu, &waiting_cpus) {
> + const struct kvm_lock_waiting *w = &per_cpu(lock_waiting, cpu);
> + if (ACCESS_ONCE(w->lock) == lock &&
> + ACCESS_ONCE(w->want) == ticket) {
> + add_stats(RELEASED_SLOW_KICKED, 1);
> + kvm_kick_cpu(cpu);
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Setup pv_lock_ops to exploit KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT if present.
> + */
> +void __init kvm_spinlock_init(void)
> +{
> + if (!kvm_para_available())
> + return;
> + /* Does host kernel support KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT? */
> + if (!kvm_para_has_feature(KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT))
> + return;
> +
> + printk(KERN_INFO"KVM setup paravirtual spinlock\n");

That spacing is odd.

> +
> + static_key_slow_inc(&paravirt_ticketlocks_enabled);
> +
> + pv_lock_ops.lock_spinning = PV_CALLEE_SAVE(kvm_lock_spinning);
> + pv_lock_ops.unlock_kick = kvm_unlock_kick;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */
>


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