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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 04/12] xen-blkfront: pre-allocate pages for requests
On 04/03/13 20:39, Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 28, 2013 at 11:28:47AM +0100, Roger Pau Monne wrote:
>> This prevents us from having to call alloc_page while we are preparing
>> the request. Since blkfront was calling alloc_page with a spinlock
>> held we used GFP_ATOMIC, which can fail if we are requesting a lot of
>> pages since it is using the emergency memory pools.
>>
>> Allocating all the pages at init prevents us from having to call
>> alloc_page, thus preventing possible failures.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@citrix.com>
>> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
>> Cc: xen-devel@lists.xen.org
>> ---
>> drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c | 120 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
>> 1 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c b/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
>> index 2e39eaf..5ba6b87 100644
>> --- a/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
>> +++ b/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
>> @@ -165,6 +165,69 @@ static int add_id_to_freelist(struct blkfront_info *info,
>> return 0;
>> }
>>
>> +static int fill_grant_buffer(struct blkfront_info *info, int num)
>> +{
>> + struct page *granted_page;
>> + struct grant *gnt_list_entry, *n;
>> + int i = 0;
>> +
>> + while(i < num) {
>> + gnt_list_entry = kzalloc(sizeof(struct grant), GFP_NOIO);
>
> GFP_NORMAL ?

drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c:175: error: ‘GFP_NORMAL’ undeclared (first
use in this function)

Did you mean GFP_KERNEL? I think GFP_NOIO is more suitable, it can block
but no IO will be performed.

>
>> + if (!gnt_list_entry)
>> + goto out_of_memory;
>
> Hmm, I guess another patch could be to convert this to a fail-safe
> mechanism. Meaning if we fail here, we just cap our maximum amount of
> grants we have up to 'i'.
>
>
>> +
>> + granted_page = alloc_page(GFP_NOIO);
>
> GFP_NORMAL
>
>> + if (!granted_page) {
>> + kfree(gnt_list_entry);
>> + goto out_of_memory;
>> + }
>> +
>> + gnt_list_entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(granted_page);
>> + gnt_list_entry->gref = GRANT_INVALID_REF;
>> + list_add(&gnt_list_entry->node, &info->persistent_gnts);
>> + i++;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> +out_of_memory:
>> + list_for_each_entry_safe(gnt_list_entry, n,
>> + &info->persistent_gnts, node) {
>> + list_del(&gnt_list_entry->node);
>> + __free_page(pfn_to_page(gnt_list_entry->pfn));
>> + kfree(gnt_list_entry);
>> + i--;
>> + }
>> + BUG_ON(i != 0);
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static struct grant *get_grant(grant_ref_t *gref_head,
>> + struct blkfront_info *info)
>> +{
>> + struct grant *gnt_list_entry;
>> + unsigned long buffer_mfn;
>> +
>> + BUG_ON(list_empty(&info->persistent_gnts));
>> + gnt_list_entry = list_first_entry(&info->persistent_gnts, struct grant,
>> + node);
>> + list_del(&gnt_list_entry->node);
>> +
>> + if (gnt_list_entry->gref != GRANT_INVALID_REF) {
>> + info->persistent_gnts_c--;
>> + return gnt_list_entry;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* Assign a gref to this page */
>> + gnt_list_entry->gref = gnttab_claim_grant_reference(gref_head);
>> + BUG_ON(gnt_list_entry->gref == -ENOSPC);
>> + buffer_mfn = pfn_to_mfn(gnt_list_entry->pfn);
>> + gnttab_grant_foreign_access_ref(gnt_list_entry->gref,
>> + info->xbdev->otherend_id,
>> + buffer_mfn, 0);
>> + return gnt_list_entry;
>> +}
>> +
>> static const char *op_name(int op)
>> {
>> static const char *const names[] = {
>> @@ -306,7 +369,6 @@ static int blkif_queue_request(struct request *req)
>> */
>> bool new_persistent_gnts;
>> grant_ref_t gref_head;
>> - struct page *granted_page;
>> struct grant *gnt_list_entry = NULL;
>> struct scatterlist *sg;
>>
>> @@ -370,42 +432,9 @@ static int blkif_queue_request(struct request *req)
>> fsect = sg->offset >> 9;
>> lsect = fsect + (sg->length >> 9) - 1;
>>
>> - if (info->persistent_gnts_c) {
>> - BUG_ON(list_empty(&info->persistent_gnts));
>> - gnt_list_entry = list_first_entry(
>> - &info->persistent_gnts,
>> - struct grant, node);
>> - list_del(&gnt_list_entry->node);
>> -
>> - ref = gnt_list_entry->gref;
>> - buffer_mfn = pfn_to_mfn(gnt_list_entry->pfn);
>> - info->persistent_gnts_c--;
>> - } else {
>> - ref = gnttab_claim_grant_reference(&gref_head);
>> - BUG_ON(ref == -ENOSPC);
>> -
>> - gnt_list_entry =
>> - kmalloc(sizeof(struct grant),
>> - GFP_ATOMIC);
>> - if (!gnt_list_entry)
>> - return -ENOMEM;
>> -
>> - granted_page = alloc_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
>> - if (!granted_page) {
>> - kfree(gnt_list_entry);
>> - return -ENOMEM;
>> - }
>> -
>> - gnt_list_entry->pfn =
>> - page_to_pfn(granted_page);
>> - gnt_list_entry->gref = ref;
>> -
>> - buffer_mfn = pfn_to_mfn(page_to_pfn(
>> - granted_page));
>> - gnttab_grant_foreign_access_ref(ref,
>> - info->xbdev->otherend_id,
>> - buffer_mfn, 0);
>> - }
>> + gnt_list_entry = get_grant(&gref_head, info);
>> + ref = gnt_list_entry->gref;
>> + buffer_mfn = pfn_to_mfn(gnt_list_entry->pfn);
>>
>> info->shadow[id].grants_used[i] = gnt_list_entry;
>>
>> @@ -803,17 +832,20 @@ static void blkif_free(struct blkfront_info *info, int suspend)
>> blk_stop_queue(info->rq);
>>
>> /* Remove all persistent grants */
>> - if (info->persistent_gnts_c) {
>> + if (!list_empty(&info->persistent_gnts)) {
>> list_for_each_entry_safe(persistent_gnt, n,
>> &info->persistent_gnts, node) {
>> list_del(&persistent_gnt->node);
>> - gnttab_end_foreign_access(persistent_gnt->gref, 0, 0UL);
>> + if (persistent_gnt->gref != GRANT_INVALID_REF) {
>> + gnttab_end_foreign_access(persistent_gnt->gref,
>> + 0, 0UL);
>> + info->persistent_gnts_c--;
>> + }
>> __free_page(pfn_to_page(persistent_gnt->pfn));
>> kfree(persistent_gnt);
>> - info->persistent_gnts_c--;
>> }
>> - BUG_ON(info->persistent_gnts_c != 0);
>> }
>> + BUG_ON(info->persistent_gnts_c != 0);
>
> So if the guest _never_ sent any I/Os and just attached/detached the device - won't
> we fail here?.

persistent_gnts_c is initialized to 0, so if we don't perform IO it
should still be 0 at this point. Since we have just cleaned the
persistent grants lists this should always be 0 at this point.

>>
>> /* No more gnttab callback work. */
>> gnttab_cancel_free_callback(&info->callback);
>> @@ -1088,6 +1120,12 @@ again:
>> goto destroy_blkring;
>> }
>>
>> + /* Allocate memory for grants */
>> + err = fill_grant_buffer(info, BLK_RING_SIZE *
>> + BLKIF_MAX_SEGMENTS_PER_REQUEST);
>> + if (err)
>> + goto out;
>
> That looks to be in the wrong function - talk_to_blkback function is
> to talk to the blkback. Not do initialization type operations.

Yes, I know it's not the best place to place it. It's here mainly
because that's the only function that gets called by both driver
initialization and resume.

Last patch moves this to a more sensible place.

>
> Also I think this means that on resume - we would try to allocate
> again the grants?

Yes, grants are cleaned on resume and reallocated.

>> +
>> xenbus_switch_state(dev, XenbusStateInitialised);
>>
>> return 0;
>> --
>> 1.7.7.5 (Apple Git-26)
>>

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