lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2013]   [Mar]   [5]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH] USB: storage: fix Huawei mode switching regression
Date
"Fangxiaozhi (Franko)" <fangxiaozhi@huawei.com> writes:

> ------ commit 200e0d99 and commit cd060956, only put the switch
> command into kernel, instead of userspace usb_modeswitch utility.

Yes. And that is the problem. It was agreed years ago that this
functionality belongs in userspace. Ref e.g
https://lkml.org/lkml/2009/12/15/332
https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/4/19/216
https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/2/28/569

Please note the re-occurrence of this discussion, despite the fact that
Matthew's message from 2009 should be quite clear.

> ------ Because in the embedded linux system, Android, or Chrome OS,
> etc. They don't integrate userspace usb_modeswitch utility for
> switching.

Why not? If they can upgrade the kernel, then they most certainly can
install a userspace utility.

There is no excuse for an embedded system to do this differently.
Please see e.g. OpenWRT as an example of an embedded system doing this
correctly.

> ----- In commit 200e0d99, we send the Linux switching command to
> Huawei devices, so on PC Linux, you can get the largest capacity of
> Huawei device, including the CDROM feature. So I think this solution
> can meet the user's requirement in Linux.

No, it does not. Some users have already configured their system to
disable switching or to switch using a different message. The patch
does not address this at all.


>> Known regressions caused by this:
>> - Some of the devices support multiple modes, using different
>> switching commands. There are existing configurations taking
>> advantage of this.
>
> -------But in this multiple modes, there is only one is for Linux. We
> don't advice the user to use the other mode not for Linux. It may
> cause some unexpected problem.


Although I do not agree with this, I do not argue that the Linux
defaults should change. The point is that this was configurable prior
to the patch and it is not after. This is a regression for any user who
has deliberately chosen to use the Windows mode.

Wrt the Linux vs Windows modes: We all appreciate the work from Huawei
trying to support Linux in the best possible way. But implementing
special firmware modes for Linux is not necessarily best for Linux. We
do have some experience with system BIOSes implementing special hooks
for Linux, and they usually add more problems than they solve. It is
very easy for Linux to resemble whatever Windows does when talking to
hardware, and that is the method that has proven to work best.

Ref for example this comment in drivers/acpi/acpica/utosi.c :

/*
* Strings supported by the _OSI predefined control method (which is
* implemented internally within this module.)
*
* March 2009: Removed "Linux" as this host no longer wants to respond true
* for this string. Basically, the only safe OS strings are windows-related
* and in many or most cases represent the only test path within the
* BIOS-provided ASL code.
*
* The last element of each entry is used to track the newest version of
* Windows that the BIOS has requested.
*/


>>
>> - There is a real use case for disabling mode switching and
>> instead mounting the exposed storage device. This becomes
>> impossible with switching logic inside the usb-storage driver.
>
> ----In commit 200e0d99, the switching command will ask Huawei device
> to offer the CDROM(and /or SD) port together. After switching, users
> also can get the mounting storage device.

Yes, I understand that the firmware does this by default. But you also
have (unsupported and undocumented) ways of disabling this. Some users
do that. Some users may also want to mount the device before switching
for other reasons.

The fact that your firmware lets the user mount the CD after switch does
not completely prevent some users from wanting to mount it before
switching.


>>
>> - At least on device fail as a result of the usb-storage switching
>> command, becoming completely unswitchable. This is possibly a
>> firmware bug, but still a regression because the device work as
>> expected using usb_modeswitch defaults.
>
> ----- If the kernel solution encounters this issue, then it also will
> occur with usb_modeswitch.

Well, it does not. Blacklisting usb-storage works around the issue.

The command sent by usb-storage makes the firmware reset once, but it
appears with the exact same identity as before. This makes usb-storage
repeat the switch command, which now has no effect. Then usb_modeswitch
tries, but is refused.

switches from:

Mar 5 10:23:20 nemi kernel: [46342.029477] USB Mass Storage support registered.
Mar 5 10:23:57 nemi kernel: [46378.704337] usb 7-1: new high-speed USB device number 34 using ehci-pci
Mar 5 10:23:57 nemi kernel: [46378.842526] usb 7-1: New USB device found, idVendor=12d1, idProduct=1446
Mar 5 10:23:57 nemi kernel: [46378.842542] usb 7-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=4, Product=3, SerialNumber=5
Mar 5 10:23:57 nemi kernel: [46378.842552] usb 7-1: Product: HUAWEI MBIM Device
Mar 5 10:23:57 nemi kernel: [46378.842560] usb 7-1: Manufacturer: Huawei Technologies
Mar 5 10:23:57 nemi kernel: [46378.842569] usb 7-1: SerialNumber: ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ

to:

Mar 5 10:24:01 nemi kernel: [46382.924327] usb 7-1: new high-speed USB device number 35 using ehci-pci
Mar 5 10:24:01 nemi kernel: [46383.063590] usb 7-1: New USB device found, idVendor=12d1, idProduct=1446
Mar 5 10:24:01 nemi kernel: [46383.063606] usb 7-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=4, Product=3, SerialNumber=5
Mar 5 10:24:01 nemi kernel: [46383.063615] usb 7-1: Product: HUAWEI MBIM Device
Mar 5 10:24:01 nemi kernel: [46383.063624] usb 7-1: Manufacturer: Huawei Technologies
Mar 5 10:24:01 nemi kernel: [46383.063633] usb 7-1: SerialNumber: ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ


The 3 commands sent (not the difference in the last one from usb_modeswitch):

ffff8802306ef900 2477597193 S Bo:7:034:1 -115 31 = 55534243 00000000 00000000 00001011 06200000 01010001 00000000 000000
ffff8802306ef900 2477597881 C Bo:7:034:1 0 31 >

ffff8802306ef900 2481816603 S Bo:7:035:1 -115 31 = 55534243 00000000 00000000 00001011 06200000 01010001 00000000 000000
ffff8802306ef900 2481816802 C Bo:7:035:1 0 31 >

ffff8802306ef900 2482455758 S Bo:7:035:1 -115 31 = 55534243 12345678 00000000 00000011 06200000 01000000 00000000 000000
ffff8802306ef900 2485457009 C Bo:7:035:1 -2 0



Changing the command embedded in drivers/usb/storage/initializers.c to
resemble the default from usb_modeswitch makes the in-kernel switching
work for this device. But we do not know the effect on other devices.
And this kind of workarounds is not something you can easily make any
user do in the kernel, while it is a simple configuration file or
command line option in usb_modeswitch.

this diff on top of v3.8.2:

bjorn@nemi:/usr/local/src/git/linux$ git diff
diff --git a/drivers/usb/storage/initializers.c b/drivers/usb/storage/initializers.c
index 7ab9046..6869415 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/storage/initializers.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/storage/initializers.c
@@ -116,8 +116,8 @@ static int usb_stor_huawei_scsi_init(struct us_data *us)
int result = 0;
int act_len = 0;
struct bulk_cb_wrap *bcbw = (struct bulk_cb_wrap *) us->iobuf;
- char rewind_cmd[] = {0x11, 0x06, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x00,
- 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};
+ char rewind_cmd[] = {0x11, 0x06, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,
+ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};

bcbw->Signature = cpu_to_le32(US_BULK_CB_SIGN);
bcbw->Tag = 0;

results in:

ffff880221402440 3307649125 S Bo:7:040:1 -115 31 = 55534243 00000000 00000000 00001011 06200000 01000000 00000000 000000
ffff880221402440 3307649322 C Bo:7:040:1 0 31 >
which switches from:

Mar 5 10:37:47 nemi kernel: [47208.756338] usb 7-1: new high-speed USB device number 40 using ehci-pci
Mar 5 10:37:47 nemi kernel: [47208.893231] usb 7-1: New USB device found, idVendor=12d1, idProduct=1446
Mar 5 10:37:47 nemi kernel: [47208.893245] usb 7-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=4, Product=3, SerialNumber=5
Mar 5 10:37:47 nemi kernel: [47208.893254] usb 7-1: Product: HUAWEI MBIM Device
Mar 5 10:37:47 nemi kernel: [47208.893263] usb 7-1: Manufacturer: Huawei Technologies
Mar 5 10:37:47 nemi kernel: [47208.893272] usb 7-1: SerialNumber: ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ

to:

Mar 5 10:37:51 nemi kernel: [47212.880322] usb 7-1: new high-speed USB device number 41 using ehci-pci
Mar 5 10:37:51 nemi kernel: [47213.016734] usb 7-1: New USB device found, idVendor=12d1, idProduct=1506
Mar 5 10:37:51 nemi kernel: [47213.016748] usb 7-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=4, Product=3, SerialNumber=5
Mar 5 10:37:51 nemi kernel: [47213.016757] usb 7-1: Product: HUAWEI MBIM Device
Mar 5 10:37:51 nemi kernel: [47213.016766] usb 7-1: Manufacturer: Huawei Technologies
Mar 5 10:37:51 nemi kernel: [47213.016774] usb 7-1: SerialNumber: ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
Mar 5 10:37:51 nemi kernel: [47213.016816] device: '7-1': device_add


As I said, I am fully aware that this might be a firmware issue. The
firmware of this device is probably not meant for production, and there
is a possibility that it is unavailable to the general public.

But the point is still that such issues may occur, and that working
around them in userspace is a simple configuration matter. That's one
important reason to keep this in userspace.

> ------ In our opinions, it is better to switch Huawei device in
> kernel.
> ------ usb_modeswitch is a tool for Linux.
> ------ We can not guarantee it will be integrated in all the system
> which integrates linux kernel. But linux kernel itself can.

The device also needs a userspace application to configure, connect and
monitor it. Should we put that into the kernel as well? Nope.

These devices will not work without userspace support. Fix the distros
instead if they lack proper userspace mode switching support.


Bjørn
--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2013-03-05 11:21    [W:0.131 / U:0.048 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site