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SubjectRe: False-positive RCU stall warnings on large systems...
On 02/26/2013 12:32 AM, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Wed, Feb 20, 2013 at 11:35:57AM +0800, Daniel J Blueman wrote:
>> On 20/02/2013 02:16, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
>>> On Wed, Feb 20, 2013 at 12:34:12AM +0800, Daniel J Blueman wrote:
>>>> Hi Paul,
>>>> On some of our larger servers with many hundreds of cores and when
>>>> under high duress, we can see scheduler RCU stall warnings [1], so
>>>> find we have to increase the hardcoded RCU_STALL_RAT_DELAY up from 2
>>>> and RCU_JIFFIES_TILL_FORCE_QS up from 3.
> Disabling RCU_FAST_NO_HZ will likely remove the need to adjust
> RCU_JIFFIES_TILL_FORCE_QS. Changes in my -rcu tree will likely remove the
> need to adjust these two in 3.10 or 3.11, depending on how testing goes.
>>>> Is there a more sustainable way to account for this to avoid it
>>>> being hard-coded, such as making it and dependent timeouts a
> Maybe... But what this means is that your system is so heavily loaded
> that the CPU in question is failing to make it to RCU's softirq handler
> in two jiffies worth of time. This is a function of workload rather
> than of the number of CPUs.
>>>> On the other hand, perhaps this is just caused by clock jitter (eg
>>>> due to distance from a contended clock source)? So increasing these
>>>> a bit may just be adequate in general...
>>> Hmmm... What version of the kernel are you running?
>> The example below occurs with v3.8, but we see the same with
>> previous kernels eg v3.5.
> There is always the rcutree.rcu_cpu_stall_timeout parameter that sets
> the stall timeout in seconds. This may be specified at boot time or
> via sysfs at runtime. The default is now 21 seconds.
>> Of course, when using the local TSC, you'd see no jitter relative to
>> coherent transactions (eg memory writes), but when the HPET is used
>> across a large system, coherent transactions to distant cores are
>> just so much faster, as there's massive congestion to the shared
>> HPET behind various HT and PCIe bridges. This could be where the
>> jitter arises from, if I'm guessing jitter is the problem here.
> Agreed, timing jitter could cause problems. That said, the code uses
> the jiffies counter to compute these timings. Are you seeing similar
> memory contention on the jiffies counter itself?

The contention we see in general are when cores contend for a spinlock
and when there are lots of concurrent HPET reads (Opterons allow only 4
outstanding reads to the IO hub).

It's probably possible to reproduce rcu_sched stalls on a quad-socket
box with 64 cores and the right workload with the TSC disabled.

In 3.9-rc1 with RCU_FAST_NO_HZ disabled, we've seen stalls of 4 jiffies
[2], but without the "Stall ended" message. This is with a workload
which allocates ~256GB of memory over 192 cores.


>>>> --- [1]
>>>> [ 3939.010085] INFO: rcu_sched detected stalls on CPUs/tasks: {}
>>>> (detected by 1, t=29662 jiffies, g=3053, c=3052, q=598)
>>>> [ 3939.020008] INFO: Stall ended before state dump start

--- [2]

[10660.110620] INFO: rcu_sched self-detected stall on CPU { 39} (t=4
jiffies g=1169 c=1168 q=8)
[10660.110620] Pid: 11747, comm: sp.B Not tainted 3.9.0-rc1-advanced #6
[10660.110620] Call Trace:
[10660.110620] <IRQ> [<ffffffff810b2a42>] ?
[10660.110620] [<ffffffff8107d94a>] ? run_posix_cpu_timers+0x3a/0x790
[10660.110620] [<ffffffff8106c86f>] ? update_process_times+0x3f/0x80
[10660.110620] [<ffffffff81098280>] ? tick_sched_handle.isra.8+0x30/0x40
[10660.110620] [<ffffffff810983b2>] ? tick_sched_timer+0x42/0x70
[10660.110620] [<ffffffff8107e66a>] ? __run_hrtimer.isra.30+0x4a/0xe0
[10660.110620] [<ffffffff8107ef45>] ? hrtimer_interrupt+0xe5/0x220
[10660.110620] [<ffffffff8104c5a3>] ? smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x63/0xa0
[10660.110620] [<ffffffff8186e887>] ? apic_timer_interrupt+0x67/0x70
Daniel J Blueman
Principal Software Engineer, Numascale Asia

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