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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/15] mm: frontswap: lazy initialization to allow tmem backends to build/run as modules
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Hi Konrad,
On Fri, 2013-02-01 at 15:22 -0500, Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk wrote:
> From: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com>
>
> With the goal of allowing tmem backends (zcache, ramster, Xen tmem) to be
> built/loaded as modules rather than built-in and enabled by a boot parameter,
> this patch provides "lazy initialization", allowing backends to register to
> frontswap even after swapon was run. Before a backend registers all calls
> to init are recorded and the creation of tmem_pools delayed until a backend
> registers or until a frontswap put is attempted.

Do you mean __frontswap_store? It seems that just add fail count if
backend doesn't register, why you said that the creation of tmem_pools
will delay until this time?

>
> Signed-off-by: Stefan Hengelein <ilendir@googlemail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Florian Schmaus <fschmaus@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andor Daam <andor.daam@googlemail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com>
> [v1: Fixes per Seth Jennings suggestions]
> [v2: Removed FRONTSWAP_HAS_.. ]
> [v3: Fix up per Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com> recommendations]
> [v4: Fix up per Andrew's comments]
> Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
> ---
> mm/frontswap.c | 95 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> 1 file changed, 85 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/frontswap.c b/mm/frontswap.c
> index 2890e67..c05a9db 100644
> --- a/mm/frontswap.c
> +++ b/mm/frontswap.c
> @@ -80,6 +80,46 @@ static inline void inc_frontswap_succ_stores(void) { }
> static inline void inc_frontswap_failed_stores(void) { }
> static inline void inc_frontswap_invalidates(void) { }
> #endif
> +
> +/*
> + * Due to the asynchronous nature of the backends loading potentially
> + * _after_ the swap system has been activated, we have chokepoints
> + * on all frontswap functions to not call the backend until the backend
> + * has registered.
> + *
> + * Specifically when no backend is registered (nobody called
> + * frontswap_register_ops) all calls to frontswap_init (which is done via
> + * swapon -> enable_swap_info -> frontswap_init) are registered and remembered
> + * (via the setting of need_init bitmap) but fail to create tmem_pools. When a
> + * backend registers with frontswap at some later point the previous
> + * calls to frontswap_init are executed (by iterating over the need_init
> + * bitmap) to create tmem_pools and set the respective poolids. All of that is
> + * guarded by us using atomic bit operations on the 'need_init' bitmap.
> + *
> + * This would not guards us against the user deciding to call swapoff right as
> + * we are calling the backend to initialize (so swapon is in action).
> + * Fortunatly for us, the swapon_mutex has been taked by the callee so we are
> + * OK. The other scenario where calls to frontswap_store (called via
> + * swap_writepage) is racing with frontswap_invalidate_area (called via
> + * swapoff) is again guarded by the swap subsystem.
> + *
> + * While no backend is registered all calls to frontswap_[store|load|
> + * invalidate_area|invalidate_page] are ignored or fail.
> + *
> + * The time between the backend being registered and the swap file system
> + * calling the backend (via the frontswap_* functions) is indeterminate as
> + * backend_registered is not atomic_t (or a value guarded by a spinlock).
> + * That is OK as we are comfortable missing some of these calls to the newly
> + * registered backend.
> + *
> + * Obviously the opposite (unloading the backend) must be done after all
> + * the frontswap_[store|load|invalidate_area|invalidate_page] start
> + * ignorning or failing the requests - at which point backend_registered
> + * would have to be made in some fashion atomic.
> + */
> +static DECLARE_BITMAP(need_init, MAX_SWAPFILES);
> +static bool backend_registered __read_mostly;
> +
> /*
> * Register operations for frontswap, returning previous thus allowing
> * detection of multiple backends and possible nesting.
> @@ -87,9 +127,22 @@ static inline void inc_frontswap_invalidates(void) { }
> struct frontswap_ops frontswap_register_ops(struct frontswap_ops *ops)
> {
> struct frontswap_ops old = frontswap_ops;
> + int i;
>
> frontswap_ops = *ops;
> frontswap_enabled = true;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < MAX_SWAPFILES; i++) {
> + if (test_and_clear_bit(i, need_init))
> + (*frontswap_ops.init)(i);
> + }
> + /*
> + * We MUST have backend_registered set _after_ the frontswap_init's
> + * have been called. Otherwise __frontswap_store might fail. Hence
> + * the barrier to make sure compiler does not re-order us.
> + */
> + barrier();
> + backend_registered = true;
> return old;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(frontswap_register_ops);
> @@ -119,10 +172,17 @@ void __frontswap_init(unsigned type)
> {
> struct swap_info_struct *sis = swap_info[type];
>
> - BUG_ON(sis == NULL);
> - if (sis->frontswap_map == NULL)
> - return;
> - frontswap_ops.init(type);
> + if (backend_registered) {
> + BUG_ON(sis == NULL);
> + if (sis->frontswap_map == NULL)
> + return;
> + (*frontswap_ops.init)(type);
> + }
> + else {
> + BUG_ON(type > MAX_SWAPFILES);
> + set_bit(type, need_init);
> + }
> +
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(__frontswap_init);
>
> @@ -147,6 +207,11 @@ int __frontswap_store(struct page *page)
> struct swap_info_struct *sis = swap_info[type];
> pgoff_t offset = swp_offset(entry);
>
> + if (!backend_registered) {
> + inc_frontswap_failed_stores();
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
> BUG_ON(sis == NULL);
> if (frontswap_test(sis, offset))
> @@ -186,6 +251,9 @@ int __frontswap_load(struct page *page)
> struct swap_info_struct *sis = swap_info[type];
> pgoff_t offset = swp_offset(entry);
>
> + if (!backend_registered)
> + return ret;
> +
> BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
> BUG_ON(sis == NULL);
> if (frontswap_test(sis, offset))
> @@ -209,6 +277,9 @@ void __frontswap_invalidate_page(unsigned type, pgoff_t offset)
> {
> struct swap_info_struct *sis = swap_info[type];
>
> + if (!backend_registered)
> + return;
> +
> BUG_ON(sis == NULL);
> if (frontswap_test(sis, offset)) {
> frontswap_ops.invalidate_page(type, offset);
> @@ -226,12 +297,15 @@ void __frontswap_invalidate_area(unsigned type)
> {
> struct swap_info_struct *sis = swap_info[type];
>
> - BUG_ON(sis == NULL);
> - if (sis->frontswap_map == NULL)
> - return;
> - frontswap_ops.invalidate_area(type);
> - atomic_set(&sis->frontswap_pages, 0);
> - memset(sis->frontswap_map, 0, sis->max / sizeof(long));
> + if (backend_registered) {
> + BUG_ON(sis == NULL);
> + if (sis->frontswap_map == NULL)
> + return;
> + (*frontswap_ops.invalidate_area)(type);
> + atomic_set(&sis->frontswap_pages, 0);
> + memset(sis->frontswap_map, 0, sis->max / sizeof(long));
> + }
> + clear_bit(type, need_init);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(__frontswap_invalidate_area);
>
> @@ -364,6 +438,7 @@ static int __init init_frontswap(void)
> debugfs_create_u64("invalidates", S_IRUGO,
> root, &frontswap_invalidates);
> #endif
> + frontswap_enabled = 1;

Why has this change?

> return 0;
> }
>




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