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SubjectRe: Questin about swap_slot free and invalidate page
Hi Hugh,

On Sun, Feb 03, 2013 at 05:51:14PM -0800, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> On Thu, 31 Jan 2013, Minchan Kim wrote:
>
> > When I reviewed zswap, I was curious about frontswap_store.
> > It said following as.
> >
> > * If frontswap already contains a page with matching swaptype and
> > * offset, the frontswap implementation may either overwrite the data and
> > * return success or invalidate the page from frontswap and return failure.
> >
> > It didn't say why it happens. we already have __frontswap_invalidate_page
> > and call it whenever swap_slot frees. If we don't free swap slot,
> > scan_swap_map can't find the slot for swap out so I thought overwriting of
> > data shouldn't happen in frontswap.
> >
> > As I looked the code, the curplit is reuse_swap_page. It couldn't free swap
> > slot if the page founded is PG_writeback but miss calling frontswap_invalidate_page
> > so data overwriting on frontswap can happen. I'm not sure frontswap guys
> > already discussed it long time ago.
> >
> > If we can fix it, we can remove duplication entry handling logic
> > in all of backend of frontswap. All of backend should handle it although
> > it's pretty rare. Of course, zram could be fixed. It might be trivial now
> > but more there are many backend of frontswap, more it would be a headache.
> >
> > If we are trying to fix it in swap layer, we might fix it following as
> >
> > int reuse_swap_page(struct page *page)
> > {
> > ..
> > ..
> > if (count == 1) {
> > if (!PageWriteback(page)) {
> > delete_from_swap_cache(page);
> > SetPageDirty(page);
> > } else {
> > frontswap_invalidate_page();
> > swap_slot_free_notify();
> > }
> > }
> > }
> >
> > But not sure, it is worth at the moment and there might be other places
> > to be fixed.(I hope Hugh can point out if we are missing something if he
> > has a time)
>
> I expect you are right that reuse_swap_page() is the only way it would
> happen for frontswap; but I'm too unfamiliar with frontswap to promise
> you that - it's better that you insert WARN_ONs in your testing to verify.
>
> But I think it's a general tmem property, isn't it? To define what
> happens if you do give it the same key again. So I doubt it's something

I am too unfamiliar with tmem property but thing I am seeing is
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__frontswap_store). It's a one of frontend and is tighly very
coupled with swap subsystem.

> that has to be fixed; but if you do find it helpful to fix it, bear in
> mind that reuse_swap_page() is an odd corner, which may one day give the
> "stable pages" DIF/DIX people trouble, though they've not yet complained.
>
> I'd prefer a patch not specific to frontswap, but along the lines below:
> I think that's the most robust way to express it, though I don't think
> the (count == 0) case can actually occur inside that block (whereas
> count == 0 certainly can occur in the !PageSwapCache case).
>
> I believe that I once upon a time took statistics of how often the
> PageWriteback case happens here, and concluded that it wasn't often
> enough that refusing to reuse in this case would be likely to slow
> anyone down noticeably.

I agree. I had a test about that with zram and that case wasn't common.
so your patch looks good to me.

I am waiting Dan's reply(He will come in this week) and then, judge what's
the best.

Thanks!

>
> >
> > If we are reluctant to it, at least, we should write out comment above
> > frontswap_store about that to notice curious guys who spend many
> > time to know WHY and smart guys who are going to fix it with nice way.
> >
> > Mr. Frontswap, What do you think about it?
>
> He's not me of course :)
>
> Hugh
>
> --- 3.8-rc6/mm/swapfile.c 2012-12-22 09:43:27.668015583 -0800
> +++ linux/mm/swapfile.c 2013-02-03 17:31:04.148181857 -0800
> @@ -637,8 +637,11 @@ int reuse_swap_page(struct page *page)
> return 0;
> count = page_mapcount(page);
> if (count <= 1 && PageSwapCache(page)) {
> - count += page_swapcount(page);
> - if (count == 1 && !PageWriteback(page)) {
> + if (PageWriteback(page))
> + count = 2; /* not safe yet to free its swap */
> + else
> + count += page_swapcount(page);
> + if (count <= 1) {
> delete_from_swap_cache(page);
> SetPageDirty(page);
> }
>
> --
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--
Kind regards,
Minchan Kim


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