lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2013]   [Feb]   [18]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[RFC][PATCH] vfs: always protect diretory file->fpos with inode mutex
There's a long long-standing bug...As long as I don't know when it dates
from.

I've written and attached a simple program to reproduce this bug, and it can
immediately trigger the bug in my box. It uses two threads, one keeps calling
read(), and the other calling readdir(), both on the same directory fd.

When I ran it on ext3 (can be replaced with ext2/ext4) which has _dir_index_
feature disabled, I got this:

EXT3-fs error (device loop1): ext3_readdir: bad entry in directory #34817: rec_len is smaller than minimal - offset=993, inode=0, rec_len=0, name_len=0
EXT3-fs error (device loop1): ext3_readdir: bad entry in directory #34817: rec_len is smaller than minimal - offset=1009, inode=0, rec_len=0, name_len=0
EXT3-fs error (device loop1): ext3_readdir: bad entry in directory #34817: rec_len is smaller than minimal - offset=993, inode=0, rec_len=0, name_len=0
EXT3-fs error (device loop1): ext3_readdir: bad entry in directory #34817: rec_len is smaller than minimal - offset=1009, inode=0, rec_len=0, name_len=0
...

If we configured errors=remount-ro, the filesystem will become read-only.

SYSCALL_DEFINE3(read, unsigned int, fd, char __user *, buf, size_t, count)
{
...
loff_t pos = file_pos_read(file);
ret = vfs_read(file, buf, count, &pos);
file_pos_write(file, pos);
fput_light(file, fput_needed);
...
}

While readdir() is protected with i_mutex, f_pos can be changed without any locking
in various read()/write() syscalls, which leads to this bug.

What makes things worse is Andi removed i_mutex from generic_file_llseek, so you
can trigger the same bug by replacing read() with lseek() in the test program.

commit ef3d0fd27e90f67e35da516dafc1482c82939a60
Author: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Date: Thu Sep 15 16:06:48 2011 -0700

vfs: do (nearly) lockless generic_file_llseek

I've tested ext3 with dir_index enabled and btrfs, nothing bad happened, but there
should be some other vulnerabilities. For example, running the test program on /sys
for a few minutes triggered this warning:

[ 917.994600] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 917.994614] WARNING: at fs/sysfs/sysfs.h:195 sysfs_readdir+0x24c/0x260()
[ 917.994621] Hardware name: Tecal RH2285
...
[ 917.994725] Pid: 8754, comm: a.out Not tainted 3.8.0-rc2-tj-0.7-default+ #69
[ 917.994731] Call Trace:
[ 917.994736] [<ffffffff81205c6c>] ? sysfs_readdir+0x24c/0x260
[ 917.994743] [<ffffffff81205c6c>] ? sysfs_readdir+0x24c/0x260
[ 917.994752] [<ffffffff81041fff>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7f/0xc0
[ 917.994759] [<ffffffff8104205a>] warn_slowpath_null+0x1a/0x20
[ 917.994766] [<ffffffff81205c6c>] sysfs_readdir+0x24c/0x260
[ 917.994774] [<ffffffff8119cbd0>] ? sys_ioctl+0x90/0x90
[ 917.994780] [<ffffffff8119cbd0>] ? sys_ioctl+0x90/0x90
[ 917.994787] [<ffffffff8119cfc1>] vfs_readdir+0xb1/0xd0
[ 917.994794] [<ffffffff8119d07b>] sys_getdents64+0x9b/0x110
[ 917.994803] [<ffffffff814a45d9>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[ 917.994809] ---[ end trace 6efe15a65b89022a ]---
[ 917.994816] ida_remove called for id=13073 which is not allocated.


We can fix this bug in each filesystem, but can't we just make sure i_mutex is
acquired in lseek(), read(), write() and readdir() for directory file operations?

(the patch is for demonstration only)

diff --git a/fs/read_write.c b/fs/read_write.c
index bb34af3..41f76e5 100644
--- a/fs/read_write.c
+++ b/fs/read_write.c
@@ -218,14 +218,25 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(default_llseek);

loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence)
{
+ struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
loff_t (*fn)(struct file *, loff_t, int);
+ int ret;

fn = no_llseek;
if (file->f_mode & FMODE_LSEEK) {
if (file->f_op && file->f_op->llseek)
fn = file->f_op->llseek;
}
- return fn(file, offset, whence);
+
+ if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
+ mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
+ ret = fn(file, offset, whence);
+ mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
+ } else {
+ ret = fn(file, offset, whence);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_llseek);

@@ -442,12 +453,32 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_write);

static inline loff_t file_pos_read(struct file *file)
{
- return file->f_pos;
+ struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
+ loff_t pos;
+
+ if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
+ mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
+ pos = file->f_pos;
+ mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
+ } else {
+ pos = file->f_pos;
+ }
+
+ return pos;
}

static inline void file_pos_write(struct file *file, loff_t pos)
{
- file->f_pos = pos;
+ struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
+
+ if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) {
+ mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
+ file->f_pos = pos;
+ file->f_version = 0;
+ mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
+ } else {
+ file->f_pos = pos;
+ }
}

SYSCALL_DEFINE3(read, unsigned int, fd, char __user *, buf, size_t, count)

#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int fd;
int ret;
DIR *dir;
struct dirent *ptr;

if (argc != 2)
errx(1, "Please specify a directory");

dir = opendir(argv[1]);
if (!dir)
err(1, "Failed to open directory %s", argv[1]);

fd = dirfd(dir);
if (fd < 0)
err(1, "Failed to get dirfd");

ret = fork();
if (ret == 0) {
char buf[100];

while (1)
read(fd, buf, 100);
} else {
int ret2;

while (1) {
ret2 = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
if (ret2 < -1)
err(1, "seek failed");

while (ptr = readdir(dir))
;
}
}

closedir(dir);
return 0;
}
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2013-02-19 03:02    [W:0.213 / U:1.052 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site