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Subject[PATCH] expand micro-optimizations in kernel to newer model CPUs
I have been maintaining the attached patch since kernel v3.9.[1]  I submit for review the most recent incarnation which works with the v3.12 tree.  As you can see by the ANOVA plots referenced in the comments, these micro optimizations are value-added statistically based on a compilation endpoint and are on-par with the included "core2" option in the mainline kernel itself.

I maintain an unofficial Arch Linux kernel repo and have been building/packaging kernels using this patch for many different CPUs and Arches.  I feel this code has been tested by the >2,500 users of my repo on many different CPUs and under both x86 and x86_64 systems[2] and feel it is worth for inclusion into the mainline kernel.

Please cc me on replies as I am NOT a regular subscriber to lkml.  Thank you.

1. https://github.com/graysky2/kernel_gcc_patch
2, http://repo-ck.com/stats.pdfThe original patch was written by jeroen@linuxforge.net
http://www.linuxforge.net/linux/kernel/kernel-33-gcc47-0.patch

Benchmarks by graysky

Three different machines running a generic x86-64 kernel and an otherwise identical kernel running with the optimized gcc options were tested using a make based endpoint.

Conclusion:
There are small but real speed increases using a make endpoint to running with this patch.

Details:
1) Three test machines: Intel Xeon X3360, Intel i7-2620M, Intel Core i7-3660K.
2) All ran the make benchmark (linked below) 35 times while booted into a 'generic' kernel. Then all ran the same make benchmark 35 times after booting into an optimized kernel. Below are the optimizations chosen for each machine.
2a) X3360 = core2
2b) i7-2620M = corei7-avx
2c) i7-3660K = core-avx-i
3) Analyzed resulting distributions for statistical significance via ANOVA plots that clearly show statistically significant albeit small differences.

Links to ANOVA plots:
http://s19.postimage.org/68urcofzn/corei7_avx.png
http://s19.postimage.org/ozwomuak3/core_avx_i.png
http://s19.postimage.org/d0l6fj4z7/core2.png

Discussion:
1) All the assumptions for ANOVA are met:
*Data are normally distributed as show in the normal quantile plots.
*The population variances are fairly equal (Levene and Barlett tests).

2) The ANOVA plots clearly show significance.
*Pair-wise analysis by Tukey-Kramer shows significance at the 0.05 level for all CPUs compared.
Below are the differences in median values:

core2 +87.5 ms
corei7-avx +79.7 ms
core-avx-i +257.2 ms

References:
Bash script that controls the benchmark: https://github.com/graysky2/bin/blob/master/bench
Log file generated by script: http://repo-ck.com/bench/compile_time_optimization.txt.gz

---
--- linux-3.12/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h 2013-02-18 18:58:34.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-3.12.mod/arch/x86/include/asm/module.h 2013-04-11 17:40:04.064910866 -0400
@@ -15,6 +15,16 @@
#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "586MMX "
#elif defined CONFIG_MCORE2
#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "CORE2 "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MNATIVE
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "NATIVE "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MCOREI7
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "COREI7 "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MCOREI7AVX
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "COREI7AVX "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MCOREAVXI
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "COREAVXI "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MCOREAVX2
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "COREAVX2 "
#elif defined CONFIG_MATOM
#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "ATOM "
#elif defined CONFIG_M686
@@ -33,6 +43,16 @@
#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "K7 "
#elif defined CONFIG_MK8
#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "K8 "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MK10
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "K10 "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MBARCELONA
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "BARCELONA "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MBOBCAT
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "BOBCAT "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MBULLDOZER
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "BULLDOZER "
+#elif defined CONFIG_MPILEDRIVER
+#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "PILEDRIVER "
#elif defined CONFIG_MELAN
#define MODULE_PROC_FAMILY "ELAN "
#elif defined CONFIG_MCRUSOE
--- linux-3.12/arch/x86/Kconfig.cpu 2013-02-18 18:58:34.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-3.12.mod/arch/x86/Kconfig.cpu 2013-04-06 08:25:58.095745643 -0400
@@ -139,7 +139,7 @@


config MK6
- bool "K6/K6-II/K6-III"
+ bool "AMD K6/K6-II/K6-III"
depends on X86_32
---help---
Select this for an AMD K6-family processor. Enables use of
@@ -147,7 +147,7 @@
flags to GCC.

config MK7
- bool "Athlon/Duron/K7"
+ bool "AMD Athlon/Duron/K7"
depends on X86_32
---help---
Select this for an AMD Athlon K7-family processor. Enables use of
@@ -155,12 +155,48 @@
flags to GCC.

config MK8
- bool "Opteron/Athlon64/Hammer/K8"
+ bool "AMD Opteron/Athlon64/Hammer/K8"
---help---
Select this for an AMD Opteron or Athlon64 Hammer-family processor.
Enables use of some extended instructions, and passes appropriate
optimization flags to GCC.

+config MK10
+ bool "AMD 61xx/7x50/PhenomX3/X4/II/K10"
+ ---help---
+ Select this for an AMD 61xx Eight-Core Magny-Cours, Athlon X2 7x50,
+ Phenom X3/X4/II, Athlon II X2/X3/X4, or Turion II-family processor.
+ Enables use of some extended instructions, and passes appropriate
+ optimization flags to GCC.
+
+config MBARCELONA
+ bool "AMD Barcelona"
+ ---help---
+ Select this for AMD Barcelona and newer processors.
+
+ Enables -march=barcelona
+
+config MBOBCAT
+ bool "AMD Bobcat"
+ ---help---
+ Select this for AMD Bobcat processors.
+
+ Enables -march=btver1
+
+config MBULLDOZER
+ bool "AMD Bulldozer"
+ ---help---
+ Select this for AMD Bulldozer processors.
+
+ Enables -march=bdver1
+
+config MPILEDRIVER
+ bool "AMD Piledriver"
+ ---help---
+ Select this for AMD Piledriver processors.
+
+ Enables -march=bdver2
+
config MCRUSOE
bool "Crusoe"
depends on X86_32
@@ -251,8 +287,17 @@
using the cpu family field
in /proc/cpuinfo. Family 15 is an older Xeon, Family 6 a newer one.

+config MATOM
+ bool "Intel Atom"
+ ---help---
+
+ Select this for the Intel Atom platform. Intel Atom CPUs have an
+ in-order pipelining architecture and thus can benefit from
+ accordingly optimized code. Use a recent GCC with specific Atom
+ support in order to fully benefit from selecting this option.
+
config MCORE2
- bool "Core 2/newer Xeon"
+ bool "Intel Core 2"
---help---

Select this for Intel Core 2 and newer Core 2 Xeons (Xeon 51xx and
@@ -260,14 +305,40 @@
family in /proc/cpuinfo. Newer ones have 6 and older ones 15
(not a typo)

-config MATOM
- bool "Intel Atom"
+ Enables -march=core2
+
+config MCOREI7
+ bool "Intel Core i7"
---help---

- Select this for the Intel Atom platform. Intel Atom CPUs have an
- in-order pipelining architecture and thus can benefit from
- accordingly optimized code. Use a recent GCC with specific Atom
- support in order to fully benefit from selecting this option.
+ Select this for the Intel Nehalem platform. Intel Nehalem proecessors
+ include Core i3, i5, i7, Xeon: 34xx, 35xx, 55xx, 56xx, 75xx processors.
+
+ Enables -march=corei7
+
+config MCOREI7AVX
+ bool "Intel Core 2nd Gen AVX"
+ ---help---
+
+ Select this for 2nd Gen Core processors including Sandy Bridge.
+
+ Enables -march=corei7-avx
+
+config MCOREAVXI
+ bool "Intel Core 3rd Gen AVX"
+ ---help---
+
+ Select this for 3rd Gen Core processors including Ivy Bridge.
+
+ Enables -march=core-avx-i
+
+config MCOREAVX2
+ bool "Intel Core AVX2"
+ ---help---
+
+ Select this for AVX2 enabled processors including Haswell.
+
+ Enables -march=core-avx2

config GENERIC_CPU
bool "Generic-x86-64"
@@ -276,6 +347,19 @@
Generic x86-64 CPU.
Run equally well on all x86-64 CPUs.

+config MNATIVE
+ bool "Native optimizations autodetected by GCC"
+ ---help---
+
+ GCC 4.2 and above support -march=native, which automatically detects
+ the optimum settings to use based on your processor. -march=native
+ also detects and applies additional settings beyond -march specific
+ to your CPU, (eg. -msse4). Unless you have a specific reason not to
+ (e.g. distcc cross-compiling), you should probably be using
+ -march=native rather than anything listed below.
+
+ Enables -march=native
+
endchoice

config X86_GENERIC
@@ -300,7 +384,7 @@
config X86_L1_CACHE_SHIFT
int
default "7" if MPENTIUM4 || MPSC
- default "6" if MK7 || MK8 || MPENTIUMM || MCORE2 || MATOM || MVIAC7 || X86_GENERIC || GENERIC_CPU
+ default "6" if MK7 || MK8 || MK10 || MBARCELONA || MBOBCAT || MBULLDOZER || MPILEDRIVER || MPENTIUMM || MCORE2 || MCOREI7 || MCOREI7AVX || MCOREAVXI || MCOREAVX2 || MATOM || MVIAC7 || X86_GENERIC || MNATIVE || GENERIC_CPU
default "4" if MELAN || M486 || MGEODEGX1
default "5" if MWINCHIP3D || MWINCHIPC6 || MCRUSOE || MEFFICEON || MCYRIXIII || MK6 || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || M586MMX || M586TSC || M586 || MVIAC3_2 || MGEODE_LX

@@ -331,11 +415,11 @@

config X86_INTEL_USERCOPY
def_bool y
- depends on MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M586MMX || X86_GENERIC || MK8 || MK7 || MEFFICEON || MCORE2
+ depends on MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M586MMX || MNATIVE || X86_GENERIC || MK8 || MK7 || MK10 || MBARCELONA || MEFFICEON || MCORE2 || MCOREI7 || MCOREI7AVX || MCOREAVXI || MCOREAVX2

config X86_USE_PPRO_CHECKSUM
def_bool y
- depends on MWINCHIP3D || MWINCHIPC6 || MCYRIXIII || MK7 || MK6 || MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || MK8 || MVIAC3_2 || MVIAC7 || MEFFICEON || MGEODE_LX || MCORE2 || MATOM
+ depends on MWINCHIP3D || MWINCHIPC6 || MCYRIXIII || MK7 || MK6 || MK10 || MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || MK8 || MVIAC3_2 || MVIAC7 || MEFFICEON || MGEODE_LX || MCORE2 || MCOREI7 || MCOREI7AVX || MCOREAVXI || MCOREAVX2 || MATOM || MNATIVE

config X86_USE_3DNOW
def_bool y
@@ -363,17 +447,17 @@

config X86_TSC
def_bool y
- depends on ((MWINCHIP3D || MCRUSOE || MEFFICEON || MCYRIXIII || MK7 || MK6 || MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || M586MMX || M586TSC || MK8 || MVIAC3_2 || MVIAC7 || MGEODEGX1 || MGEODE_LX || MCORE2 || MATOM) && !X86_NUMAQ) || X86_64
+ depends on ((MWINCHIP3D || MCRUSOE || MEFFICEON || MCYRIXIII || MK7 || MK6 || MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || M586MMX || M586TSC || MK8 || MK10 || MBARCELONA || MBOBCAT || MBULLDOZER || MPILEDRIVER || MVIAC3_2 || MVIAC7 || MGEODEGX1 || MGEODE_LX || MCORE2 || MCOREI7 || MCOREI7-AVX || MATOM) && !X86_NUMAQ) || X86_64 || MNATIVE

config X86_CMPXCHG64
def_bool y
- depends on X86_PAE || X86_64 || MCORE2 || MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || MATOM
+ depends on X86_PAE || X86_64 || MCORE2 || MCOREI7 || MCOREI7AVX || MCOREAVXI || MCOREAVX2 || MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || MATOM || MNATIVE

# this should be set for all -march=.. options where the compiler
# generates cmov.
config X86_CMOV
def_bool y
- depends on (MK8 || MK7 || MCORE2 || MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || MVIAC3_2 || MVIAC7 || MCRUSOE || MEFFICEON || X86_64 || MATOM || MGEODE_LX)
+ depends on (MK8 || MK10 || MBARCELONA || MBOBCAT || MBULLDOZER || MPILEDRIVER || MK7 || MCORE2 || MCOREI7 || MCOREI7AVX || MCOREAVXI || MCOREAVX2 || MPENTIUM4 || MPENTIUMM || MPENTIUMIII || MPENTIUMII || M686 || MVIAC3_2 || MVIAC7 || MCRUSOE || MEFFICEON || X86_64 || MNATIVE || MATOM || MGEODE_LX)

config X86_MINIMUM_CPU_FAMILY
int
--- linux-3.12/arch/x86/Makefile 2012-12-10 22:30:57.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-3.12.mod/arch/x86/Makefile 2013-04-06 07:36:39.349203123 -0400
@@ -57,11 +57,25 @@
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mno-sse -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3)

# FIXME - should be integrated in Makefile.cpu (Makefile_32.cpu)
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MNATIVE) += $(call cc-option,-march=native)
cflags-$(CONFIG_MK8) += $(call cc-option,-march=k8)
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MK10) += $(call cc-option,-march=amdfam10)
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MBARCELONA) += $(call cc-option,-march=barcelona)
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MBOBCAT) += $(call cc-option,-march=btver1)
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MBULLDOZER) += $(call cc-option,-march=bdver1)
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MPILEDRIVER) += $(call cc-option,-march=bdver2)
cflags-$(CONFIG_MPSC) += $(call cc-option,-march=nocona)

cflags-$(CONFIG_MCORE2) += \
- $(call cc-option,-march=core2,$(call cc-option,-mtune=generic))
+ $(call cc-option,-march=core2,$(call cc-option,-mtune=core2))
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MCOREI7) += \
+ $(call cc-option,-march=corei7,$(call cc-option,-mtune=corei7))
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MCOREI7AVX) += \
+ $(call cc-option,-march=corei7-avx,$(call cc-option,-mtune=corei7-avx))
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MCOREAVXI) += \
+ $(call cc-option,-march=core-avx-i,$(call cc-option,-mtune=core-avx-i))
+ cflags-$(CONFIG_MCOREAVX2) += \
+ $(call cc-option,-march=core-avx2,$(call cc-option,-mtune=core-avx2))
cflags-$(CONFIG_MATOM) += $(call cc-option,-march=atom) \
$(call cc-option,-mtune=atom,$(call cc-option,-mtune=generic))
cflags-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_CPU) += $(call cc-option,-mtune=generic)
--- linux-3.12/arch/x86/Makefile_32.cpu 2012-12-10 22:30:57.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-3.12.mod/arch/x86/Makefile_32.cpu 2013-04-06 07:37:31.754423693 -0400
@@ -23,7 +23,13 @@
# Please note, that patches that add -march=athlon-xp and friends are pointless.
# They make zero difference whatsosever to performance at this time.
cflags-$(CONFIG_MK7) += -march=athlon
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MNATIVE) += $(call cc-option,-march=native)
cflags-$(CONFIG_MK8) += $(call cc-option,-march=k8,-march=athlon)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MK10) += $(call cc-option,-march=amdfam10,-march=athlon)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MBARCELONA) += $(call cc-option,-march=barcelona,-march=athlon)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MBOBCAT) += $(call cc-option,-march=btver1,-march=athlon)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MBULLDOZER) += $(call cc-option,-march=bdver1,-march=athlon)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MPILEDRIVER) += $(call cc-option,-march=bdver2,-march=athlon)
cflags-$(CONFIG_MCRUSOE) += -march=i686 $(align)-functions=0 $(align)-jumps=0 $(align)-loops=0
cflags-$(CONFIG_MEFFICEON) += -march=i686 $(call tune,pentium3) $(align)-functions=0 $(align)-jumps=0 $(align)-loops=0
cflags-$(CONFIG_MWINCHIPC6) += $(call cc-option,-march=winchip-c6,-march=i586)
@@ -32,6 +38,10 @@
cflags-$(CONFIG_MVIAC3_2) += $(call cc-option,-march=c3-2,-march=i686)
cflags-$(CONFIG_MVIAC7) += -march=i686
cflags-$(CONFIG_MCORE2) += -march=i686 $(call tune,core2)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MCOREI7) += -march=i686 $(call tune,corei7)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MCOREI7AVX) += -march=i686 $(call tune,corei7-avx)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MCOREAVXI) += -march=i686 $(call tune,core-avx-i)
+cflags-$(CONFIG_MCOREAVX2) += -march=i686 $(call tune,core-avx2)
cflags-$(CONFIG_MATOM) += $(call cc-option,-march=atom,$(call cc-option,-march=core2,-march=i686)) \
$(call cc-option,-mtune=atom,$(call cc-option,-mtune=generic))
\
 
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