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SubjectRe: [Devel] Race in memcg kmem?
On 12/12/2013 05:39 PM, Vladimir Davydov wrote:
> On 12/12/2013 05:21 PM, Michal Hocko wrote:
>> On Wed 11-12-13 10:22:06, Vladimir Davydov wrote:
>>> On 12/11/2013 03:13 AM, Glauber Costa wrote:
>>>> On Tue, Dec 10, 2013 at 5:59 PM, Vladimir Davydov
>> [...]
>>>>> -- memcg_update_cache_size(s, num_groups) --
>>>>> grows s->memcg_params to accomodate data for num_groups memcg's
>>>>> @s is the root cache whose memcg_params we want to grow
>>>>> @num_groups is the new number of kmem-active cgroups (defines the new
>>>>> size of memcg_params array).
>>>>> The function:
>>>>> B1) allocates and assigns a new cache:
>>>>> cur_params = s->memcg_params;
>>>>> s->memcg_params = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
>>>>> B2) copies per-memcg cache ptrs from the old memcg_params array to the
>>>>> new one:
>>>>> for (i = 0; i < memcg_limited_groups_array_size; i++) {
>>>>> if (!cur_params->memcg_caches[i])
>>>>> continue;
>>>>> s->memcg_params->memcg_caches[i] =
>>>>> cur_params->memcg_caches[i];
>>>>> }
>>>>> B3) frees the old array:
>>>>> kfree(cur_params);
>>>>> Since these two functions do not share any mutexes, we can get the
>>>> They do share a mutex, the slab mutex.
>> Worth sticking in a lock_dep_assert?
> AFAIU, lockdep_assert_held() is not applicable here:
> memcg_create_kmem_cache() is called w/o the slab_mutex held, but it
> calls kmem_cache_create_kmemcg(), which takes and releases this mutex,
> working as a barrier. Placing lockdep_assert_held() into the latter
> won't make things any clearer. IMO, we need a big good comment in
> memcg_create_kmem_cache() proving its correctness.

After a bit of thinking on the comment explaining why the race is
impossible I seem to have found another one in these two functions.

Assume two threads schedule kmem_cache creation works for the same
kmem_cache of the same memcg from __memcg_kmem_get_cache(). One of the
works successfully creates it. Another work should fail then, but if it
interleaves with memcg_update_cache_size() as follows, it does not:

memcg_create_kmem_cache() memcg_update_cache_size()
(called w/o mutexes held) (called with slab_mutex
------------------------- -------------------------
// new_cachep==NULL => proceed to creation
// initialize
// sets s->memcg_params
new_cachep = kmem_cache_dup(memcg, cachep)
// nothing prevents kmem_cache_dup from
// succeeding so ...
// we've overwritten an existing cache ptr!

slab_mutex won't help here...

Anyway, I'm going to move check and initialization of memcg_caches[idx]
from memcg_create_kmem_cache() to kmem_cache_create_memcg() under the
slab_mutex eliminating every possibility of race there. Will send the
patch soon.


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