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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 00/16] ARM: support for ICP DAS LP-8x4x (with dts)
Date
On Sunday 15 December 2013, Sergei Ianovich wrote:
> On Sun, 2013-12-15 at 01:53 +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> > On Saturday 14 December 2013, Sergei Ianovich wrote:
> > Unfortunately I don't have a good way to judge the tradeoffs without
> > understanding more about the design of the hardware. Did I understand
> > you right that you expect future versions of the FPGA bitstream
> > to implement additional features or have a different set of endpoint
> > devices?
>
> I am trying to reduce time you spend on review as much as possible.
> Please feel free to say if I do something to the opposite.
>
> I could write a lengthy description of the machine as I understand it,
> if need be. I am not related to its vendor in any way, so it may or may
> not be correct.
>
> I've made to work 100% of features my client needs in the machine. It is
> ~80% of the devices on the frame and ~10% of possible slot modules.
> There are chances someone else will work on the rest, eg. the device
> vendor.
>
> This page contains a photo, if there is any interest to see how it looks
> like:
> http://www.icpdas.com/root/product/solutions/pac/linpac/lp-8x4x_hardware.html

I see, thanks for the clarification.

> > If so, I would argue that anything that you consider an optional
> > sub-device should have its own device node in the device tree.
> >
> > Also, do you have to model hardware that is connected to the FPGA
> > rather than being part of it?
>
> Anything that can be plugged into the device is discoverable, so doesn't
> require to be in the device tree.

Ah, good.

> > I suspect that you may have a different understanding of the term
> > MFD than what I was suggesting: A typical MFD driver in Linux is
> > basically a container device that has some registers on its own
> > like a version detection or the irqchip but mainly is there to
> > create sub-devices that each have a subset of the available
> > registers. The sub-devices may or may not be describe in DT in this
> > case.
>
> I may be missing something. My general understanding seems to be as
> follows. MFD will have probe/remove functionality of drivers for SRAM,
> RTC, serial modules in the patch series. MFD will be to FPGA what C
> language machine file was to machine: lots of hardcoded constants and
> functions which implement non-standard behavior (like set_termios in
> 8250_lp8x4x.c). This seems to be wrong to me, as device tree is
> specifically designed to handle platform device initialization.
>
> The tree you drafted in the previous mail was 100% correct. I though
> about doing something like that. I decided not to, since all devices
> behind the FPGA are transparently accessed by CPU. I like the idea. I
> haven't resent a series with FPGA bus only because you wrote in the same
> mail that we need an MFD.
>
> If you say so, we will have an MFD.

I think I was confused by the fact that the FPGA both has multiple
integrated devices and multiple pluggable devices. Given your explanations,
I think the way you have structured your code is good, and an MFD would
not help. Please just restructure the DT representation to contain the
external-bus and/or the fpga connected to it. You probably don't need both,
but it doesn't hurt to show them as different device-nodes either.
Your choice.

Arnd


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