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Subject[PATCH 016/115] gpu: ion: Add cache maintenance to ion.
Date
From: Rebecca Schultz Zavin <rebecca@android.com>

This patch adds cache maintenance operations to ion. As per mailing
list discussions regarding dma_buf, cache operations are done implicitly.
At buffer allocaiton time the user can select whether he'd like mappings
(both kernel and user) to be cached. When cached mappings are selected,
no mappings will be created for a buffer at mmap time. Instead pages will
be faulted in one at a time so we can track which pages require flushing
before dma. When the buffers are mapped for dma (via the dma_buf apis)
any pages which were touched will be synced for device.

Signed-off-by: Rebecca Schultz Zavin <rebecca@android.com>
[jstultz: modified patch to apply to staging directory]
Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org>
---
drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.c | 162 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h | 19 ++-
drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_carveout_heap.c | 26 +++-
drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_priv.h | 2 +
drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c | 20 ++-
5 files changed, 210 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.c b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.c
index dc7174d..bc9e922 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.c
@@ -34,7 +34,6 @@

#include "ion.h"
#include "ion_priv.h"
-#define DEBUG

/**
* struct ion_device - the metadata of the ion device node
@@ -127,6 +126,8 @@ static void ion_buffer_add(struct ion_device *dev,
rb_insert_color(&buffer->node, &dev->buffers);
}

+static int ion_buffer_alloc_dirty(struct ion_buffer *buffer);
+
/* this function should only be called while dev->lock is held */
static struct ion_buffer *ion_buffer_create(struct ion_heap *heap,
struct ion_device *dev,
@@ -154,15 +155,38 @@ static struct ion_buffer *ion_buffer_create(struct ion_heap *heap,

buffer->dev = dev;
buffer->size = len;
+ buffer->flags = flags;

- table = buffer->heap->ops->map_dma(buffer->heap, buffer);
+ table = heap->ops->map_dma(heap, buffer);
if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(table)) {
heap->ops->free(buffer);
kfree(buffer);
return ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR(table));
}
buffer->sg_table = table;
+ if (buffer->flags & ION_FLAG_CACHED)
+ for_each_sg(buffer->sg_table->sgl, sg, buffer->sg_table->nents,
+ i) {
+ if (sg_dma_len(sg) == PAGE_SIZE)
+ continue;
+ pr_err("%s: cached mappings must have pagewise "
+ "sg_lists\n", __func__);
+ heap->ops->unmap_dma(heap, buffer);
+ kfree(buffer);
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+ }

+ ret = ion_buffer_alloc_dirty(buffer);
+ if (ret) {
+ heap->ops->unmap_dma(heap, buffer);
+ heap->ops->free(buffer);
+ kfree(buffer);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+
+ buffer->dev = dev;
+ buffer->size = len;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&buffer->vmas);
mutex_init(&buffer->lock);
/* this will set up dma addresses for the sglist -- it is not
technically correct as per the dma api -- a specific
@@ -313,13 +337,16 @@ static void ion_handle_add(struct ion_client *client, struct ion_handle *handle)
}

struct ion_handle *ion_alloc(struct ion_client *client, size_t len,
- size_t align, unsigned int flags)
+ size_t align, unsigned int heap_mask,
+ unsigned int flags)
{
struct rb_node *n;
struct ion_handle *handle;
struct ion_device *dev = client->dev;
struct ion_buffer *buffer = NULL;

+ pr_debug("%s: len %d align %d heap_mask %u flags %x\n", __func__, len,
+ align, heap_mask, flags);
/*
* traverse the list of heaps available in this system in priority
* order. If the heap type is supported by the client, and matches the
@@ -338,7 +365,7 @@ struct ion_handle *ion_alloc(struct ion_client *client, size_t len,
if (!((1 << heap->type) & client->heap_mask))
continue;
/* if the caller didn't specify this heap type */
- if (!((1 << heap->id) & flags))
+ if (!((1 << heap->id) & heap_mask))
continue;
buffer = ion_buffer_create(heap, dev, len, align, flags);
if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(buffer))
@@ -647,12 +674,18 @@ struct sg_table *ion_sg_table(struct ion_client *client,
return table;
}

+static void ion_buffer_sync_for_device(struct ion_buffer *buffer,
+ struct device *dev,
+ enum dma_data_direction direction);
+
static struct sg_table *ion_map_dma_buf(struct dma_buf_attachment *attachment,
enum dma_data_direction direction)
{
struct dma_buf *dmabuf = attachment->dmabuf;
struct ion_buffer *buffer = dmabuf->priv;

+ if (buffer->flags & ION_FLAG_CACHED)
+ ion_buffer_sync_for_device(buffer, attachment->dev, direction);
return buffer->sg_table;
}

@@ -662,10 +695,112 @@ static void ion_unmap_dma_buf(struct dma_buf_attachment *attachment,
{
}

+static int ion_buffer_alloc_dirty(struct ion_buffer *buffer)
+{
+ unsigned long pages = buffer->sg_table->nents;
+ unsigned long length = (pages + BITS_PER_LONG - 1)/BITS_PER_LONG;
+
+ buffer->dirty = kzalloc(length * sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buffer->dirty)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct ion_vma_list {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+};
+
+static void ion_buffer_sync_for_device(struct ion_buffer *buffer,
+ struct device *dev,
+ enum dma_data_direction dir)
+{
+ struct scatterlist *sg;
+ int i;
+ struct ion_vma_list *vma_list;
+
+ pr_debug("%s: syncing for device %s\n", __func__,
+ dev ? dev_name(dev) : "null");
+ mutex_lock(&buffer->lock);
+ for_each_sg(buffer->sg_table->sgl, sg, buffer->sg_table->nents, i) {
+ if (!test_bit(i, buffer->dirty))
+ continue;
+ dma_sync_sg_for_device(dev, sg, 1, dir);
+ clear_bit(i, buffer->dirty);
+ }
+ list_for_each_entry(vma_list, &buffer->vmas, list) {
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma = vma_list->vma;
+
+ zap_page_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start,
+ NULL);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&buffer->lock);
+}
+
+int ion_vm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+ struct ion_buffer *buffer = vma->vm_private_data;
+ struct scatterlist *sg;
+ int i;
+
+ mutex_lock(&buffer->lock);
+ set_bit(vmf->pgoff, buffer->dirty);
+
+ for_each_sg(buffer->sg_table->sgl, sg, buffer->sg_table->nents, i) {
+ if (i != vmf->pgoff)
+ continue;
+ dma_sync_sg_for_cpu(NULL, sg, 1, DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL);
+ vm_insert_page(vma, (unsigned long)vmf->virtual_address,
+ sg_page(sg));
+ break;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&buffer->lock);
+ return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
+}
+
+static void ion_vm_open(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct ion_buffer *buffer = vma->vm_private_data;
+ struct ion_vma_list *vma_list;
+
+ vma_list = kmalloc(sizeof(struct ion_vma_list), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vma_list)
+ return;
+ vma_list->vma = vma;
+ mutex_lock(&buffer->lock);
+ list_add(&vma_list->list, &buffer->vmas);
+ mutex_unlock(&buffer->lock);
+ pr_debug("%s: adding %p\n", __func__, vma);
+}
+
+static void ion_vm_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct ion_buffer *buffer = vma->vm_private_data;
+ struct ion_vma_list *vma_list, *tmp;
+
+ pr_debug("%s\n", __func__);
+ mutex_lock(&buffer->lock);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(vma_list, tmp, &buffer->vmas, list) {
+ if (vma_list->vma != vma)
+ continue;
+ list_del(&vma_list->list);
+ kfree(vma_list);
+ pr_debug("%s: deleting %p\n", __func__, vma);
+ break;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&buffer->lock);
+}
+
+struct vm_operations_struct ion_vma_ops = {
+ .open = ion_vm_open,
+ .close = ion_vm_close,
+ .fault = ion_vm_fault,
+};
+
static int ion_mmap(struct dma_buf *dmabuf, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct ion_buffer *buffer = dmabuf->priv;
- int ret;
+ int ret = 0;

if (!buffer->heap->ops->map_user) {
pr_err("%s: this heap does not define a method for mapping "
@@ -673,10 +808,17 @@ static int ion_mmap(struct dma_buf *dmabuf, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
return -EINVAL;
}

- mutex_lock(&buffer->lock);
- /* now map it to userspace */
- ret = buffer->heap->ops->map_user(buffer->heap, buffer, vma);
- mutex_unlock(&buffer->lock);
+ if (buffer->flags & ION_FLAG_CACHED) {
+ vma->vm_private_data = buffer;
+ vma->vm_ops = &ion_vma_ops;
+ ion_vm_open(vma);
+ } else {
+ vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_writecombine(vma->vm_page_prot);
+ mutex_lock(&buffer->lock);
+ /* now map it to userspace */
+ ret = buffer->heap->ops->map_user(buffer->heap, buffer, vma);
+ mutex_unlock(&buffer->lock);
+ }

if (ret)
pr_err("%s: failure mapping buffer to userspace\n",
@@ -828,7 +970,7 @@ static long ion_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
if (copy_from_user(&data, (void __user *)arg, sizeof(data)))
return -EFAULT;
data.handle = ion_alloc(client, data.len, data.align,
- data.flags);
+ data.heap_mask, data.flags);

if (IS_ERR(data.handle))
return PTR_ERR(data.handle);
diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h
index 28810c8..88b9a2f 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h
+++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion.h
@@ -42,6 +42,15 @@ enum ion_heap_type {
#define ION_HEAP_SYSTEM_CONTIG_MASK (1 << ION_HEAP_TYPE_SYSTEM_CONTIG)
#define ION_HEAP_CARVEOUT_MASK (1 << ION_HEAP_TYPE_CARVEOUT)

+/**
+ * heap flags - the lower 16 bits are used by core ion, the upper 16
+ * bits are reserved for use by the heaps themselves.
+ */
+#define ION_FLAG_CACHED 1 /* mappings of this buffer should be
+ cached, ion will do cache
+ maintenance when the buffer is
+ mapped for dma */
+
#ifdef __KERNEL__
struct ion_device;
struct ion_heap;
@@ -121,14 +130,18 @@ void ion_client_destroy(struct ion_client *client);
* @len: size of the allocation
* @align: requested allocation alignment, lots of hardware blocks have
* alignment requirements of some kind
- * @flags: mask of heaps to allocate from, if multiple bits are set
+ * @heap_mask: mask of heaps to allocate from, if multiple bits are set
* heaps will be tried in order from lowest to highest order bit
+ * @flags: heap flags, the low 16 bits are consumed by ion, the high 16
+ * bits are passed on to the respective heap and can be heap
+ * custom
*
* Allocate memory in one of the heaps provided in heap mask and return
* an opaque handle to it.
*/
struct ion_handle *ion_alloc(struct ion_client *client, size_t len,
- size_t align, unsigned int flags);
+ size_t align, unsigned int heap_mask,
+ unsigned int flags);

/**
* ion_free - free a handle
@@ -218,6 +231,7 @@ struct ion_handle *ion_import_dma_buf(struct ion_client *client, int fd);
* struct ion_allocation_data - metadata passed from userspace for allocations
* @len: size of the allocation
* @align: required alignment of the allocation
+ * @heap_mask: mask of heaps to allocate from
* @flags: flags passed to heap
* @handle: pointer that will be populated with a cookie to use to refer
* to this allocation
@@ -227,6 +241,7 @@ struct ion_handle *ion_import_dma_buf(struct ion_client *client, int fd);
struct ion_allocation_data {
size_t len;
size_t align;
+ unsigned int heap_mask;
unsigned int flags;
struct ion_handle *handle;
};
diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_carveout_heap.c b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_carveout_heap.c
index 16f4fc7..daa348e 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_carveout_heap.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_carveout_heap.c
@@ -84,23 +84,41 @@ static void ion_carveout_heap_free(struct ion_buffer *buffer)
buffer->priv_phys = ION_CARVEOUT_ALLOCATE_FAIL;
}

-struct scatterlist *ion_carveout_heap_map_dma(struct ion_heap *heap,
+struct sg_table *ion_carveout_heap_map_dma(struct ion_heap *heap,
struct ion_buffer *buffer)
{
- return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+ struct sg_table *table;
+ int ret;
+
+ table = kzalloc(sizeof(struct sg_table), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!table)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ ret = sg_alloc_table(table, 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (ret) {
+ kfree(table);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+ sg_set_page(table->sgl, phys_to_page(buffer->priv_phys), buffer->size,
+ 0);
+ return table;
}

void ion_carveout_heap_unmap_dma(struct ion_heap *heap,
struct ion_buffer *buffer)
{
- return;
+ sg_free_table(buffer->sg_table);
}

void *ion_carveout_heap_map_kernel(struct ion_heap *heap,
struct ion_buffer *buffer)
{
+ int mtype = MT_MEMORY_NONCACHED;
+
+ if (buffer->flags & ION_FLAG_CACHED)
+ mtype = MT_MEMORY;
+
return __arm_ioremap(buffer->priv_phys, buffer->size,
- MT_MEMORY_NONCACHED);
+ mtype);
}

void ion_carveout_heap_unmap_kernel(struct ion_heap *heap,
diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_priv.h b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_priv.h
index 7a77f6f..406d1f4 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_priv.h
+++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_priv.h
@@ -60,6 +60,8 @@ struct ion_buffer {
void *vaddr;
int dmap_cnt;
struct sg_table *sg_table;
+ unsigned long *dirty;
+ struct list_head vmas;
};

/**
diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c
index 35b3726..dceed5b 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/android/ion/ion_system_heap.c
@@ -87,13 +87,20 @@ void *ion_system_heap_map_kernel(struct ion_heap *heap,
struct scatterlist *sg;
int i;
void *vaddr;
+ pgprot_t pgprot;
struct sg_table *table = buffer->priv_virt;
struct page **pages = kmalloc(sizeof(struct page *) * table->nents,
GFP_KERNEL);

for_each_sg(table->sgl, sg, table->nents, i)
pages[i] = sg_page(sg);
- vaddr = vmap(pages, table->nents, VM_MAP, PAGE_KERNEL);
+
+ if (buffer->flags & ION_FLAG_CACHED)
+ pgprot = PAGE_KERNEL;
+ else
+ pgprot = pgprot_writecombine(PAGE_KERNEL);
+
+ vaddr = vmap(pages, table->nents, VM_MAP, pgprot);
kfree(pages);

return vaddr;
@@ -179,7 +186,7 @@ static int ion_system_contig_heap_phys(struct ion_heap *heap,
}

struct sg_table *ion_system_contig_heap_map_dma(struct ion_heap *heap,
- struct ion_buffer *buffer)
+ struct ion_buffer *buffer)
{
struct sg_table *table;
int ret;
@@ -197,6 +204,13 @@ struct sg_table *ion_system_contig_heap_map_dma(struct ion_heap *heap,
return table;
}

+void ion_system_contig_heap_unmap_dma(struct ion_heap *heap,
+ struct ion_buffer *buffer)
+{
+ sg_free_table(buffer->sg_table);
+ kfree(buffer->sg_table);
+}
+
int ion_system_contig_heap_map_user(struct ion_heap *heap,
struct ion_buffer *buffer,
struct vm_area_struct *vma)
@@ -213,7 +227,7 @@ static struct ion_heap_ops kmalloc_ops = {
.free = ion_system_contig_heap_free,
.phys = ion_system_contig_heap_phys,
.map_dma = ion_system_contig_heap_map_dma,
- .unmap_dma = ion_system_heap_unmap_dma,
+ .unmap_dma = ion_system_contig_heap_unmap_dma,
.map_kernel = ion_system_heap_map_kernel,
.unmap_kernel = ion_system_heap_unmap_kernel,
.map_user = ion_system_contig_heap_map_user,
--
1.8.3.2


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