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SubjectRe: [PATCH 04/10] net: stmmac: sunxi platfrom extensions for GMAC in Allwinner A20 SoC's
Hi,

On Wed, Dec 11, 2013 at 10:45 PM, srinivas kandagatla
<srinivas.kandagatla@st.com> wrote:
> Hi Chen,
>
> On 11/12/13 12:17, Chen-Yu Tsai wrote:
>
>>>
>>> I would be good to get actual picture of this hw setup, On ST the
>>> additional glue logic which sits on top of the GMAC is to resposible for
>>> selecting the correct retime clock.
>>
>> I would have liked to look at the internal design, how the dwmac core
>> is connected to the clock control, but that is out of the question.
>> Still, based on the documents, I think our clock controller is partially
>> intertwined with the GMAC. It takes GMAC's internally generated clock
>> as one of several inputs, then sends it back to the GMAC to time tx data.
>>
> This is very much similar to ST glue, one of the selected clk is used
> for retime the tx data lines. This selection is more of board dependent.
> It totally depends on how the GMAC is wired up with PHY.
>
>> Judging by the register definitions listed in the A20 manual,
>> the SoC glue layer clocks is something like this:
>>
>> _________________________
>> MII TX clock from PHY >-----|___________ _________|----> to GMAC core
>> GMAC Int. RGMII TX clk >----|___________\__/__gate---|----> to PHY
>> Ext. 125MHz RGMII TX clk >--|__divider__/ |
>> |________________________|
>>
>>
>> For MII mode, the glue layer should select the TX clock from the PHY.
>> The gate to the PHY should be disabled.
>>
>> For RGMII mode, either the internal clock generated by the GMAC core,
>> or the external 125MHz reference generated by the PHY can be selected.
>> And the clock gate to the PHY should be enabled.
>> If the 125MHz reference is used, the glue layer should select the proper
>> divider (/1, /5, /50) based on the link speed.
>>
>> For GMII mode, under 10/100 speeds, the operation matches MII mode.
>> For gigabit speeds, should use a 125MHz clock (internal or external)
>> and enable the output gate.
>>
>> The glue layer may indeed sit on top or around the GMAC core.
>> Nevertheless, its operational state does depend on the GMAC.
>> The current callbacks present in the stmmac driver are a good model
>> for this.
>
> Callbacks are OK with me, as they give good level of abstraction as you
> said.
>
> But I don't like the idea of glue drivers passing the full platform data
> to stmmac or glue driver parsing the platform data, which is going to
> look as very ugly fixups.
>
> Also, currently callbacks just take pdev, which seems to be forcing glue
> drivers to use platform data as the only data structure to pass information.
>
> My recommendation would be to add new parameter to these callbacks ,
> which can be used for to store glue private datastructure, we could
> actually use bsp_priv variable from platform data.

I agree. The original design provided .custom_data, .custom_cfg,
.bsp_priv fields in the platform data for the callbacks.

I am not aware of any users of these fields in the current kernel.
Maybe the intended users, ST platforms, have migrated to DT.

Merging the three fields would be nice, but may break some unsuspecting
user.

> So the of_data structure would have some thing like:
>
> struct stmmac_of_data {
> void * (*setup)(struct platform_device *pdev);
> void (*bus_setup)(struct platform_device *pdev, void *priv, void
> __iomem *ioaddr);
> int (*init)(struct platform_device *pdev, void *priv);
> void (*exit)(struct platform_device *pdev, void *priv);
> void (*fix_mac_speed)(struct platform_device *pdev, void *priv,
> unnsigned int speed);
>
> };
>
> setup() would return a private data struct of glue driver which can be
> stored in plat->bsp_priv. Should be done at DT parsing level.

So this would be called at the end of stmmac_probe_config_dt.
And for non-DT platforms, they should provide .bsp_priv themselves.

> Regarding the bindings, If Peppe is happy to allow optional SOC specific
> binding in it, it is Ok with me too.
>
> But all SOC specific resources names and properties have to be properly
> prefexed so that its not confused with dwmac properties.

I agree. SOC specific bindings should have different prefixes and
documented separately, along with the compatible strings.

> Regarding reset, I think we can add the support in stmmac driver itself.

Will do.

> Regarding clocks, on STi glue we can not represent the configuration in
> proper clock infrastructure.

I see. Could you give me a description of the 4 tx clock inputs?
I would like to learn a bit more about STi glue.

> Am happy to change sti glue driver to this interface style, if you are
> Ok with this approach Or if you have any other better ideas, lets discuss.
>
> Feel free to change the above proposed new APIs..

I think the original .fix_mac_speed (without *pdev) is ok.
It likely requires link speed, interface type, and any SoC data.
interface type is buried in platform data, so .setup should take
care to copy it into .bsp_priv.

About .bus_setup, I am unfamiliar with the use cases. Unable to comment
on this one.

>>
>>>>> I see issues with this approach, which are addressed in my patches.
>>>>>
>>>>> Please have a look at the http://lkml.org/lkml/2013/11/12/462 patch on
>>>>> STi SOC glue, which does implement a very similar glue driver.
>>>>>
>>>>> Do you see any issues not to do that way?
>>>>
>>>> The glue layer driver would not have access to any of dwmac driver's
>>>> internals, nor could it respond to any state changes.
>>>
>>> Should it have access to this in the first place?
>>> Should SOC Glue driver actually change the internal data structures of
>>> the stmmac? I guess No.
>>>
>>> I think all you need is to know the interface type which can be derived
>>> from a child node as I did in my glue driver.
>>
>> The interface type is not enough. In GMII mode, you would have to change
>> the tx clock parent to match the link speed, as I mentioned in a previous
>> section.
>
> Ok, this should be specific to the glue driver I guess.

.fix_mac_speed callback will take care of this.

>>
>> This I am working on. Here is what I propose:
>>
>> stmmac takes a second optional clock, named "tx_clk".
>
>> The clock provider should:
>>
> [---
>> 1. put the glue layer into MII mode when the clock is disabled
>> 2. put the glue layer into RGMII mode when the clock is enabled
>> 3. support clk_set_rate at 125, 25, or 2.5 MHz for RGMII link
>> speed changes. This could be a no-op for the internal clock.
>>
> ---]
> I think this is capturing your glue implementation details which might
> not be true with other glue drivers.
>
>> While we're at it, we can also make stmmac take an optional reset handler.
>>
>> I think this solves both our problems, while being both generic and
>> part of the gmac core hardware.
>>
>> The rest of my requirements for Allwinner A20/A31 gmac can be solved
>> with proper PHY node support, which I will implement, and
>> "snps,force_sf_dma_mode" and "snps,tx-coe" properties.
>
> This makes sense, I think this aread would need a cleanup any way.
>
>>
>>>>>> + plat_dat = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
>>>>> This is not valid for DT case.
>>>>> In DT case stmmac maintains its own instance of platform data.
>>>>>
>>>>> Setting platform data dynamically after probe to a device is not the
>>>>> right way to do.
>>>>
>>>> I see. And stmmac's own instance of platform data is associated with the
>>>> device in stmmac_dvr_probe. To make this work, we would have to move
>>>> setting dev->priv->plat in front of the .init callback.
>>>
>>> No it would not work either, as platform data is stmmac is stored in its
>>> private data structure.
>>
>> With these modifications, the .init and .exit callbacks will have access
>> to stmmac's private data structure, as they are passed dev as the sole
>> argument.
>
> Your suggestion looks like a hack, lets do it properly, as I suggested
> and at the start.

Agreed. Jumping through layers of pointers is not nice.

>>>>
>>>> 1. .tx_coe
>>>> This is not exported in the DT bindings.
>>>> Looking at stmmac code, not setting this seems to disable all
>>>> checksum offloading.
>>>
>>> Why cant this go via DT as well?
>>
>> If you and Giuseppe are OK with this, why not?
> Am Ok with it.
>
>>>> 3. .mdio_bus_data
>>>> The PHY mask is something we would like to have at the board level.
>>>> The PHY on one of our boards, RTL8211E from Realtek, responds to
>>>> commands sent to phy address 0, regardless what it's actual address is.
>>>
>>> Sounds correct.as
>>>
>>>> This is documented in RTL8211E's datasheet:
>>>>
>>>> The RTL8211E-VB(VL)/RTL8211EG-VB support PHY addresses from 00001 to
>>>> 00111. PHY address 0 is a broadcast from the MAC; each PHY device
>>>> should respond.
>>>>
>>>> Without the PHY mask, probing the MDIO bus would yield two devices,
>>>> when in reality there is only one. This results in some confusion.
>>> Can you explain the issue in more detail.
>>>
>>> Why is it a confusion? PHYs are supposed to respond to address 00000.
>>
>> If you look under /sys/bus/mdio_bus/devices/, for PHYs supporting
>> address 00000 as broadcast, you would see 2 devices.
>> stmmac debug messages will also report 2 devices found.
>>
>> Also, not all PHY devices respond to address 00000.
>> The Realtek RTL8201CP PHY on one of our other boards, does not.
>>
>> I could not find a reference to "supposed to respond to address 00000".
>> IEEE 802.3 only defines the address space, not intended uses.
> Here is the reference:
>
> "22.2.4.5.5 PHYAD (PHY Address): The PHY Address is five bits, allowing
> 32 unique PHY addresses. The first PHY address bit transmitted and
> received is the MSB of the address. A PHY that is connected to the
> station management entity via the mechanical interface defined in 22.6
> shall always respond to transactions addressed to PHY Address zero
> <00000>. A station management entity that is attached to multiple PHYs
> must have prior knowledge of the appropriate PHY Address for each PHY."
>
>
>>
>>> MDIO bus could have multiple PHYS on the bus, it does not matter as long
>>> as you address them with correct PHYID.
>>
>> Correct. I assume by PHYID you mean PHY address.
>> Florian has pointed out that "snps,phy-addr" is !standard, and we
>> should replace it with standard PHY node support. I can address this
>> in the patch series.
>
> I agree, if you have bandwidth cleanup in this area would be good.
>
> Anyway I have limited access to emails for the next 3 weeks, so I can
> not respond quickly.
>
> Hope you have a good Christmas and new year..
>
> Will talk to you after new year.

I will get to work and get a new patch series out.

Wish you a happy holiday.

ChenYu


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