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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3] dma: edma: Add support for Cyclic DMA
On 10/21/2013 01:53 AM, Vinod Koul wrote:
> On Mon, Sep 23, 2013 at 06:05:14PM -0500, Joel Fernandes wrote:
>
>> @@ -449,6 +455,138 @@ static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *edma_prep_slave_sg(
>> return vchan_tx_prep(&echan->vchan, &edesc->vdesc, tx_flags);
>> }
>>
>> +static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *edma_prep_dma_cyclic(
>> + struct dma_chan *chan, dma_addr_t buf_addr, size_t buf_len,
>> + size_t period_len, enum dma_transfer_direction direction,
>> + unsigned long tx_flags, void *context)
>> +{
>> + struct edma_chan *echan = to_edma_chan(chan);
>> + struct device *dev = chan->device->dev;
>> + struct edma_desc *edesc;
>> + dma_addr_t src_addr, dst_addr;
>> + enum dma_slave_buswidth dev_width;
>> + u32 burst;
>> + int i, ret, nr_periods;
>> +
>> + if (unlikely(!echan || !buf_len || !period_len))
>> + return NULL;
>> +
>> + if (direction == DMA_DEV_TO_MEM) {
>> + src_addr = echan->cfg.src_addr;
>> + dst_addr = buf_addr;
>> + dev_width = echan->cfg.src_addr_width;
>> + burst = echan->cfg.src_maxburst;
>> + } else if (direction == DMA_MEM_TO_DEV) {
>> + src_addr = buf_addr;
>> + dst_addr = echan->cfg.dst_addr;
>> + dev_width = echan->cfg.dst_addr_width;
>> + burst = echan->cfg.dst_maxburst;
>> + } else {
>> + dev_err(dev, "%s: bad direction?\n", __func__);
>> + return NULL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (dev_width == DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_UNDEFINED) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Undefined slave buswidth\n");
>> + return NULL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (unlikely(buf_len % period_len)) {
>> + dev_err(dev, "Period should be multiple of Buffer length\n");
>> + return NULL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + nr_periods = (buf_len / period_len) + 1;
> ?
>
> consider the case of buf = period_len, above makes nr_period = 2.
>
> Or buf len 100, period len 50, makes nr_period = 3
>
> Both doesnt seem right to me?

I guess that variable name is misleading.

nr_periods is actually the total no.of slots needed to process the request. Its
value is 1 greater than the total number of periods.

This is because the channel uses one dedicated slot that it continuously
refreshed (not read-only). The other slots are read-only, and are continuously
copied into the dedicated channel's slot.

Below is the updated patch where I changed the nr_periods variable name to
nslots for clarity.

---8<---
From: Joel Fernandes <joelf@ti.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2] dma: edma: Add support for Cyclic DMA

Using the PaRAM configuration function that we split for reuse by the
different DMA types, we implement Cyclic DMA support.
For the cyclic case, we pass different configuration parameters to this
function, and handle all the Cyclic-specific functionality separately.

Callbacks to the DMA users are handled using vchan_cyclic_callback in
the virt-dma layer. Linking is handled the same way as the slave SG case
except for the last slot where we link it back to the first one in a
cyclic fashion.

For continuity, we check for cases where no.of periods is great than the
MAX number of slots the driver can allocate for a particular descriptor
and error out on such cases.

Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes <joelf@ti.com>
---
v2 changes:
- changed variable name- nr_periods to nslots, to make the context more clear.

drivers/dma/edma.c | 160 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
1 file changed, 152 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dma/edma.c b/drivers/dma/edma.c
index 9b6004f..0fef450 100644
--- a/drivers/dma/edma.c
+++ b/drivers/dma/edma.c
@@ -54,6 +54,7 @@
struct edma_desc {
struct virt_dma_desc vdesc;
struct list_head node;
+ int cyclic;
int absync;
int pset_nr;
int processed;
@@ -167,8 +168,13 @@ static void edma_execute(struct edma_chan *echan)
* then setup a link to the dummy slot, this results in all future
* events being absorbed and that's OK because we're done
*/
- if (edesc->processed == edesc->pset_nr)
- edma_link(echan->slot[nslots-1], echan->ecc->dummy_slot);
+ if (edesc->processed == edesc->pset_nr) {
+ if (edesc->cyclic)
+ edma_link(echan->slot[nslots-1], echan->slot[1]);
+ else
+ edma_link(echan->slot[nslots-1],
+ echan->ecc->dummy_slot);
+ }

edma_resume(echan->ch_num);

@@ -253,6 +259,7 @@ static int edma_control(struct dma_chan *chan, enum
dma_ctrl_cmd cmd,
/*
* A PaRAM set configuration abstraction used by other modes
* @chan: Channel who's PaRAM set we're configuring
+ * @pset: PaRAM set to initialize and setup.
* @src_addr: Source address of the DMA
* @dst_addr: Destination address of the DMA
* @burst: In units of dev_width, how much to send
@@ -448,6 +455,138 @@ static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *edma_prep_slave_sg(
return vchan_tx_prep(&echan->vchan, &edesc->vdesc, tx_flags);
}

+static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *edma_prep_dma_cyclic(
+ struct dma_chan *chan, dma_addr_t buf_addr, size_t buf_len,
+ size_t period_len, enum dma_transfer_direction direction,
+ unsigned long tx_flags, void *context)
+{
+ struct edma_chan *echan = to_edma_chan(chan);
+ struct device *dev = chan->device->dev;
+ struct edma_desc *edesc;
+ dma_addr_t src_addr, dst_addr;
+ enum dma_slave_buswidth dev_width;
+ u32 burst;
+ int i, ret, nslots;
+
+ if (unlikely(!echan || !buf_len || !period_len))
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (direction == DMA_DEV_TO_MEM) {
+ src_addr = echan->cfg.src_addr;
+ dst_addr = buf_addr;
+ dev_width = echan->cfg.src_addr_width;
+ burst = echan->cfg.src_maxburst;
+ } else if (direction == DMA_MEM_TO_DEV) {
+ src_addr = buf_addr;
+ dst_addr = echan->cfg.dst_addr;
+ dev_width = echan->cfg.dst_addr_width;
+ burst = echan->cfg.dst_maxburst;
+ } else {
+ dev_err(dev, "%s: bad direction?\n", __func__);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ if (dev_width == DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_UNDEFINED) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Undefined slave buswidth\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ if (unlikely(buf_len % period_len)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Period should be multiple of Buffer length\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ nslots = (buf_len / period_len) + 1;
+
+ /*
+ * Cyclic DMA users such as audio cannot tolerate delays introduced
+ * by cases where the number of periods is more than the maximum
+ * number of SGs the EDMA driver can handle at a time. For DMA types
+ * such as Slave SGs, such delays are tolerable and synchronized,
+ * but the synchronization is difficult to achieve with Cyclic and
+ * cannot be guaranteed, so we error out early.
+ */
+ if (nslots > MAX_NR_SG)
+ return NULL;
+
+ edesc = kzalloc(sizeof(*edesc) + nslots *
+ sizeof(edesc->pset[0]), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!edesc) {
+ dev_dbg(dev, "Failed to allocate a descriptor\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ edesc->cyclic = 1;
+ edesc->pset_nr = nslots;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: nslots=%d\n", __func__, nslots);
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: period_len=%d\n", __func__, period_len);
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: buf_len=%d\n", __func__, buf_len);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nslots; i++) {
+ /* Allocate a PaRAM slot, if needed */
+ if (echan->slot[i] < 0) {
+ echan->slot[i] =
+ edma_alloc_slot(EDMA_CTLR(echan->ch_num),
+ EDMA_SLOT_ANY);
+ if (echan->slot[i] < 0) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to allocate slot\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (i == nslots - 1) {
+ memcpy(&edesc->pset[i], &edesc->pset[0],
+ sizeof(edesc->pset[0]));
+ break;
+ }
+
+ ret = edma_config_pset(chan, &edesc->pset[i], src_addr,
+ dst_addr, burst, dev_width, period_len,
+ direction);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (direction == DMA_DEV_TO_MEM)
+ dst_addr += period_len;
+ else
+ src_addr += period_len;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: Configure period %d of buf:\n", __func__, i);
+ dev_dbg(dev,
+ "\n pset[%d]:\n"
+ " chnum\t%d\n"
+ " slot\t%d\n"
+ " opt\t%08x\n"
+ " src\t%08x\n"
+ " dst\t%08x\n"
+ " abcnt\t%08x\n"
+ " ccnt\t%08x\n"
+ " bidx\t%08x\n"
+ " cidx\t%08x\n"
+ " lkrld\t%08x\n",
+ i, echan->ch_num, echan->slot[i],
+ edesc->pset[i].opt,
+ edesc->pset[i].src,
+ edesc->pset[i].dst,
+ edesc->pset[i].a_b_cnt,
+ edesc->pset[i].ccnt,
+ edesc->pset[i].src_dst_bidx,
+ edesc->pset[i].src_dst_cidx,
+ edesc->pset[i].link_bcntrld);
+
+ edesc->absync = ret;
+
+ /*
+ * Enable interrupts for every period because callback
+ * has to be called for every period.
+ */
+ edesc->pset[i].opt |= TCINTEN;
+ }
+
+ return vchan_tx_prep(&echan->vchan, &edesc->vdesc, tx_flags);
+}
+
static void edma_callback(unsigned ch_num, u16 ch_status, void *data)
{
struct edma_chan *echan = data;
@@ -456,24 +595,28 @@ static void edma_callback(unsigned ch_num, u16 ch_status,
void *data)
unsigned long flags;
struct edmacc_param p;

- /* Pause the channel */
- edma_pause(echan->ch_num);
+ edesc = echan->edesc;
+
+ /* Pause the channel for non-cyclic */
+ if (!edesc || (edesc && !edesc->cyclic))
+ edma_pause(echan->ch_num);

switch (ch_status) {
case DMA_COMPLETE:
spin_lock_irqsave(&echan->vchan.lock, flags);

- edesc = echan->edesc;
if (edesc) {
- if (edesc->processed == edesc->pset_nr) {
+ if (edesc->cyclic) {
+ vchan_cyclic_callback(&edesc->vdesc);
+ } else if (edesc->processed == edesc->pset_nr) {
dev_dbg(dev, "Transfer complete, stopping channel %d\n", ch_num);
edma_stop(echan->ch_num);
vchan_cookie_complete(&edesc->vdesc);
+ edma_execute(echan);
} else {
dev_dbg(dev, "Intermediate transfer complete on channel %d\n", ch_num);
+ edma_execute(echan);
}
-
- edma_execute(echan);
}

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&echan->vchan.lock, flags);
@@ -671,6 +814,7 @@ static void edma_dma_init(struct edma_cc *ecc, struct
dma_device *dma,
struct device *dev)
{
dma->device_prep_slave_sg = edma_prep_slave_sg;
+ dma->device_prep_dma_cyclic = edma_prep_dma_cyclic;
dma->device_alloc_chan_resources = edma_alloc_chan_resources;
dma->device_free_chan_resources = edma_free_chan_resources;
dma->device_issue_pending = edma_issue_pending;
--
1.8.1.2






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