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Subject[v2.6.34-stable 71/77] crypto: ghash - Avoid null pointer dereference if no key is set
From: Nick Bowler <>

This is a commit scheduled for the next v2.6.34 longterm release.
If you see a problem with using this for longterm, please comment.

commit 7ed47b7d142ec99ad6880bbbec51e9f12b3af74c upstream.

The ghash_update function passes a pointer to gf128mul_4k_lle which will
be NULL if ghash_setkey is not called or if the most recent call to
ghash_setkey failed to allocate memory. This causes an oops. Fix this
up by returning an error code in the null case.

This is trivially triggered from unprivileged userspace through the
AF_ALG interface by simply writing to the socket without setting a key.

The ghash_final function has a similar issue, but triggering it requires
a memory allocation failure in ghash_setkey _after_ at least one
successful call to ghash_update.

BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000670
IP: [<d88c92d4>] gf128mul_4k_lle+0x23/0x60 [gf128mul]
*pde = 00000000
Oops: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
Modules linked in: ghash_generic gf128mul algif_hash af_alg nfs lockd nfs_acl sunrpc bridge ipv6 stp llc

Pid: 1502, comm: hashatron Tainted: G W 3.1.0-rc9-00085-ge9308cf #32 Bochs Bochs
EIP: 0060:[<d88c92d4>] EFLAGS: 00000202 CPU: 0
EIP is at gf128mul_4k_lle+0x23/0x60 [gf128mul]
EAX: d69db1f0 EBX: d6b8ddac ECX: 00000004 EDX: 00000000
ESI: 00000670 EDI: d6b8ddac EBP: d6b8ddc8 ESP: d6b8dda4
DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 0033 SS: 0068
Process hashatron (pid: 1502, ti=d6b8c000 task=d6810000 task.ti=d6b8c000)
00000000 d69db1f0 00000163 00000000 d6b8ddc8 c101a520 d69db1f0 d52aa000
00000ff0 d6b8dde8 d88d310f d6b8a3f8 d52aa000 00001000 d88d502c d6b8ddfc
00001000 d6b8ddf4 c11676ed d69db1e8 d6b8de24 c11679ad d52aa000 00000000
Call Trace:
[<c101a520>] ? kmap_atomic_prot+0x37/0xa6
[<d88d310f>] ghash_update+0x85/0xbe [ghash_generic]
[<c11676ed>] crypto_shash_update+0x18/0x1b
[<c11679ad>] shash_ahash_update+0x22/0x36
[<c11679cc>] shash_async_update+0xb/0xd
[<d88ce0ba>] hash_sendpage+0xba/0xf2 [algif_hash]
[<c121b24c>] kernel_sendpage+0x39/0x4e
[<d88ce000>] ? 0xd88cdfff
[<c121b298>] sock_sendpage+0x37/0x3e
[<c121b261>] ? kernel_sendpage+0x4e/0x4e
[<c10b4dbc>] pipe_to_sendpage+0x56/0x61
[<c10b4e1f>] splice_from_pipe_feed+0x58/0xcd
[<c10b4d66>] ? splice_from_pipe_begin+0x10/0x10
[<c10b51f5>] __splice_from_pipe+0x36/0x55
[<c10b4d66>] ? splice_from_pipe_begin+0x10/0x10
[<c10b6383>] splice_from_pipe+0x51/0x64
[<c10b63c2>] ? default_file_splice_write+0x2c/0x2c
[<c10b63d5>] generic_splice_sendpage+0x13/0x15
[<c10b4d66>] ? splice_from_pipe_begin+0x10/0x10
[<c10b527f>] do_splice_from+0x5d/0x67
[<c10b6865>] sys_splice+0x2bf/0x363
[<c129373b>] ? sysenter_exit+0xf/0x16
[<c104dc1e>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x10e/0x13f
[<c129370c>] sysenter_do_call+0x12/0x32
Code: 83 c4 0c 5b 5e 5f c9 c3 55 b9 04 00 00 00 89 e5 57 8d 7d e4 56 53 8d 5d e4 83 ec 18 89 45 e0 89 55 dc 0f b6 70 0f c1 e6 04 01 d6 <f3> a5 be 0f 00 00 00 4e 89 d8 e8 48 ff ff ff 8b 45 e0 89 da 0f
EIP: [<d88c92d4>] gf128mul_4k_lle+0x23/0x60 [gf128mul] SS:ESP 0068:d6b8dda4
CR2: 0000000000000670
---[ end trace 4eaa2a86a8e2da24 ]---
note: hashatron[1502] exited with preempt_count 1
BUG: scheduling while atomic: hashatron/1502/0x10000002
INFO: lockdep is turned off.

Signed-off-by: Nick Bowler <>
Signed-off-by: Herbert Xu <>
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <>
crypto/ghash-generic.c | 6 ++++++
1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/crypto/ghash-generic.c b/crypto/ghash-generic.c
index be44256..7835b8f 100644
--- a/crypto/ghash-generic.c
+++ b/crypto/ghash-generic.c
@@ -67,6 +67,9 @@ static int ghash_update(struct shash_desc *desc,
struct ghash_ctx *ctx = crypto_shash_ctx(desc->tfm);
u8 *dst = dctx->buffer;

+ if (!ctx->gf128)
+ return -ENOKEY;
if (dctx->bytes) {
int n = min(srclen, dctx->bytes);
u8 *pos = dst + (GHASH_BLOCK_SIZE - dctx->bytes);
@@ -119,6 +122,9 @@ static int ghash_final(struct shash_desc *desc, u8 *dst)
struct ghash_ctx *ctx = crypto_shash_ctx(desc->tfm);
u8 *buf = dctx->buffer;

+ if (!ctx->gf128)
+ return -ENOKEY;
ghash_flush(ctx, dctx);
memcpy(dst, buf, GHASH_BLOCK_SIZE);


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