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SubjectRe: [PATCH 13/24] cfq-iosched: implement hierarchy-ready cfq_group charge scaling
On Fri, Dec 28, 2012 at 12:35:35PM -0800, Tejun Heo wrote:
> Currently, cfqg charges are scaled directly according to cfqg->weight.
> Regardless of the number of active cfqgs or the amount of active
> weights, a given weight value always scales charge the same way. This
> works fine as long as all cfqgs are treated equally regardless of
> their positions in the hierarchy, which is what cfq currently
> implements. It can't work in hierarchical settings because the
> interpretation of a given weight value depends on where the weight is
> located in the hierarchy.
> This patch reimplements cfqg charge scaling so that it can be used to
> support hierarchy properly. The scheme is fairly simple and
> light-weight.
> * When a cfqg is added to the service tree, v(disktime)weight is
> calculated. It walks up the tree to root calculating the fraction
> it has in the hierarchy. At each level, the fraction can be
> calculated as
> cfqg->weight / parent->level_weight
> By compounding these, the global fraction of vdisktime the cfqg has
> claim to - vfraction - can be determined.
> * When the cfqg needs to be charged, the charge is scaled inversely
> proportionally to the vfraction.
> The new scaling scheme uses the same CFQ_SERVICE_SHIFT for fixed point
> representation as before; however, the smallest scaling factor is now
> 1 (ie. 1 << CFQ_SERVICE_SHIFT). This is different from before where 1
> was for CFQ_WEIGHT_DEFAULT and higher weight would result in smaller
> scaling factor.
> While this shifts the global scale of vdisktime a bit, it doesn't
> change the relative relationships among cfqgs and the scheduling
> result isn't different.
> cfq_group_notify_queue_add uses fixed CFQ_IDLE_DELAY when appending
> new cfqg to the service tree. The specific value of CFQ_IDLE_DELAY
> didn't have any relevance to vdisktime before and is unlikely to cause
> any visible behavior difference now especially as the scale shift
> isn't that large.
> As the new scheme now makes proper distinction between cfqg->weight
> and ->leaf_weight, reverse the weight aliasing for root cfqgs. For
> root, both weights are now mapped to ->leaf_weight instead of the
> other way around.
> Because we're still using cfqg_flat_parent(), this patch shouldn't
> change the scheduling behavior in any noticeable way.
> v2: Beefed up comments on vfraction as requested by Vivek.
> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <>
> Cc: Vivek Goyal <>

Looks good to me.

Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <>


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