[lkml]   [2013]   [Jan]   [31]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: [PATCH] printk: Avoid softlockups in console_unlock()
On Fri, Jan 18, 2013 at 3:09 AM, Andrew Morton
<> wrote:
> On Thu, 17 Jan 2013 22:04:42 +0100
> Jan Kara <> wrote:
>> ...
>> So I played a bit with this. To make things easier for me I added
>> artificial mdelay(len*10) (effectively simulating console able to print 100
>> characters per second) just after call_console_drivers() so that I can
>> trigger issues even on a machine easily available to me. Booting actually
>> doesn't trigger any problems because there aren't enough things happening
>> in parallel on common machine during boot but
>> echo t >/proc/sysrq-trigger &
>> for i in /lib/modules/3.8.0-rc3-0-default/kernel/fs/*/*.ko; do
>> name=`basename $i`; name=${name%.ko}; modprobe $name
>> done
>> easily triggers the problem (as modprobe uses both RCU & IPIs to signal all
>> CPUs).
>> Adding
>> touch_nmi_watchdog();
>> touch_all_softlockup_watchdogs();
>> rcu_cpu_stall_reset();
> I'm not sure that touch_all_softlockup_watchdogs() is needed?
> touch_nmi_watchdog() itself calls touch_softlockup_watchdog().
> If the rcu_cpu_stall_reset() is needed here then presumably it is
> needed elsewhere and we should put a call to rcu_cpu_stall_reset() into
> (the increasingly misnamed) touch_nmi_watchdog().
>> into the printk loop did stop all the warnings and the machine eventually
>> came alive again after finishing printing sysrq-t output (while printing
>> the machine was responding to ping but ssh stopped working after a while -
>> not sure what was happening but apparently some IO requests weren't
>> completing and maybe networking started dropping packets because it
>> accumulated too much RCU work).
>> So your suggestion seems certainly plausible. I was just wondering
>> a) Above three lines can be pretty expensive on big machines as they
>> iterate over all CPUs. So we should probably limit it to once per jiffy or
>> something like that?
> I guess so - is it hard to test the effects of such a change? Maybe do
> a few MB of printks with the output disabled with `dmesg -n' and see
> what effect such a patch has?
> If it does need ratelimiting, I'd worry about using jiffies for that.
> If the kernel is spending a long time with interrupts disabled, jiffies
> might not be incrementing. Using the CPU timestamp would be better
> (eg, sched_clock()).
I am puzzled because of this definition(above link).Sched_clock is
dependent on jiffies and jiffies is blocked so how sched_clock would
be better(I am 100% missing something very obvious)?

Is it that sched_clock is not dependent on jiffies?
>> b) Above three lines can make softlockup detection pretty useless if
>> there's enough printk traffic (it would be enough to printk() something
>> every 10s or so which can happen with netfilter logging packets or so).
> Yes, that is a concern.
>> But if we touch the watchdogs only if we spend more than 1 jiffy in the
>> console_unlock() we should hopefully touch those watchdogs only in rare
>> cases of heavy printk traffic.
> yup. Another option might be to do the touch_nmi_watchdog() only if
> there is a "large" amount of data being emitted within
> console_unlock(). Like your 1000 character threshold.
>> PS: sysrq-t was ~200 KB on that freshly booted machine so on a busy machine
>> that would trigger softlockups with 115200 serial console as well (I
>> actually do remember seeing it in some customer's reports). So it's not
>> just boot.
> Yes, we have hit this before. Large printks over slow console devices.
> See the sad little touch_nmi_watchdog() in lib/show_mem.c, for
> example. I actually thought we'd fixed this in printk itself but it
> seems not - the two touch_nmi_watchdog()s in there are for special
> cases.
> Actually, a bit of grepping for touch_nmi_watchdog() is interesting. A
> number of serial drivers are doing it, which makes me wonder why your
> customers weren't saved by that - using the wrong driver, perhaps? If
> we can get this fixed centrally then a lot of those calls should be
> removeable.
> The presence of all those touch_nmi_watchdog() calls around the place
> has implications for the testing of your patch, btw ;)
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> the body of a message to
> More majordomo info at
> Please read the FAQ at

 \ /
  Last update: 2013-01-31 09:21    [W:0.103 / U:2.472 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site