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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3] binfmt_elf: Verify signature of signed elf binary
On Wed, Jan 16, 2013 at 12:24:39PM -0500, Mimi Zohar wrote:
> On Wed, 2013-01-16 at 10:54 -0500, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> > On Wed, Jan 16, 2013 at 10:33:11AM -0500, Mimi Zohar wrote:
> >
> > [..]
> > > > - Also I really could not figure out where does the private signing key
> > > > lives. I got the impression that we need to trust installer and
> > > > signing somehow happens at installation time. And we wanted signing
> > > > to happen at build server and could not trust installer for that.
> > >
> > > Dmitry's ima-evm-utils package signs files. Depending on the options,
> > > both the EVM and IMA extended attributes are created.
> >
> > I was going through following presentation.
> >
> >
> >
> > On slide 8, it mentons signing.
> >
> > evmctl sign --imahash /path/to/file
> > evmctl sign --imasig /path/to/file
> >
> > Can't figure out where does the key for signing come from? Is it already
> > loaded in any of kernel keyrings.
> >
> > If yes, I think this is non-starter. One can not distribute the private
> > key.
> No, the default key location is /etc/keys/privkey_evm.pem, but can be
> specified. Prior to Dmitry's updating the package yesterday, the last
> parameter was the key pathname. After the update, you can specify the
> key location with the new --key option.
> > Also I am assuming that this is done at installation time? If yes, then
> > again it does not work as installer does not have private key.
> Not necessarily. The original use case scenario was creating an image
> with both EVM and IMA digital signatures and then flashing the image.

But distributions don't ship pre-setup root file system. It is created
and labeled at installation time. So if we want to use IMA, we need to
sign files at installation time. That means private keys need to be
accessible to installer (using --key option). And that does not work for
this use case.

> > On slide 11, it talks about importing public keys in kernel keyring from
> > initramfs. As we discussed this will need modification as these keys
> > need to be signed and signing public key should already be part of
> > kernel keyring.
> It's been a long process upstreaming all the different pieces involved.
> The initial design/step was to load the public key on a keyring. Since
> then we've added support for multiple keyrings(eg. EVM, IMA, etc). The
> next step is to tie this in with secure boot.
> > So looking at the signing process, it really does not look like that
> > I can sign the executable at build server. It looks it needs to be
> > signed by installer at install time and private key needs to be available
> > to installer?
> No, the build server can sign the files, so the private key is not
> required on the target. These signatures need to be included in the
> package. Elena Reshetova gave a talk at the last LSS
> (, describing changes to RPM to write
> the security extended attributes.

Following is from article.

"The other hooks that Reshetova proposed are associated with the individual
files in a package. Those would allow things like security labeling or
calculating hashes on the file contents (for integrity purposes)."

IIUC, these hooks will execute on the target. So hash and all signatures
should still be generated on target and not build server?

Given the fact that signatures are stored in extended attributes, to me
the only way to sign executables in current IMA framework would to be
prepare file system image at build server and ship that image. And
then installer simply mounts that image (after making sure that proper
verification keys have been loaded in kernel).

And this image will pretty much be static. As you don't have private key
you can't install more packages and sign these.

So it will be something like one image per signed package (in worst case).

I don't think starting to ship signed file system images as compared
to signed files is a better idea.


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