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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 05/22] sched: remove domain iterations in fork/exec/wake
Hi Morten,Alex

On 01/09/2013 11:51 PM, Morten Rasmussen wrote:
> On Sat, Jan 05, 2013 at 08:37:34AM +0000, Alex Shi wrote:
>> Guess the search cpu from bottom to up in domain tree come from
>> commit 3dbd5342074a1e sched: multilevel sbe sbf, the purpose is
>> balancing over tasks on all level domains.
>>
>> This balancing cost much if there has many domain/groups in a large
>> system. And force spreading task among different domains may cause
>> performance issue due to bad locality.
>>
>> If we remove this code, we will get quick fork/exec/wake, plus better
>> balancing among whole system, that also reduce migrations in future
>> load balancing.
>>
>> This patch increases 10+% performance of hackbench on my 4 sockets
>> NHM and SNB machines.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@intel.com>
>> ---
>> kernel/sched/fair.c | 20 +-------------------
>> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 19 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> index ecfbf8e..895a3f4 100644
>> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> @@ -3364,15 +3364,9 @@ select_task_rq_fair(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int wake_flags)
>> goto unlock;
>> }
>>
>> - while (sd) {
>> + if (sd) {
>> int load_idx = sd->forkexec_idx;
>> struct sched_group *group;
>> - int weight;
>> -
>> - if (!(sd->flags & sd_flag)) {
>> - sd = sd->child;
>> - continue;
>> - }
>>
>> if (sd_flag & SD_BALANCE_WAKE)
>> load_idx = sd->wake_idx;
>> @@ -3382,18 +3376,6 @@ select_task_rq_fair(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int wake_flags)
>> goto unlock;
>>
>> new_cpu = find_idlest_cpu(group, p, cpu);
>> -
>> - /* Now try balancing at a lower domain level of new_cpu */
>> - cpu = new_cpu;
>> - weight = sd->span_weight;
>> - sd = NULL;
>> - for_each_domain(cpu, tmp) {
>> - if (weight <= tmp->span_weight)
>> - break;
>> - if (tmp->flags & sd_flag)
>> - sd = tmp;
>> - }
>> - /* while loop will break here if sd == NULL */
>
> I agree that this should be a major optimization. I just can't figure
> out why the existing recursive search for an idle cpu switches to the
> new cpu near the end and then starts a search for an idle cpu in the new
> cpu's domain. Is this to handle some exotic sched domain configurations?
> If so, they probably wouldn't work with your optimizations.

Let me explain my understanding of why the recursive search is the way
it is.

_________________________ sd0
| |
| ___sd1__ ___sd2__ |
| | | | | |
| | sgx | | sga | |
| | sgy | | sgb | |
| |________| |________| |
|_________________________|

What the current recursive search is doing is (assuming we start with
sd0-the top level sched domain whose flags are rightly set). we find
that sd1 is the idlest group,and a cpux1 in sgx is the idlest cpu.

We could have ideally stopped the search here.But the problem with this
is that there is a possibility that sgx is more loaded than sgy; meaning
the cpus in sgx are heavily imbalanced;say there are two cpus cpux1 and
cpux2 in sgx,where cpux2 is heavily loaded and cpux1 has recently gotten
idle and load balancing has not come to its rescue yet.According to the
search above, cpux1 is idle,but is *not the right candidate for
scheduling forked task,it is the right candidate for relieving the load
from cpux2* due to cache locality etc.

Therefore in the next recursive search we go one step inside sd1-the
chosen idlest group candidate,which also happens to be the *next level
sched domain for cpux1-the chosen idle cpu*. It then returns sgy as the
idlest perhaps,if the situation happens to be better than what i have
described for sgx and an appropriate cpu there is chosen.

So in short a bird's eye view of a large sched domain to choose the cpu
would be very short sighted,we could end up creating imbalances within
lower level sched domains.To avoid this the recursive search plays safe
and chooses the best idle group after viewing the large sched domain in
detail.

Therefore even i feel that this patch should be implemented after
thorough tests.



> Morten

Regards
Preeti U Murthy



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