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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 17/22] sched: packing small tasks in wake/exec balancing
On Sat, Jan 05, 2013 at 08:37:46AM +0000, Alex Shi wrote:
> If the wake/exec task is small enough, utils < 12.5%, it will
> has the chance to be packed into a cpu which is busy but still has space to
> handle it.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@intel.com>
> ---
> kernel/sched/fair.c | 51 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
> 1 file changed, 45 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> index 8d0d3af..0596e81 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> @@ -3471,19 +3471,57 @@ static inline int get_sd_sched_policy(struct sched_domain *sd,
> }
>
> /*
> + * find_leader_cpu - find the busiest but still has enough leisure time cpu
> + * among the cpus in group.
> + */
> +static int
> +find_leader_cpu(struct sched_group *group, struct task_struct *p, int this_cpu)
> +{
> + unsigned vacancy, min_vacancy = UINT_MAX;

unsigned int?

> + int idlest = -1;
> + int i;
> + /* percentage the task's util */
> + unsigned putil = p->se.avg.runnable_avg_sum * 100
> + / (p->se.avg.runnable_avg_period + 1);

Alternatively you could use se.avg.load_avg_contrib which is the same
ratio scaled by the task priority (se->load.weight). In the above
expression you don't take priority into account.

> +
> + /* Traverse only the allowed CPUs */
> + for_each_cpu_and(i, sched_group_cpus(group), tsk_cpus_allowed(p)) {
> + struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(i);
> + int nr_running = rq->nr_running > 0 ? rq->nr_running : 1;
> +
> + /* only pack task which putil < 12.5% */
> + vacancy = FULL_UTIL - (rq->util * nr_running + putil * 8);

I can't follow this expression.

The variables can have the following values:
FULL_UTIL = 99
rq->util = [0..99]
nr_running = [1..inf]
putil = [0..99]

Why multiply rq->util by nr_running?

Let's take an example where rq->util = 50, nr_running = 2, and putil =
10. In this case the value of putil doesn't really matter as vacancy
would be negative anyway since FULL_UTIL - rq->util * nr_running is -1.
However, with rq->util = 50 there should be plenty of spare cpu time to
take another task.

Also, why multiply putil by 8? rq->util must be very close to 0 for
vacancy to be positive if putil is close to 12 (12.5%).

The vacancy variable is declared unsigned, so it will underflow instead
of becoming negative. Is this intentional?

I may be missing something, but could the expression be something like
the below instead?

Create a putil < 12.5% check before the loop. There is no reason to
recheck it every iteration. Then:

vacancy = FULL_UTIL - (rq->util + putil)

should be enough?

> +
> + /* bias toward local cpu */
> + if (vacancy > 0 && (i == this_cpu))
> + return i;
> +
> + if (vacancy > 0 && vacancy < min_vacancy) {
> + min_vacancy = vacancy;
> + idlest = i;

"idlest" may be a bit misleading here as you actually select busiest cpu
that have enough spare capacity to take the task.

Morten

> + }
> + }
> + return idlest;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> * If power policy is eligible for this domain, and it has task allowed cpu.
> * we will select CPU from this domain.
> */
> static int get_cpu_for_power_policy(struct sched_domain *sd, int cpu,
> - struct task_struct *p, struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
> + struct task_struct *p, struct sd_lb_stats *sds, int fork)
> {
> int policy;
> int new_cpu = -1;
>
> policy = get_sd_sched_policy(sd, cpu, p, sds);
> - if (policy != SCHED_POLICY_PERFORMANCE && sds->group_leader)
> - new_cpu = find_idlest_cpu(sds->group_leader, p, cpu);
> -
> + if (policy != SCHED_POLICY_PERFORMANCE && sds->group_leader) {
> + if (!fork)
> + new_cpu = find_leader_cpu(sds->group_leader, p, cpu);
> + /* for fork balancing and a little busy task */
> + if (new_cpu == -1)
> + new_cpu = find_idlest_cpu(sds->group_leader, p, cpu);
> + }
> return new_cpu;
> }
>
> @@ -3534,14 +3572,15 @@ select_task_rq_fair(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int flags)
> if (tmp->flags & sd_flag) {
> sd = tmp;
>
> - new_cpu = get_cpu_for_power_policy(sd, cpu, p, &sds);
> + new_cpu = get_cpu_for_power_policy(sd, cpu, p, &sds,
> + flags & SD_BALANCE_FORK);
> if (new_cpu != -1)
> goto unlock;
> }
> }
>
> if (affine_sd) {
> - new_cpu = get_cpu_for_power_policy(affine_sd, cpu, p, &sds);
> + new_cpu = get_cpu_for_power_policy(affine_sd, cpu, p, &sds, 0);
> if (new_cpu != -1)
> goto unlock;
>
> --
> 1.7.12
>
> --
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