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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/3] mtd: devices: elm: Add support for ELM error correction
On 11/29/2012 5:16 PM, Philip, Avinash wrote:
> The ELM hardware module can be used to speedup BCH 4/8/16 ECC scheme
> error correction.
> For now only 4 & 8 bit support is added
>
> Signed-off-by: Philip, Avinash <avinashphilip@ti.com>
> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca>
> Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com>
> Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
> ---
> Changes since v2:
> - Remove __devinit & __devexit annotations
>
> Changes since v1:
> - Change build attribute to CONFIG_MTD_NAND_OMAP_BCH
> - Reduced indentation using by passing elm_info , offset
> to elm_read & elm_write
> - Removed syndrome manipulation functions.
>
> :000000 100644 0000000... b88ee83... A Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> :100644 100644 395733a... 369a194... M drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> :000000 100644 0000000... d2667f3... A drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
> :000000 100644 0000000... d4fce31... A include/linux/platform_data/elm.h
> Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt | 17 +
> drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile | 4 +-
> drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c | 418 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/platform_data/elm.h | 54 ++++
> 4 files changed, 493 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..b88ee83
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/elm.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> +Error location module
> +
> +Required properties:
> +- compatible: Must be "ti,elm"
> +- reg: physical base address and size of the registers map.
> +- interrupts: Interrupt number for the elm.
> +- interrupt-parent: The parent interrupt controller
> +
> +Optional properties:
> +- ti,hwmods: Name of the hwmod associated to the elm
> +
> +Example:
> +elm: elm@0 {
> + compatible = "ti,elm";
> + reg = <0x48080000 0x2000>;
> + interrupts = <4>;
> +};
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> index 395733a..369a194 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/Makefile
> @@ -17,8 +17,10 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_LART) += lart.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_BLOCK2MTD) += block2mtd.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_DATAFLASH) += mtd_dataflash.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_M25P80) += m25p80.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_OMAP_BCH) += elm.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SPEAR_SMI) += spear_smi.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_SST25L) += sst25l.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_BCM47XXSFLASH) += bcm47xxsflash.o
>
> -CFLAGS_docg3.o += -I$(src)
> \ No newline at end of file
> +
> +CFLAGS_docg3.o += -I$(src)
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c b/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..d2667f3
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/devices/elm.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,418 @@
> +/*
> + * Error Location Module
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2012 Texas Instruments Incorporated - http://www.ti.com/
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_data/elm.h>
> +
> +#define ELM_IRQSTATUS 0x018
> +#define ELM_IRQENABLE 0x01c
> +#define ELM_LOCATION_CONFIG 0x020
> +#define ELM_PAGE_CTRL 0x080
> +#define ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_0 0x400
> +#define ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_6 0x418
> +#define ELM_LOCATION_STATUS 0x800
> +#define ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0 0x880
> +
> +/* ELM Interrupt Status Register */
> +#define INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID BIT(8)
> +
> +/* ELM Interrupt Enable Register */
> +#define INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK BIT(8)
> +
> +/* ELM Location Configuration Register */
> +#define ECC_BCH_LEVEL_MASK 0x3
> +
> +/* ELM syndrome */
> +#define ELM_SYNDROME_VALID BIT(16)
> +
> +/* ELM_LOCATION_STATUS Register */
> +#define ECC_CORRECTABLE_MASK BIT(8)
> +#define ECC_NB_ERRORS_MASK 0x1f
> +
> +/* ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0-15 Registers */
> +#define ECC_ERROR_LOCATION_MASK 0x1fff
> +
> +#define ELM_ECC_SIZE 0x7ff
> +
> +#define SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE 0x40
> +#define ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE 0x100
> +
> +struct elm_info {
> + struct device *dev;
> + void __iomem *elm_base;
> + struct completion elm_completion;
> + struct list_head list;
> + enum bch_ecc bch_type;
> +};
> +
> +static LIST_HEAD(elm_devices);
> +
> +static void elm_write_reg(struct elm_info *info, int offset, u32 val)
> +{
> + writel(val, info->elm_base + offset);
> +}
> +
> +static u32 elm_read_reg(struct elm_info *info, int offset)
> +{
> + return readl(info->elm_base + offset);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_config - Configure ELM module
> + * @info: elm info
> + */
> +static void elm_config(struct elm_info *info)

This is called "config", but there is no configuration information
passed which looks odd..

> +{
> + u32 reg_val;
> +
> + reg_val = (info->bch_type & ECC_BCH_LEVEL_MASK) | (ELM_ECC_SIZE << 16);
> + elm_write_reg(info, ELM_LOCATION_CONFIG, reg_val);
> +}

Is there a use case where BCH type needs to be changed after NAND has
been probed? You will have to erase any existing data written to NAND if
you change the ECC type. That sounds destructive enough to avoid such a
thing.

> +
> +/**
> + * elm_configure_page_mode - Enable/Disable page mode
> + * @info: elm info
> + * @index: index number of syndrome fragment vector
> + * @enable: enable/disable flag for page mode
> + *
> + * Enable page mode for syndrome fragment index
> + */
> +static void elm_configure_page_mode(struct elm_info *info, int index,
> + bool enable)
> +{
> + u32 reg_val;
> +
> + reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_PAGE_CTRL);
> + if (enable)
> + reg_val |= BIT(index); /* enable page mode */
> + else
> + reg_val &= ~BIT(index); /* disable page mode */
> +
> + elm_write_reg(info, ELM_PAGE_CTRL, reg_val);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_load_syndrome - Load ELM syndrome reg
> + * @info: elm info
> + * @err_vec: elm error vectors
> + * @ecc: buffer with calculated ecc
> + *
> + * Load syndrome fragment registers with calculated ecc in reverse order.
> + */
> +static void elm_load_syndrome(struct elm_info *info,
> + struct elm_errorvec *err_vec, u8 *ecc)
> +{
> + int i, offset;
> + u32 val;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
> +
> + /* Check error reported */
> + if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
> + elm_configure_page_mode(info, i, true);
> + offset = ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_0 +
> + SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE * i;
> +
> + /* BCH8 */
> + if (info->bch_type) {
> +
> + /* syndrome fragment 0 = ecc[9-12B] */
> + val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[9]);
> + elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +
> + /* syndrome fragment 1 = ecc[5-8B] */
> + offset += 4;
> + val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[5]);
> + elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +
> + /* syndrome fragment 2 = ecc[1-4B] */
> + offset += 4;
> + val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[1]);
> + elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +
> + /* syndrome fragment 3 = ecc[0B] */
> + offset += 4;
> + val = ecc[0];
> + elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> + } else {
> + /* syndrome fragment 0 = ecc[20-52b] bits */
> + val = (cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[3]) >> 4) |
> + ((ecc[2] & 0xf) << 28);
> + elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> +
> + /* syndrome fragment 1 = ecc[0-20b] bits */
> + offset += 4;
> + val = cpu_to_be32(*(u32 *) &ecc[0]) >> 12;
> + elm_write_reg(info, offset, val);
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /* Update ecc pointer with ecc byte size */
> + ecc += info->bch_type ? BCH8_SIZE : BCH4_SIZE;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_start_processing - start elm syndrome processing
> + * @info: elm info
> + * @err_vec: elm error vectors
> + *
> + * Set syndrome valid bit for syndrome fragment registers for which
> + * elm syndrome fragment registers are loaded. This enables elm module
> + * to start processing syndrome vectors.
> + */
> +static void elm_start_processing(struct elm_info *info,
> + struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
> +{
> + int i, offset;
> + u32 reg_val;
> +
> + /*
> + * Set syndrome vector valid, so that ELM module
> + * will process it for vectors error is reported
> + */
> + for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
> + if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
> + offset = ELM_SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_6 +
> + SYNDROME_FRAGMENT_REG_SIZE * i;
> + reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
> + reg_val |= ELM_SYNDROME_VALID;
> + elm_write_reg(info, offset, reg_val);
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_error_correction - locate correctable error position
> + * @info: elm info
> + * @err_vec: elm error vectors
> + *
> + * On completion of processing by elm module, error location status
> + * register updated with correctable/uncorrectable error information.
> + * In case of correctable errors, number of errors located from
> + * elm location status register & read the positions from
> + * elm error location register.
> + */
> +static void elm_error_correction(struct elm_info *info,
> + struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
> +{
> + int i, j, errors = 0;
> + int offset;
> + u32 reg_val;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ERROR_VECTOR_MAX; i++) {
> +
> + /* Check error reported */
> + if (err_vec[i].error_reported) {
> + offset = ELM_LOCATION_STATUS + ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE * i;
> + reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
> +
> + /* Check correctable error or not */
> + if (reg_val & ECC_CORRECTABLE_MASK) {
> + offset = ELM_ERROR_LOCATION_0 +
> + ERROR_LOCATION_SIZE * i;
> +
> + /* Read count of correctable errors */
> + err_vec[i].error_count = reg_val &
> + ECC_NB_ERRORS_MASK;
> +
> + /* Update the error locations in error vector */
> + for (j = 0; j < err_vec[i].error_count; j++) {
> +
> + reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, offset);
> + err_vec[i].error_loc[j] = reg_val &
> + ECC_ERROR_LOCATION_MASK;
> +
> + /* Update error location register */
> + offset += 4;
> + }
> +
> + errors += err_vec[i].error_count;
> + } else {
> + err_vec[i].error_uncorrectable = true;
> + }
> +
> + /* Clearing interrupts for processed error vectors */
> + elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS, BIT(i));
> +
> + /* Disable page mode */
> + elm_configure_page_mode(info, i, false);
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * elm_decode_bch_error_page - Locate error position
> + * @dev: device pointer
> + * @ecc_calc: calculated ECC bytes from GPMC
> + * @err_vec: elm error vectors
> + *
> + * Called with one or more error reported vectors & vectors with
> + * error reported is updated in err_vec[].error_reported
> + *
> + */
> +void elm_decode_bch_error_page(struct device *dev, u8 *ecc_calc,
> + struct elm_errorvec *err_vec)
> +{
> + struct elm_info *info = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> + u32 reg_val;
> +
> + /* Enable page mode interrupt */
> + reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS);
> + elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS, reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID);
> + elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE, INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK);
> +
> + /* Load valid ecc byte to syndrome fragment register */
> + elm_load_syndrome(info, err_vec, ecc_calc);
> +
> + /* Enable syndrome processing for which syndrome fragment is updated */
> + elm_start_processing(info, err_vec);
> +
> + /* Wait for ELM module to finish locating error correction */
> + wait_for_completion(&info->elm_completion);
> +
> + /* Disable page mode interrupt */
> + reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE);
> + elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQENABLE, reg_val & ~INTR_EN_PAGE_MASK);
> + elm_error_correction(info, err_vec);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(elm_decode_bch_error_page);
> +
> +static irqreturn_t elm_isr(int this_irq, void *dev_id)
> +{
> + u32 reg_val;
> + struct elm_info *info = dev_id;
> +
> + reg_val = elm_read_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS);
> +
> + /* All error vectors processed */
> + if (reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID) {
> + elm_write_reg(info, ELM_IRQSTATUS,
> + reg_val & INTR_STATUS_PAGE_VALID);
> + complete(&info->elm_completion);
> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> + }
> +
> + return IRQ_NONE;
> +}
> +
> +struct device *elm_request(enum bch_ecc bch_type)
> +{
> + struct elm_info *info;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(info, &elm_devices, list) {
> + if (info && info->dev) {
> + info->bch_type = bch_type;
> + elm_config(info);
> + return info->dev;
> + }
> + }

This will always return the first ELM device probed since you never
remove the allocated device from the list. I wonder why you really need
a list?

Thanks,
Sekhar


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