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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] vfio powerpc: enabled on powernv platform
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On Mon, 2012-12-03 at 13:52 +1100, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> This patch initializes IOMMU groups based on the IOMMU
> configuration discovered during the PCI scan on POWERNV
> (POWER non virtualized) platform. The IOMMU groups are
> to be used later by VFIO driver (PCI pass through).
>
> It also implements an API for mapping/unmapping pages for
> guest PCI drivers and providing DMA window properties.
> This API is going to be used later by QEMU-VFIO to handle
> h_put_tce hypercalls from the KVM guest.
>
> Although this driver has been tested only on the POWERNV
> platform, it should work on any platform which supports
> TCE tables.
>
> To enable VFIO on POWER, enable SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU config
> option and configure VFIO as required.
>
> Cc: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
> Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
> ---
> arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h | 9 ++
> arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c | 186 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c | 135 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/iommu/Kconfig | 8 ++
> 4 files changed, 338 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
> index cbfe678..5c7087a 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/iommu.h
> @@ -76,6 +76,9 @@ struct iommu_table {
> struct iommu_pool large_pool;
> struct iommu_pool pools[IOMMU_NR_POOLS];
> unsigned long *it_map; /* A simple allocation bitmap for now */
> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
> + struct iommu_group *it_group;
> +#endif
> };
>
> struct scatterlist;
> @@ -147,5 +150,11 @@ static inline void iommu_restore(void)
> }
> #endif
>
> +extern long iommu_clear_tces(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry,
> + unsigned long pages);
> +extern long iommu_put_tces(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry,
> + uint64_t tce, enum dma_data_direction direction,
> + unsigned long pages);
> +
> #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
> #endif /* _ASM_IOMMU_H */
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
> index ff5a6ce..2738aa4 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
> @@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
> #include <asm/kdump.h>
> #include <asm/fadump.h>
> #include <asm/vio.h>
> +#include <asm/tce.h>
>
> #define DBG(...)
>
> @@ -856,3 +857,188 @@ void iommu_free_coherent(struct iommu_table *tbl, size_t size,
> free_pages((unsigned long)vaddr, get_order(size));
> }
> }
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
> +/*
> + * SPAPR TCE API
> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * Returns the number of used IOMMU pages (4K) within
> + * the same system page (4K or 64K).
> + * bitmap_weight is not used as it does not support bigendian maps.
> + */
> +static int syspage_weight(unsigned long *map, unsigned long entry)
> +{
> + int ret = 0, nbits = PAGE_SIZE/IOMMU_PAGE_SIZE;
> +
> + /* Aligns TCE entry number to system page boundary */
> + entry &= PAGE_MASK >> IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT;
> +
> + /* Count used 4K pages */
> + while (nbits--)
> + ret += (test_bit(entry++, map) == 0) ? 0 : 1;
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void tce_flush(struct iommu_table *tbl)
> +{
> + /* Flush/invalidate TLB caches if necessary */
> + if (ppc_md.tce_flush)
> + ppc_md.tce_flush(tbl);
> +
> + /* Make sure updates are seen by hardware */
> + mb();
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * iommu_clear_tces clears tces and returned the number of system pages
> + * which it called put_page() on
> + */
> +static long clear_tces_nolock(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry,
> + unsigned long pages)
> +{
> + int i, retpages = 0;
> + unsigned long oldtce, oldweight;
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < pages; ++i) {
> + oldtce = ppc_md.tce_get(tbl, entry + i);
> + ppc_md.tce_free(tbl, entry + i, 1);
> +
> + oldweight = syspage_weight(tbl->it_map, entry);
> + __clear_bit(entry - tbl->it_offset, tbl->it_map);
> +
> + if (!(oldtce & (TCE_PCI_WRITE | TCE_PCI_READ)))
> + continue;

Could this happen earlier, above syspage_weight() and __clear_bit()?

> +
> + page = pfn_to_page(oldtce >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +
> + WARN_ON(!page);
> + if (!page)
> + continue;
> +
> + if (oldtce & TCE_PCI_WRITE)
> + SetPageDirty(page);
> +
> + put_page(page);
> +
> + /* That was the last IOMMU page within the system page */
> + if ((oldweight == 1) && !syspage_weight(tbl->it_map, entry))
> + ++retpages;

If you used __test_and_clear_bit() above I think you could avoid this
2nd call to syspage_weight. A minor optimization though.

> + }
> +
> + return retpages;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * iommu_clear_tces clears tces and returned the number
> + / of released system pages
> + */

Something bad happened to your comments here.

> +long iommu_clear_tces(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry,
> + unsigned long pages)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct iommu_pool *pool = get_pool(tbl, entry);
> +
> + spin_lock(&(pool->lock));
> + ret = clear_tces_nolock(tbl, entry, pages);
> + tce_flush(tbl);
> + spin_unlock(&(pool->lock));
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_clear_tces);
> +
> +static int put_tce(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry,
> + uint64_t tce, enum dma_data_direction direction)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct page *page = NULL;
> + unsigned long kva, offset, oldweight;
> +
> + /* Map new TCE */
> + offset = (tce & IOMMU_PAGE_MASK) - (tce & PAGE_MASK);

Maybe the compiler will figure this out, but isn't this the same as tce
& (IOMMU_PAGE_MASK & PAGE_MASK)?

> + ret = get_user_pages_fast(tce & PAGE_MASK, 1,
> + direction != DMA_TO_DEVICE, &page);
> + if (ret < 1) {

Probably (ret != 1) here or else we never get to your >1 case below.

> + printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: get_user_pages_fast failed tce=%llx ioba=%lx ret=%d\n",
> + tce, entry << IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT, ret);

Use pr_err

> + if (!ret || (ret > 1))

Then (ret >= 0) here. Or return (ret >= 0) ? -EFAULT : ret

> + ret = -EFAULT;
> + return ret;
> + }

You're missing the code from x86 that handles mapping mmap'd ranges.
This is intended to allow peer-to-peer DMA between devices. Is that
intentional?

> +
> + kva = (unsigned long) page_address(page);
> + kva += offset;
> +
> + /* tce_build receives a virtual address */
> + entry += tbl->it_offset; /* Offset into real TCE table */

Here's what makes me call the entry "relative" rather than zero-based.
The iova is relative to the start of dma32_window_start, ie. if the
window starts at bus address 512MB and I want to create a translation at
bus address 512MB, I pass in an iova of 0, right? The above adds the
window offset. So you've removed dma64 window, but we really need to
define iova better.

> + ret = ppc_md.tce_build(tbl, entry, 1, kva, direction, NULL);
> +
> + /* tce_build() only returns non-zero for transient errors */
> + if (unlikely(ret)) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: tce_put failed on tce=%llx ioba=%lx kva=%lx ret=%d\n",
> + tce, entry << IOMMU_PAGE_SHIFT, kva, ret);

Use pr_err

> + put_page(page);
> + return -EIO;
> + }
> +
> + /* Calculate if new system page has been locked */
> + oldweight = syspage_weight(tbl->it_map, entry);
> + __set_bit(entry - tbl->it_offset, tbl->it_map);
> +
> + return (oldweight == 0) ? 1 : 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * iommu_put_tces builds tces and returned the number of actually
> + * locked system pages
> + */
> +long iommu_put_tces(struct iommu_table *tbl, unsigned long entry,
> + uint64_t tce, enum dma_data_direction direction,
> + unsigned long pages)
> +{
> + int i, ret = 0, retpages = 0;
> + struct iommu_pool *pool = get_pool(tbl, entry);
> +
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(PAGE_SIZE < IOMMU_PAGE_SIZE);
> + BUG_ON(direction == DMA_NONE);

This doesn't seem BUG worthy, -EINVAL? We can't assume tce_iommu_ioctl
will always be the only caller of this function.

> +
> + spin_lock(&(pool->lock));
> +
> + /* Check if any is in use */
> + for (i = 0; i < pages; ++i) {
> + unsigned long oldtce = ppc_md.tce_get(tbl, entry + i);
> + if ((oldtce & (TCE_PCI_WRITE | TCE_PCI_READ)) ||
> + test_bit(entry + i, tbl->it_map)) {
> + WARN_ON(test_bit(entry + i, tbl->it_map));

The WARN_ON seems to confirm that these are redundant tests, does that
imply we don't trust it_map? It would be a lot faster if we could rely
on it_map exclusively here.

> + spin_unlock(&(pool->lock));
> + return -EBUSY;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /* Put tces to the table */
> + for (i = 0; (i < pages) && (ret >= 0); ++i, tce += IOMMU_PAGE_SIZE) {
> + ret = put_tce(tbl, entry + i, tce, direction);
> + if (ret == 1)
> + ++retpages;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * If failed, release locked pages, otherwise return the number
> + * of locked system pages
> + */
> + if (ret < 0)
> + clear_tces_nolock(tbl, entry, i);
> + else
> + ret = retpages;
> +
> + tce_flush(tbl);
> + spin_unlock(&(pool->lock));
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_put_tces);
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
> index 05205cf..21250ef 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pci.c
> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
> #include <linux/irq.h>
> #include <linux/io.h>
> #include <linux/msi.h>
> +#include <linux/iommu.h>
>
> #include <asm/sections.h>
> #include <asm/io.h>
> @@ -613,3 +614,137 @@ void __init pnv_pci_init(void)
> ppc_md.teardown_msi_irqs = pnv_teardown_msi_irqs;
> #endif
> }
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_API
> +/*
> + * IOMMU groups support required by VFIO
> + */
> +static int add_device(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct iommu_table *tbl;
> + int ret = 0;
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(dev->iommu_group)) {
> + printk(KERN_WARNING "tce_vfio: device %s is already in iommu group %d, skipping\n",
> + dev_name(dev),
> + iommu_group_id(dev->iommu_group));

Use pr_warn

> + return -EBUSY;
> + }
> +
> + tbl = get_iommu_table_base(dev);
> + if (!tbl) {
> + pr_debug("tce_vfio: skipping device %s with no tbl\n",
> + dev_name(dev));
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + pr_debug("tce_vfio: adding %s to iommu group %d\n",
> + dev_name(dev), iommu_group_id(tbl->it_group));
> +
> + ret = iommu_group_add_device(tbl->it_group, dev);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + printk(KERN_ERR "tce_vfio: %s has not been added, ret=%d\n",
> + dev_name(dev), ret);

Use pr_err

> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void del_device(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + iommu_group_remove_device(dev);
> +}
> +
> +static int iommu_bus_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
> + unsigned long action, void *data)
> +{
> + struct device *dev = data;
> +
> + switch (action) {
> + case BUS_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE:
> + return add_device(dev);
> + case BUS_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE:
> + del_device(dev);
> + return 0;
> + default:
> + return 0;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static struct notifier_block tce_iommu_bus_nb = {
> + .notifier_call = iommu_bus_notifier,
> +};
> +
> +static void group_release(void *iommu_data)
> +{
> + struct iommu_table *tbl = iommu_data;
> + tbl->it_group = NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static int __init tce_iommu_init(void)
> +{
> + struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
> + struct iommu_table *tbl;
> + struct iommu_group *grp;
> +
> + /* Allocate and initialize IOMMU groups */
> + for_each_pci_dev(pdev) {
> + tbl = get_iommu_table_base(&pdev->dev);
> + if (!tbl)
> + continue;
> +
> + /* Skip already initialized */
> + if (tbl->it_group)
> + continue;
> +
> + grp = iommu_group_alloc();
> + if (IS_ERR(grp)) {
> + printk(KERN_INFO "tce_vfio: cannot create "
> + "new IOMMU group, ret=%ld\n",
> + PTR_ERR(grp));

Use pr_info

> + return PTR_ERR(grp);
> + }
> + tbl->it_group = grp;
> + iommu_group_set_iommudata(grp, tbl, group_release);
> + }
> +
> + bus_register_notifier(&pci_bus_type, &tce_iommu_bus_nb);
> +
> + /* Add PCI devices to VFIO groups */
> + for_each_pci_dev(pdev)
> + add_device(&pdev->dev);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit tce_iommu_cleanup(void)
> +{
> + struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
> + struct iommu_table *tbl;
> + struct iommu_group *grp = NULL;
> +
> + bus_unregister_notifier(&pci_bus_type, &tce_iommu_bus_nb);
> +
> + /* Delete PCI devices from VFIO groups */
> + for_each_pci_dev(pdev)
> + del_device(&pdev->dev);
> +
> + /* Release VFIO groups */
> + for_each_pci_dev(pdev) {
> + tbl = get_iommu_table_base(&pdev->dev);
> + if (!tbl)
> + continue;
> + grp = tbl->it_group;
> +
> + /* Skip (already) uninitialized */
> + if (!grp)
> + continue;
> +
> + /* Do actual release, group_release() is expected to work */
> + iommu_group_put(grp);
> + BUG_ON(tbl->it_group);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +module_init(tce_iommu_init);
> +module_exit(tce_iommu_cleanup);
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> index 9f69b56..29d11dc 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
> @@ -187,4 +187,12 @@ config EXYNOS_IOMMU_DEBUG
>
> Say N unless you need kernel log message for IOMMU debugging
>
> +config SPAPR_TCE_IOMMU
> + bool "sPAPR TCE IOMMU Support"
> + depends on PPC_POWERNV
> + select IOMMU_API
> + help
> + Enables bits of IOMMU API required by VFIO. The iommu_ops is
> + still not implemented.
> +
> endif # IOMMU_SUPPORT

Thanks,

Alex



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