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Subject[PATCH v3 06/11] x86/xen: Add i386 kexec/kdump implementation
Date
Add i386 kexec/kdump implementation.

v2 - suggestions/fixes:
- allocate transition page table pages below 4 GiB
(suggested by Jan Beulich).

Signed-off-by: Daniel Kiper <daniel.kiper@oracle.com>
---
arch/x86/xen/machine_kexec_32.c | 226 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/xen/relocate_kernel_32.S | 323 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 549 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/xen/machine_kexec_32.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/xen/relocate_kernel_32.S

diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/machine_kexec_32.c b/arch/x86/xen/machine_kexec_32.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..011a5e8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/machine_kexec_32.c
@@ -0,0 +1,226 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 Daniel Kiper
+ * Copyright (c) 2012 Daniel Kiper, Oracle Corporation
+ *
+ * kexec/kdump implementation for Xen was written by Daniel Kiper.
+ * Initial work on it was sponsored by Google under Google Summer
+ * of Code 2011 program and Citrix. Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk from Oracle
+ * was the mentor for this project.
+ *
+ * Some ideas are taken from:
+ * - native kexec/kdump implementation,
+ * - kexec/kdump implementation for Xen Linux Kernel Ver. 2.6.18,
+ * - PV-GRUB.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kexec.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+
+#include <xen/xen.h>
+#include <xen/xen-ops.h>
+
+#include <asm/xen/hypercall.h>
+#include <asm/xen/kexec.h>
+#include <asm/xen/page.h>
+
+#define __ma(vaddr) (virt_to_machine(vaddr).maddr)
+
+static void *alloc_pgtable_page(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+
+ page = firmware_kimage_alloc_control_pages(image, 0);
+
+ if (!page || !page_address(page))
+ return NULL;
+
+ memset(page_address(page), 0, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ return page_address(page);
+}
+
+static int alloc_transition_pgtable(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ image->arch.pgd = alloc_pgtable_page(image);
+
+ if (!image->arch.pgd)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ image->arch.pmd0 = alloc_pgtable_page(image);
+
+ if (!image->arch.pmd0)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ image->arch.pmd1 = alloc_pgtable_page(image);
+
+ if (!image->arch.pmd1)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ image->arch.pte0 = alloc_pgtable_page(image);
+
+ if (!image->arch.pte0)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ image->arch.pte1 = alloc_pgtable_page(image);
+
+ if (!image->arch.pte1)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct page *mf_kexec_kimage_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask,
+ unsigned int order,
+ unsigned long limit)
+{
+ struct page *pages;
+ unsigned int address_bits, i;
+
+ pages = alloc_pages(gfp_mask, order);
+
+ if (!pages)
+ return NULL;
+
+ address_bits = (limit == ULONG_MAX) ? BITS_PER_LONG : ilog2(limit);
+
+ /* Relocate set of pages below given limit. */
+ if (xen_create_contiguous_region((unsigned long)page_address(pages),
+ order, address_bits)) {
+ __free_pages(pages, order);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ BUG_ON(PagePrivate(pages));
+
+ pages->mapping = NULL;
+ set_page_private(pages, order);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < (1 << order); ++i)
+ SetPageReserved(pages + i);
+
+ return pages;
+}
+
+void mf_kexec_kimage_free_pages(struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned int i, order;
+
+ order = page_private(page);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < (1 << order); ++i)
+ ClearPageReserved(page + i);
+
+ xen_destroy_contiguous_region((unsigned long)page_address(page), order);
+ __free_pages(page, order);
+}
+
+unsigned long mf_kexec_page_to_pfn(struct page *page)
+{
+ return pfn_to_mfn(page_to_pfn(page));
+}
+
+struct page *mf_kexec_pfn_to_page(unsigned long mfn)
+{
+ return pfn_to_page(mfn_to_pfn(mfn));
+}
+
+unsigned long mf_kexec_virt_to_phys(volatile void *address)
+{
+ return virt_to_machine(address).maddr;
+}
+
+void *mf_kexec_phys_to_virt(unsigned long address)
+{
+ return phys_to_virt(machine_to_phys(XMADDR(address)).paddr);
+}
+
+int mf_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP
+ if (image->preserve_context) {
+ pr_info_once("kexec: Context preservation is not "
+ "supported in Xen domains.\n");
+ return -ENOSYS;
+ }
+#endif
+
+ return alloc_transition_pgtable(image);
+}
+
+int mf_kexec_load(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ void *control_page;
+ struct xen_kexec_load xkl = {};
+
+ /* Image is unloaded, nothing to do. */
+ if (!image)
+ return 0;
+
+ control_page = page_address(image->control_code_page);
+ memcpy(control_page, xen_relocate_kernel, xen_kexec_control_code_size);
+
+ xkl.type = image->type;
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_CONTROL_PAGE] = __ma(control_page);
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_TABLE_PAGE] = 0; /* Unused. */
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_PGD_PAGE] = __ma(image->arch.pgd);
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_PUD0_PAGE] = 0; /* Unused. */
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_PUD1_PAGE] = 0; /* Unused. */
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_PMD0_PAGE] = __ma(image->arch.pmd0);
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_PMD1_PAGE] = __ma(image->arch.pmd1);
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_PTE0_PAGE] = __ma(image->arch.pte0);
+ xkl.image.page_list[XK_MA_PTE1_PAGE] = __ma(image->arch.pte1);
+ xkl.image.indirection_page = image->head;
+ xkl.image.start_address = image->start;
+
+ return HYPERVISOR_kexec_op(KEXEC_CMD_kexec_load, &xkl);
+}
+
+void mf_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
+{
+}
+
+void mf_kexec_unload(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ int rc;
+ struct xen_kexec_load xkl = {};
+
+ if (!image)
+ return;
+
+ xkl.type = image->type;
+ rc = HYPERVISOR_kexec_op(KEXEC_CMD_kexec_unload, &xkl);
+
+ WARN(rc, "kexec: %s: HYPERVISOR_kexec_op(): %i\n", __func__, rc);
+}
+
+void mf_kexec_shutdown(void)
+{
+}
+
+void mf_kexec(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ int rc;
+ struct xen_kexec_exec xke = {};
+
+ xke.type = image->type;
+ rc = HYPERVISOR_kexec_op(KEXEC_CMD_kexec, &xke);
+
+ pr_emerg("kexec: %s: HYPERVISOR_kexec_op(): %i\n", __func__, rc);
+ BUG();
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/relocate_kernel_32.S b/arch/x86/xen/relocate_kernel_32.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0e81830
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/relocate_kernel_32.S
@@ -0,0 +1,323 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2002-2005 Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 Daniel Kiper
+ * Copyright (c) 2012 Daniel Kiper, Oracle Corporation
+ *
+ * kexec/kdump implementation for Xen was written by Daniel Kiper.
+ * Initial work on it was sponsored by Google under Google Summer
+ * of Code 2011 program and Citrix. Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk from Oracle
+ * was the mentor for this project.
+ *
+ * Some ideas are taken from:
+ * - native kexec/kdump implementation,
+ * - kexec/kdump implementation for Xen Linux Kernel Ver. 2.6.18,
+ * - PV-GRUB.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either veesion 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later veesion.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <asm/cache.h>
+#include <asm/page_types.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable_types.h>
+#include <asm/processor-flags.h>
+
+#include <asm/xen/kexec.h>
+
+#define ARG_INDIRECTION_PAGE 0x4
+#define ARG_PAGE_LIST 0x8
+#define ARG_START_ADDRESS 0xc
+
+#define PTR(x) (x << 2)
+
+ .text
+ .align PAGE_SIZE
+ .globl xen_kexec_control_code_size, xen_relocate_kernel
+
+xen_relocate_kernel:
+ /*
+ * Must be relocatable PIC code callable as a C function.
+ *
+ * This function is called by Xen but here hypervisor is dead.
+ * We are playing on bare metal.
+ *
+ * Every machine address passed to this function through
+ * page_list (e.g. XK_MA_CONTROL_PAGE) is established
+ * by dom0 during kexec load phase.
+ *
+ * Every virtual address passed to this function through page_list
+ * (e.g. XK_VA_CONTROL_PAGE) is established by hypervisor during
+ * HYPERVISOR_kexec_op(KEXEC_CMD_kexec_load) hypercall.
+ *
+ * 0x4(%esp) - indirection_page,
+ * 0x8(%esp) - page_list,
+ * 0xc(%esp) - start_address,
+ * 0x10(%esp) - cpu_has_pae (ignored),
+ * 0x14(%esp) - preserve_context (ignored).
+ */
+
+ /* Zero out flags, and disable interrupts. */
+ pushl $0
+ popfl
+
+ /* Get page_list address. */
+ movl ARG_PAGE_LIST(%esp), %esi
+
+ /*
+ * Map the control page at its virtual address
+ * in transition page table.
+ */
+ movl PTR(XK_VA_CONTROL_PAGE)(%esi), %eax
+
+ /* Get PGD address and PGD entry index. */
+ movl PTR(XK_VA_PGD_PAGE)(%esi), %ebx
+ movl %eax, %ecx
+ shrl $PGDIR_SHIFT, %ecx
+ andl $(PTRS_PER_PGD - 1), %ecx
+
+ /* Fill PGD entry with PMD0 reference. */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_PMD0_PAGE)(%esi), %edx
+ orl $_PAGE_PRESENT, %edx
+ movl %edx, (%ebx, %ecx, 8)
+
+ /* Get PMD0 address and PMD0 entry index. */
+ movl PTR(XK_VA_PMD0_PAGE)(%esi), %ebx
+ movl %eax, %ecx
+ shrl $PMD_SHIFT, %ecx
+ andl $(PTRS_PER_PMD - 1), %ecx
+
+ /* Fill PMD0 entry with PTE0 reference. */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_PTE0_PAGE)(%esi), %edx
+ orl $_KERNPG_TABLE, %edx
+ movl %edx, (%ebx, %ecx, 8)
+
+ /* Get PTE0 address and PTE0 entry index. */
+ movl PTR(XK_VA_PTE0_PAGE)(%esi), %ebx
+ movl %eax, %ecx
+ shrl $PAGE_SHIFT, %ecx
+ andl $(PTRS_PER_PTE - 1), %ecx
+
+ /* Fill PTE0 entry with control page reference. */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_CONTROL_PAGE)(%esi), %edx
+ orl $__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC, %edx
+ movl %edx, (%ebx, %ecx, 8)
+
+ /*
+ * Identity map the control page at its machine address
+ * in transition page table.
+ */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_CONTROL_PAGE)(%esi), %eax
+
+ /* Get PGD address and PGD entry index. */
+ movl PTR(XK_VA_PGD_PAGE)(%esi), %ebx
+ movl %eax, %ecx
+ shrl $PGDIR_SHIFT, %ecx
+ andl $(PTRS_PER_PGD - 1), %ecx
+
+ /* Fill PGD entry with PMD1 reference. */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_PMD1_PAGE)(%esi), %edx
+ orl $_PAGE_PRESENT, %edx
+ movl %edx, (%ebx, %ecx, 8)
+
+ /* Get PMD1 address and PMD1 entry index. */
+ movl PTR(XK_VA_PMD1_PAGE)(%esi), %ebx
+ movl %eax, %ecx
+ shrl $PMD_SHIFT, %ecx
+ andl $(PTRS_PER_PMD - 1), %ecx
+
+ /* Fill PMD1 entry with PTE1 reference. */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_PTE1_PAGE)(%esi), %edx
+ orl $_KERNPG_TABLE, %edx
+ movl %edx, (%ebx, %ecx, 8)
+
+ /* Get PTE1 address and PTE1 entry index. */
+ movl PTR(XK_VA_PTE1_PAGE)(%esi), %ebx
+ movl %eax, %ecx
+ shrl $PAGE_SHIFT, %ecx
+ andl $(PTRS_PER_PTE - 1), %ecx
+
+ /* Fill PTE1 entry with control page reference. */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_CONTROL_PAGE)(%esi), %edx
+ orl $__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC, %edx
+ movl %edx, (%ebx, %ecx, 8)
+
+ /*
+ * Get machine address of control page now.
+ * This is impossible after page table switch.
+ */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_CONTROL_PAGE)(%esi), %ebx
+
+ /* Get machine address of transition page table now too. */
+ movl PTR(XK_MA_PGD_PAGE)(%esi), %ecx
+
+ /* Get start_address too. */
+ movl ARG_START_ADDRESS(%esp), %edx
+
+ /* Get indirection_page address too. */
+ movl ARG_INDIRECTION_PAGE(%esp), %edi
+
+ /* Switch to transition page table. */
+ movl %ecx, %cr3
+
+ /* Load IDT. */
+ lidtl (idt_48 - xen_relocate_kernel)(%ebx)
+
+ /* Load GDT. */
+ leal (gdt - xen_relocate_kernel)(%ebx), %eax
+ movl %eax, (gdt_48 - xen_relocate_kernel + 2)(%ebx)
+ lgdtl (gdt_48 - xen_relocate_kernel)(%ebx)
+
+ /* Load data segment registers. */
+ movl $(gdt_ds - gdt), %eax
+ movl %eax, %ds
+ movl %eax, %es
+ movl %eax, %fs
+ movl %eax, %gs
+ movl %eax, %ss
+
+ /* Setup a new stack at the end of machine address of control page. */
+ leal PAGE_SIZE(%ebx), %esp
+
+ /* Store start_address on the stack. */
+ pushl %edx
+
+ /* Jump to identity mapped page. */
+ pushl $0
+ pushl $(gdt_cs - gdt)
+ addl $(identity_mapped - xen_relocate_kernel), %ebx
+ pushl %ebx
+ iretl
+
+identity_mapped:
+ /*
+ * Set %cr0 to a known state:
+ * - disable alignment check,
+ * - disable floating point emulation,
+ * - disable paging,
+ * - no task switch,
+ * - disable write protect,
+ * - enable protected mode.
+ */
+ movl %cr0, %eax
+ andl $~(X86_CR0_AM | X86_CR0_EM | X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_TS | X86_CR0_WP), %eax
+ orl $(X86_CR0_PE), %eax
+ movl %eax, %cr0
+
+ /* Set %cr4 to a known state. */
+ xorl %eax, %eax
+ movl %eax, %cr4
+
+ jmp 1f
+
+1:
+ /* Flush the TLB (needed?). */
+ movl %eax, %cr3
+
+ /* Do the copies. */
+ movl %edi, %ecx /* Put the indirection_page in %ecx. */
+ xorl %edi, %edi
+ xorl %esi, %esi
+ jmp 1f
+
+0:
+ /*
+ * Top, read another doubleword from the indirection page.
+ * Indirection page is an array which contains source
+ * and destination address pairs. If all pairs could
+ * not fit in one page then at the end of given
+ * indirection page is pointer to next one.
+ * Copy is stopped when done indicator
+ * is found in indirection page.
+ */
+ movl (%ebx), %ecx
+ addl $4, %ebx
+
+1:
+ testl $0x1, %ecx /* Is it a destination page? */
+ jz 2f
+
+ movl %ecx, %edi
+ andl $PAGE_MASK, %edi
+ jmp 0b
+
+2:
+ testl $0x2, %ecx /* Is it an indirection page? */
+ jz 2f
+
+ movl %ecx, %ebx
+ andl $PAGE_MASK, %ebx
+ jmp 0b
+
+2:
+ testl $0x4, %ecx /* Is it the done indicator? */
+ jz 2f
+ jmp 3f
+
+2:
+ testl $0x8, %ecx /* Is it the source indicator? */
+ jz 0b /* Ignore it otherwise. */
+
+ movl %ecx, %esi
+ andl $PAGE_MASK, %esi
+ movl $1024, %ecx
+
+ /* Copy page. */
+ rep movsl
+ jmp 0b
+
+3:
+ /*
+ * To be certain of avoiding problems with self-modifying code
+ * I need to execute a serializing instruction here.
+ * So I flush the TLB by reloading %cr3 here, it's handy,
+ * and not processor dependent.
+ */
+ xorl %eax, %eax
+ movl %eax, %cr3
+
+ /*
+ * Set all of the registers to known values.
+ * Leave %esp alone.
+ */
+ xorl %ebx, %ebx
+ xorl %ecx, %ecx
+ xorl %edx, %edx
+ xorl %esi, %esi
+ xorl %edi, %edi
+ xorl %ebp, %ebp
+
+ /* Jump to start_address. */
+ retl
+
+ .align L1_CACHE_BYTES
+
+gdt:
+ .quad 0x0000000000000000 /* NULL descriptor. */
+
+gdt_cs:
+ .quad 0x00cf9a000000ffff /* 4 GiB code segment at 0x00000000. */
+
+gdt_ds:
+ .quad 0x00cf92000000ffff /* 4 GiB data segment at 0x00000000. */
+gdt_end:
+
+gdt_48:
+ .word gdt_end - gdt - 1 /* GDT limit. */
+ .long 0 /* GDT base - filled in by code above. */
+
+idt_48:
+ .word 0 /* IDT limit. */
+ .long 0 /* IDT base. */
+
+xen_kexec_control_code_size:
+ .long . - xen_relocate_kernel
--
1.5.6.5


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