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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/4] block: Optionally snapshot page contents to provide stable pages during write
On Thu 13-12-12 00:08:11, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> Several complaints have been received regarding long file write latencies when
> memory pages must be held stable during writeback. Since it might not be
> acceptable to stall programs for the entire duration of a page write (which may
> take many milliseconds even on good hardware), enable a second strategy wherein
> pages are snapshotted as part of submit_bio; the snapshot can be held stable
> while writes continue.
>
> This provides a band-aid to provide stable page writes on jbd without needing
> to backport the fixed locking scheme in jbd2. A mount option is added to ext4
> to allow administrators to enable it there.
>
> For those wondering about the ext3 bandage -- fixing the jbd locking (which was
> done as part of ext4dev years ago) is a lot of surgery, and setting
> PG_writeback on data pages when we actually hold the page lock dropped ext3
> performance by nearly an order of magnitude. If we're going to migrate iscsi
> and raid to use stable page writes, the complaints about high latency will
> likely return. We might as well centralize their page snapshotting thing to
> one place.
Umm, I kind of like this solution for ext3...

> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index a3f8ddd..78db0e1 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -224,6 +224,16 @@ config BOUNCE
> def_bool y
> depends on BLOCK && MMU && (ZONE_DMA || HIGHMEM)
>
> +# On the 'tile' arch, USB OHCI needs the bounce pool since tilegx will often
> +# have more than 4GB of memory, but we don't currently use the IOTLB to present
> +# a 32-bit address to OHCI. So we need to use a bounce pool instead.
> +#
> +# We also use the bounce pool to provide stable page writes for users that
> +# don't (or can't) afford the wait latency.
> +config NEED_BOUNCE_POOL
> + bool
> + default y if (TILE && USB_OHCI_HCD) || (BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY && (EXT3_FS || EXT4_FS))
> +
This means that NEED_BOUNCE_POOL is going to be enabled on pretty much
any distro kernel...

> config NR_QUICK
> int
> depends on QUICKLIST
> diff --git a/mm/bounce.c b/mm/bounce.c
> index 0420867..fa11935 100644
> --- a/mm/bounce.c
> +++ b/mm/bounce.c
> @@ -178,6 +178,38 @@ static void bounce_end_io_read_isa(struct bio *bio, int err)
> __bounce_end_io_read(bio, isa_page_pool, err);
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_NEED_BOUNCE_POOL
> +static int might_snapshot_stable_page_write(struct bio **bio_orig)
> +{
> + return bio_data_dir(*bio_orig) == WRITE;
> +}
... so might might_snapshot_stable_page_write() will be true for each
write. And thus blk_queue_bounce() becomes considerably more expensive?
Also calling should_snapshot_stable_pages() for every page seems to be
stupid since its result is going to be the same for all the pages in the
bio (well, I could imagine setups where it won't be but do we want to
support them?).

So cannot we just make a function like should_snapshot_stable_pages() to
test whether we really need the bouncing, use it in blk_queue_bounce() and
then pass the information to __blk_queue_bounce() if needed?

Honza

> +static int should_snapshot_stable_pages(struct page *page, int rw)
> +{
> + struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
> + struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
> +
> + if (!mapping)
> + return 0;
> + bdi = mapping->backing_dev_info;
> + if (!bdi_cap_stable_pages_required(bdi))
> + return 0;
> +
> + return mapping->host->i_sb->s_flags & MS_SNAP_STABLE &&
> + rw == WRITE;
> +}
> +#else
> +static int might_snapshot_stable_page_write(struct bio **bio_orig)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int should_snapshot_static_pages(struct page *page, int rw)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_NEED_BOUNCE_POOL */
> +
> static void __blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio_orig,
> mempool_t *pool)
> {
> @@ -192,7 +224,8 @@ static void __blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio_orig,
> /*
> * is destination page below bounce pfn?
> */
> - if (page_to_pfn(page) <= queue_bounce_pfn(q))
> + if (page_to_pfn(page) <= queue_bounce_pfn(q) &&
> + !should_snapshot_stable_pages(page, rw))
> continue;
>
> /*
> @@ -284,7 +317,8 @@ void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio_orig)
> * don't waste time iterating over bio segments
> */
> if (!(q->bounce_gfp & GFP_DMA)) {
> - if (queue_bounce_pfn(q) >= blk_max_pfn)
> + if (queue_bounce_pfn(q) >= blk_max_pfn &&
> + !might_snapshot_stable_page_write(bio_orig))
> return;
> pool = page_pool;
> } else {
> diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
> index 3e4a8cc..fbd8efb 100644
> --- a/mm/page-writeback.c
> +++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
> @@ -2291,6 +2291,10 @@ void wait_for_stable_page(struct page *page)
>
> if (!bdi_cap_stable_pages_required(bdi))
> return;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_NEED_BOUNCE_POOL
> + if (mapping->host->i_sb->s_flags & MS_SNAP_STABLE)
> + return;
> +#endif /* CONFIG_NEED_BOUNCE_POOL */
>
> wait_on_page_writeback(page);
> }
>
--
Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
SUSE Labs, CR


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