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Subject[PATCH v6 18/27] x86, boot: add fields to support load bzImage and ramdisk above 4G
Date
ext_ramdisk_image/size will record high 32bits for ramdisk info.

xloadflags bit0 will be set if relocatable with 64bit.

Let get_ramdisk_image/size to use ext_ramdisk_image/size to get
right positon for ramdisk.

bootloader will fill value to ext_ramdisk_image/size when it load
ramdisk above 4G.

Also bootloader will check if xloadflags bit0 is set to decicde if
it could load ramdisk high above 4G.

sentinel is used to make sure kernel have ext_* valid values set

Update header version to 2.12.

-v2: add ext_cmd_line_ptr for above 4G support.
-v3: update to xloadflags from HPA.
-v4: use fields from bootparam instead setup_header according to HPA.
-v5: add checking for USE_EXT_BOOT_PARAMS
-v6: use sentinel to check if ext_* are valid suggested by HPA.
HPA said:
1. add a field in the uninitialized portion, call it "sentinel";
2. make sure the byte position corresponding to the "sentinel" field is
nonzero in the bzImage file;
3. if the kernel boots up and sentinel is nonzero, erase those fields
that you identified as uninitialized;

Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
Cc: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
---
Documentation/x86/boot.txt | 15 ++++++++++++++-
Documentation/x86/zero-page.txt | 4 ++++
arch/x86/boot/compressed/cmdline.c | 2 ++
arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c | 12 ++++++++++++
arch/x86/boot/header.S | 12 ++++++++++--
arch/x86/boot/setup.ld | 8 +++++++-
arch/x86/include/asm/bootparam.h | 12 +++++++++---
arch/x86/kernel/head64.c | 2 ++
arch/x86/kernel/setup.c | 4 ++++
9 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/boot.txt b/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
index f15cb74..696da56 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
@@ -57,6 +57,9 @@ Protocol 2.10: (Kernel 2.6.31) Added a protocol for relaxed alignment
Protocol 2.11: (Kernel 3.6) Added a field for offset of EFI handover
protocol entry point.

+Protocol 2.12: (Kernel 3.9) Added three fields for loading bzImage and
+ ramdisk above 4G with 64bit in bootparam.
+
**** MEMORY LAYOUT

The traditional memory map for the kernel loader, used for Image or
@@ -182,7 +185,7 @@ Offset Proto Name Meaning
0230/4 2.05+ kernel_alignment Physical addr alignment required for kernel
0234/1 2.05+ relocatable_kernel Whether kernel is relocatable or not
0235/1 2.10+ min_alignment Minimum alignment, as a power of two
-0236/2 N/A pad3 Unused
+0236/2 2.12+ xloadflags Boot protocol option flags
0238/4 2.06+ cmdline_size Maximum size of the kernel command line
023C/4 2.07+ hardware_subarch Hardware subarchitecture
0240/8 2.07+ hardware_subarch_data Subarchitecture-specific data
@@ -581,6 +584,16 @@ Protocol: 2.10+
misaligned kernel. Therefore, a loader should typically try each
power-of-two alignment from kernel_alignment down to this alignment.

+Field name: xloadflags
+Type: modify (obligatory)
+Offset/size: 0x236/2
+Protocol: 2.12+
+
+ This field is a bitmask.
+
+ Bit 0 (read): CAN_BE_LOADED_ABOVE_4G
+ - If 1, kernel/boot_params/cmdline/ramdisk can be above 4g,
+
Field name: cmdline_size
Type: read
Offset/size: 0x238/4
diff --git a/Documentation/x86/zero-page.txt b/Documentation/x86/zero-page.txt
index cf5437d..bc713a5 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/zero-page.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/zero-page.txt
@@ -19,6 +19,9 @@ Offset Proto Name Meaning
090/010 ALL hd1_info hd1 disk parameter, OBSOLETE!!
0A0/010 ALL sys_desc_table System description table (struct sys_desc_table)
0B0/010 ALL olpc_ofw_header OLPC's OpenFirmware CIF and friends
+0C0/004 ALL ext_ramdisk_image ramdisk_image high 32bits
+0C4/004 ALL ext_ramdisk_size ramdisk_size high 32bits
+0C8/004 ALL ext_cmd_line_ptr cmd_line_ptr high 32bits
140/080 ALL edid_info Video mode setup (struct edid_info)
1C0/020 ALL efi_info EFI 32 information (struct efi_info)
1E0/004 ALL alk_mem_k Alternative mem check, in KB
@@ -27,6 +30,7 @@ Offset Proto Name Meaning
1E9/001 ALL eddbuf_entries Number of entries in eddbuf (below)
1EA/001 ALL edd_mbr_sig_buf_entries Number of entries in edd_mbr_sig_buffer
(below)
+1F0/001 ALL sentinel 0: states _ext_* fields are valid
290/040 ALL edd_mbr_sig_buffer EDD MBR signatures
2D0/A00 ALL e820_map E820 memory map table
(array of struct e820entry)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/cmdline.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/cmdline.c
index b4c913c..bffd73b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/cmdline.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/cmdline.c
@@ -17,6 +17,8 @@ static unsigned long get_cmd_line_ptr(void)
{
unsigned long cmd_line_ptr = real_mode->hdr.cmd_line_ptr;

+ cmd_line_ptr |= (u64)real_mode->ext_cmd_line_ptr << 32;
+
return cmd_line_ptr;
}
int cmdline_find_option(const char *option, char *buffer, int bufsize)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
index 88f7ff6..f714576 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
@@ -318,6 +318,16 @@ static void parse_elf(void *output)
free(phdrs);
}

+static void sanitize_real_mode(struct boot_params *real_mode)
+{
+ if (real_mode->sentinel) {
+ /* ext_* fields in boot_params are not valid, clear them */
+ real_mode->ext_ramdisk_image = 0;
+ real_mode->ext_ramdisk_size = 0;
+ real_mode->ext_cmd_line_ptr = 0;
+ }
+}
+
asmlinkage void decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
unsigned char *input_data,
unsigned long input_len,
@@ -325,6 +335,8 @@ asmlinkage void decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
{
real_mode = rmode;

+ sanitize_real_mode(real_mode);
+
if (real_mode->screen_info.orig_video_mode == 7) {
vidmem = (char *) 0xb0000;
vidport = 0x3b4;
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/header.S b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
index 8c132a6..0d5790f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/header.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/header.S
@@ -279,7 +279,7 @@ _start:
# Part 2 of the header, from the old setup.S

.ascii "HdrS" # header signature
- .word 0x020b # header version number (>= 0x0105)
+ .word 0x020c # header version number (>= 0x0105)
# or else old loadlin-1.5 will fail)
.globl realmode_swtch
realmode_swtch: .word 0, 0 # default_switch, SETUPSEG
@@ -369,7 +369,15 @@ relocatable_kernel: .byte 1
relocatable_kernel: .byte 0
#endif
min_alignment: .byte MIN_KERNEL_ALIGN_LG2 # minimum alignment
-pad3: .word 0
+
+xloadflags:
+CAN_BE_LOADED_ABOVE_4G = 1 # If set, the kernel/boot_param/
+ # ramdisk could be loaded above 4g
+#if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) && defined(CONFIG_RELOCATABLE)
+ .word CAN_BE_LOADED_ABOVE_4G
+#else
+ .word 0
+#endif

cmdline_size: .long COMMAND_LINE_SIZE-1 #length of the command line,
#added with boot protocol
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/setup.ld b/arch/x86/boot/setup.ld
index 03c0683..cbfefa8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/setup.ld
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/setup.ld
@@ -13,7 +13,13 @@ SECTIONS
.bstext : { *(.bstext) }
.bsdata : { *(.bsdata) }

- . = 497;
+ /* sentinel: make sure if boot_params from bootloader is right */
+ . = 496;
+ .sentinel : {
+ sentinel = .;
+ BYTE(0xff);
+ }
+
.header : { *(.header) }
.entrytext : { *(.entrytext) }
.inittext : { *(.inittext) }
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/bootparam.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/bootparam.h
index 92862cd..ae2708b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/bootparam.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/bootparam.h
@@ -58,7 +58,9 @@ struct setup_header {
__u32 initrd_addr_max;
__u32 kernel_alignment;
__u8 relocatable_kernel;
- __u8 _pad2[3];
+ __u8 min_alignment;
+ __u16 xloadflags;
+#define CAN_BE_LOADED_ABOVE_4G (1<<0)
__u32 cmdline_size;
__u32 hardware_subarch;
__u64 hardware_subarch_data;
@@ -106,7 +108,10 @@ struct boot_params {
__u8 hd1_info[16]; /* obsolete! */ /* 0x090 */
struct sys_desc_table sys_desc_table; /* 0x0a0 */
struct olpc_ofw_header olpc_ofw_header; /* 0x0b0 */
- __u8 _pad4[128]; /* 0x0c0 */
+ __u32 ext_ramdisk_image; /* 0x0c0 */
+ __u32 ext_ramdisk_size; /* 0x0c4 */
+ __u32 ext_cmd_line_ptr; /* 0x0c8 */
+ __u8 _pad4[116]; /* 0x0cc */
struct edid_info edid_info; /* 0x140 */
struct efi_info efi_info; /* 0x1c0 */
__u32 alt_mem_k; /* 0x1e0 */
@@ -115,7 +120,8 @@ struct boot_params {
__u8 eddbuf_entries; /* 0x1e9 */
__u8 edd_mbr_sig_buf_entries; /* 0x1ea */
__u8 kbd_status; /* 0x1eb */
- __u8 _pad6[5]; /* 0x1ec */
+ __u8 _pad6[4]; /* 0x1ec */
+ __u8 sentinel; /* 0x1f0 */
struct setup_header hdr; /* setup header */ /* 0x1f1 */
__u8 _pad7[0x290-0x1f1-sizeof(struct setup_header)];
__u32 edd_mbr_sig_buffer[EDD_MBR_SIG_MAX]; /* 0x290 */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
index 16eb325..b8b6ad9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head64.c
@@ -55,6 +55,8 @@ static unsigned long get_cmd_line_ptr(void)
{
unsigned long cmd_line_ptr = boot_params.hdr.cmd_line_ptr;

+ cmd_line_ptr |= (u64)boot_params.ext_cmd_line_ptr << 32;
+
return cmd_line_ptr;
}

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
index e636c83..efb33dd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -298,12 +298,16 @@ static u64 __init get_ramdisk_image(void)
{
u64 ramdisk_image = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_image;

+ ramdisk_image |= (u64)boot_params.ext_ramdisk_image << 32;
+
return ramdisk_image;
}
static u64 __init get_ramdisk_size(void)
{
u64 ramdisk_size = boot_params.hdr.ramdisk_size;

+ ramdisk_size |= (u64)boot_params.ext_ramdisk_size << 32;
+
return ramdisk_size;
}

--
1.7.10.4


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