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Subject[PATCH 4/5] mfd: Add ChromeOS EC SPI driver
Date
This uses a SPI bus to talk to the ChromeOS EC. The protocol
is defined by the EC and is fairly simple, with a length byte,
checksum, command byte and version byte (to permit easy creation
of new commands).

Signed-off-by: Simon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>
---
drivers/mfd/Kconfig | 10 +
drivers/mfd/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/mfd/cros_ec_spi.c | 412 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 423 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/mfd/cros_ec_spi.c

diff --git a/drivers/mfd/Kconfig b/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
index 9351614..a435c6f 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
@@ -39,6 +39,16 @@ config MFD_CROS_EC_I2C
a checksum. Failing accesses will be retried three times to
improve reliability.

+config MFD_CROS_EC_SPI
+ tristate "ChromeOS Embedded Controller (SPI)"
+ depends on MFD_CROS_EC && SPI
+
+ ---help---
+ If you say Y here, you get support for talking to the ChromeOS EC
+ through a SPI bus, using a byte-level protocol. Since the EC's
+ response time cannot be guaranteed, we support ignoring
+ 'pre-amble' bytes before the response actually starts.
+
config MFD_88PM800
tristate "Support Marvell 88PM800"
depends on I2C=y && GENERIC_HARDIRQS
diff --git a/drivers/mfd/Makefile b/drivers/mfd/Makefile
index 603912e..fd3f463 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mfd/Makefile
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_SM501) += sm501.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_ASIC3) += asic3.o tmio_core.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_CROS_EC) += cros_ec.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_CROS_EC_I2C) += cros_ec_i2c.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_CROS_EC_SPI) += cros_ec_spi.o

rtsx_pci-objs := rtsx_pcr.o rts5209.o rts5229.o rtl8411.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_RTSX_PCI) += rtsx_pci.o
diff --git a/drivers/mfd/cros_ec_spi.c b/drivers/mfd/cros_ec_spi.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c827498
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mfd/cros_ec_spi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,412 @@
+/*
+ * ChromeOS EC multi-function device (SPI)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Google, Inc
+ *
+ * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
+ * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
+ * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mfd/cros_ec.h>
+#include <linux/mfd/cros_ec_commands.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
+
+
+/* The header byte, which follows the preamble */
+#define EC_MSG_HEADER 0xec
+
+/*
+ * Number of EC preamble bytes we read at a time. Since it takes
+ * about 400-500us for the EC to respond there is not a lot of
+ * point in tuning this. If the EC could respond faster then
+ * we could increase this so that might expect the preamble and
+ * message to occur in a single transaction. However, the maximum
+ * SPI transfer size is 256 bytes, so at 5MHz we need a response
+ * time of perhaps <320us (200 bytes / 1600 bits).
+ */
+#define EC_MSG_PREAMBLE_COUNT 32
+
+/*
+ * We must get a response from the EC in 5ms. This is a very long
+ * time, but the flash write command can take 2-3ms. The EC command
+ * processing is currently not very fast (about 500us). We could
+ * look at speeding this up and making the flash write command a
+ * 'slow' command, requiring a GET_STATUS wait loop, like flash
+ * erase.
+ */
+#define EC_MSG_DEADLINE_MS 5
+
+/*
+ * Time between raising the SPI chip select (for the end of a
+ * transaction) and dropping it again (for the next transaction).
+ * If we go too fast, the EC will miss the transaction. It seems
+ * that 50us is enough with the 16MHz STM32 EC.
+ */
+#define EC_SPI_RECOVERY_TIME_NS (50 * 1000)
+
+/**
+ * struct cros_ec_spi - information about a SPI-connected EC
+ *
+ * @spi: SPI device we are connected to
+ * @last_transfer_ns: time that we last finished a transfer, or 0 if there
+ * if no record
+ */
+struct cros_ec_spi {
+ struct spi_device *spi;
+ s64 last_transfer_ns;
+};
+
+static void debug_packet(struct device *dev, const char *name, u8 *ptr,
+ int len)
+{
+#ifdef DEBUG
+ int i;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s: ", name);
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+ dev_cont(dev, " %02x", ptr[i]);
+#endif
+}
+
+/**
+ * cros_ec_spi_receive_response - Receive a response from the EC.
+ *
+ * This function has two phases: reading the preamble bytes (since if we read
+ * data from the EC before it is ready to send, we just get preamble) and
+ * reading the actual message.
+ *
+ * The received data is placed into ec_dev->din.
+ *
+ * @ec_dev: ChromeOS EC device
+ * @need_len: Number of message bytes we need to read
+ */
+static int cros_ec_spi_receive_response(struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev,
+ int need_len)
+{
+ struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi = ec_dev->priv;
+ struct spi_transfer trans;
+ struct spi_message msg;
+ u8 *ptr, *end;
+ int ret;
+ unsigned long deadline;
+ int todo;
+
+ /* Receive data until we see the header byte */
+ deadline = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(EC_MSG_DEADLINE_MS);
+ do {
+ memset(&trans, '\0', sizeof(trans));
+ trans.cs_change = 1;
+ trans.rx_buf = ptr = ec_dev->din;
+ trans.len = EC_MSG_PREAMBLE_COUNT;
+
+ spi_message_init(&msg);
+ spi_message_add_tail(&trans, &msg);
+ ret = spi_sync(ec_spi->spi, &msg);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(ec_dev->dev, "spi transfer failed: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ for (end = ptr + EC_MSG_PREAMBLE_COUNT; ptr != end; ptr++) {
+ if (*ptr == EC_MSG_HEADER) {
+ dev_dbg(ec_dev->dev, "msg found at %d\n",
+ ptr - ec_dev->din);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (time_after(jiffies, deadline)) {
+ dev_warn(ec_dev->dev, "EC failed to respond in time\n");
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ }
+ } while (ptr == end);
+
+ /*
+ * ptr now points to the header byte. Copy any valid data to the
+ * start of our buffer
+ */
+ todo = end - ++ptr;
+ BUG_ON(todo < 0 || todo > ec_dev->din_size);
+ todo = min(todo, need_len);
+ memmove(ec_dev->din, ptr, todo);
+ ptr = ec_dev->din + todo;
+ dev_dbg(ec_dev->dev, "need %d, got %d bytes from preamble\n",
+ need_len, todo);
+ need_len -= todo;
+
+ /* Receive data until we have it all */
+ while (need_len > 0) {
+ /*
+ * We can't support transfers larger than the SPI FIFO size
+ * unless we have DMA. We don't have DMA on the ISP SPI ports
+ * for Exynos. We need a way of asking SPI driver for
+ * maximum-supported transfer size.
+ */
+ todo = min(need_len, 256);
+ dev_dbg(ec_dev->dev, "loop, todo=%d, need_len=%d, ptr=%d\n",
+ todo, need_len, ptr - ec_dev->din);
+
+ memset(&trans, '\0', sizeof(trans));
+ trans.cs_change = 1;
+ trans.rx_buf = ptr;
+ trans.len = todo;
+ spi_message_init(&msg);
+ spi_message_add_tail(&trans, &msg);
+
+ /* send command to EC and read answer */
+ BUG_ON((u8 *)trans.rx_buf - ec_dev->din + todo >
+ ec_dev->din_size);
+ ret = spi_sync(ec_spi->spi, &msg);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(ec_dev->dev, "spi transfer failed: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ debug_packet(ec_dev->dev, "interim", ptr, todo);
+ ptr += todo;
+ need_len -= todo;
+ }
+
+ dev_dbg(ec_dev->dev, "loop done, ptr=%d\n", ptr - ec_dev->din);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cros_ec_command_spi_xfer - Transfer a message over SPI and receive the reply
+ *
+ * @ec_dev: ChromeOS EC device
+ * @ec_msg: Message to transfer
+ */
+static int cros_ec_command_spi_xfer(struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev,
+ struct cros_ec_msg *ec_msg)
+{
+ struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi = ec_dev->priv;
+ struct spi_transfer trans;
+ struct spi_message msg;
+ int i, len;
+ u8 *ptr;
+ int sum;
+ int ret = 0, final_ret;
+ struct timespec ts;
+
+ len = cros_ec_prepare_tx(ec_dev, ec_msg);
+ dev_dbg(ec_dev->dev, "prepared, len=%d\n", len);
+
+ /* If it's too soon to do another transaction, wait */
+ if (ec_spi->last_transfer_ns) {
+ struct timespec ts;
+ unsigned long delay; /* The delay completed so far */
+
+ ktime_get_ts(&ts);
+ delay = timespec_to_ns(&ts) - ec_spi->last_transfer_ns;
+ if (delay < EC_SPI_RECOVERY_TIME_NS)
+ ndelay(delay);
+ }
+
+ /* Transmit phase - send our message */
+ debug_packet(ec_dev->dev, "out", ec_dev->dout, len);
+ memset(&trans, '\0', sizeof(trans));
+ trans.tx_buf = ec_dev->dout;
+ trans.len = len;
+ trans.cs_change = 1;
+ spi_message_init(&msg);
+ spi_message_add_tail(&trans, &msg);
+ ret = spi_sync(ec_spi->spi, &msg);
+
+ /* Get the response */
+ if (!ret) {
+ ret = cros_ec_spi_receive_response(ec_dev,
+ ec_msg->in_len + EC_MSG_TX_PROTO_BYTES);
+ } else {
+ dev_err(ec_dev->dev, "spi transfer failed: %d\n", ret);
+ }
+
+ /* turn off CS */
+ spi_message_init(&msg);
+ final_ret = spi_sync(ec_spi->spi, &msg);
+ ktime_get_ts(&ts);
+ ec_spi->last_transfer_ns = timespec_to_ns(&ts);
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = final_ret;
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(ec_dev->dev, "spi transfer failed: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* check response error code */
+ ptr = ec_dev->din;
+ if (ptr[0]) {
+ dev_warn(ec_dev->dev, "command 0x%02x returned an error %d\n",
+ ec_msg->cmd, ptr[0]);
+ debug_packet(ec_dev->dev, "in_err", ptr, len);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ len = ptr[1];
+ sum = ptr[0] + ptr[1];
+ if (len > ec_msg->in_len) {
+ dev_err(ec_dev->dev, "packet too long (%d bytes, expected %d)",
+ len, ec_msg->in_len);
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+
+ /* copy response packet payload and compute checksum */
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ sum += ptr[i + 2];
+ if (ec_msg->in_len)
+ ec_msg->in_buf[i] = ptr[i + 2];
+ }
+ sum &= 0xff;
+
+ debug_packet(ec_dev->dev, "in", ptr, len + 3);
+
+ if (sum != ptr[len + 2]) {
+ dev_err(ec_dev->dev,
+ "bad packet checksum, expected %02x, got %02x\n",
+ sum, ptr[len + 2]);
+ return -EBADMSG;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const char *cros_ec_get_name(struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev)
+{
+ struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi = ec_dev->priv;
+
+ return ec_spi->spi->modalias;
+}
+
+static const char *cros_ec_get_phys_name(struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev)
+{
+ struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi = ec_dev->priv;
+
+ return dev_name(&ec_spi->spi->dev);
+}
+
+static struct device *cros_ec_get_parent(struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev)
+{
+ struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi = ec_dev->priv;
+
+ return &ec_spi->spi->dev;
+}
+
+static int __devinit cros_ec_probe_spi(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ struct device *dev = &spi->dev;
+ struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev;
+ struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi;
+ int err;
+
+ spi->bits_per_word = 8;
+ spi->mode = SPI_MODE_0;
+ err = spi_setup(spi);
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
+
+ ec_spi = kzalloc(sizeof(*ec_spi), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (ec_spi == NULL) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ dev_err(dev, "cannot allocate ec_spi\n");
+ goto fail_alloc;
+ }
+ ec_spi->spi = spi;
+ ec_dev = cros_ec_alloc("SPI");
+ if (!ec_dev) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ dev_err(dev, "cannot create cros_ec\n");
+ goto fail_ec_alloc;
+ }
+ spi_set_drvdata(spi, ec_dev);
+ ec_dev->dev = dev;
+ ec_dev->priv = ec_spi;
+ ec_dev->irq = spi->irq;
+ ec_dev->command_xfer = cros_ec_command_spi_xfer;
+ ec_dev->get_name = cros_ec_get_name;
+ ec_dev->get_phys_name = cros_ec_get_phys_name;
+ ec_dev->get_parent = cros_ec_get_parent;
+ ec_dev->din_size = EC_MSG_BYTES + EC_MSG_PREAMBLE_COUNT;
+ ec_dev->dout_size = EC_MSG_BYTES;
+
+ err = cros_ec_register(ec_dev);
+ if (err) {
+ dev_err(dev, "cannot register EC\n");
+ goto fail_register;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+fail_register:
+ cros_ec_free(ec_dev);
+fail_ec_alloc:
+ kfree(ec_spi);
+fail_alloc:
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int __devexit cros_ec_remove_spi(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev;
+ struct cros_ec_spi *ec_spi;
+
+ ec_dev = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
+ ec_spi = ec_dev->priv;
+
+ cros_ec_remove(ec_dev);
+ cros_ec_free(ec_dev);
+ kfree(ec_spi);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
+static int cros_ec_spi_suspend(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ return cros_ec_suspend(ec_dev);
+}
+
+static int cros_ec_spi_resume(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct cros_ec_device *ec_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ return cros_ec_resume(ec_dev);
+}
+#endif
+
+static SIMPLE_DEV_PM_OPS(cros_ec_spi_pm_ops, cros_ec_spi_suspend,
+ cros_ec_spi_resume);
+
+static const struct spi_device_id cros_ec_spi_id[] = {
+ { "cros-ec-spi", 0 },
+ { }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(spi, cros_ec_spi_id);
+
+static struct spi_driver cros_ec_driver_spi = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "cros-ec-spi",
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .pm = &cros_ec_spi_pm_ops,
+ },
+ .probe = cros_ec_probe_spi,
+ .remove = cros_ec_remove_spi,
+ .id_table = cros_ec_spi_id,
+};
+
+module_spi_driver(cros_ec_driver_spi);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ChromeOS EC multi function device (SPI)");
--
1.7.7.3


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