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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 5/5] KVM: x86: improve reexecute_instruction
On Mon, Dec 10, 2012 at 05:14:47PM +0800, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
> The current reexecute_instruction can not well detect the failed instruction
> emulation. It allows guest to retry all the instructions except it accesses
> on error pfn
>
> For example, some cases are nested-write-protect - if the page we want to
> write is used as PDE but it chains to itself. Under this case, we should
> stop the emulation and report the case to userspace
>
> Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 2 +
> arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h | 2 +
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 82 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
> 3 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index dc87b65..8d01c02 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -575,6 +575,8 @@ struct kvm_arch {
> u64 hv_guest_os_id;
> u64 hv_hypercall;
>
> + /* synchronizing reexecute_instruction and page fault path. */
> + u64 page_fault_count;
> #ifdef CONFIG_KVM_MMU_AUDIT
> int audit_point;
> #endif
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h b/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> index 32d77ff..85b8e0e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> @@ -614,6 +614,8 @@ static int FNAME(page_fault)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr, u32 error_code,
> if (mmu_notifier_retry(vcpu->kvm, mmu_seq))
> goto out_unlock;
>
> + vcpu->kvm->arch.page_fault_count++;
> +
> kvm_mmu_audit(vcpu, AUDIT_PRE_PAGE_FAULT);
> kvm_mmu_free_some_pages(vcpu);
> if (!force_pt_level)
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 3796f8c..5677869 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -4756,29 +4756,27 @@ static int handle_emulation_failure(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> static bool reexecute_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2)
> {
> gpa_t gpa = cr2;
> + gfn_t gfn;
> pfn_t pfn;
> - unsigned int indirect_shadow_pages;
> -
> - spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> - indirect_shadow_pages = vcpu->kvm->arch.indirect_shadow_pages;
> - spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> -
> - if (!indirect_shadow_pages)
> - return false;
> + u64 page_fault_count;
> + int emulate;
>
> if (!vcpu->arch.mmu.direct_map) {
> - gpa = kvm_mmu_gva_to_gpa_read(vcpu, cr2, NULL);
> + /*
> + * Write permission should be allowed since only
> + * write access need to be emulated.
> + */
> + gpa = kvm_mmu_gva_to_gpa_write(vcpu, cr2, NULL);
> +
> + /*
> + * If the mapping is invalid in guest, let cpu retry
> + * it to generate fault.
> + */
> if (gpa == UNMAPPED_GVA)
> - return true; /* let cpu generate fault */
> + return true;
> }
>
> - /*
> - * if emulation was due to access to shadowed page table
> - * and it failed try to unshadow page and re-enter the
> - * guest to let CPU execute the instruction.
> - */
> - if (kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gpa_to_gfn(gpa)))
> - return true;
> + gfn = gpa_to_gfn(gpa);
>
> /*
> * Do not retry the unhandleable instruction if it faults on the
> @@ -4786,13 +4784,55 @@ static bool reexecute_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2)
> * retry instruction -> write #PF -> emulation fail -> retry
> * instruction -> ...
> */
> - pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, gpa_to_gfn(gpa));
> - if (!is_error_noslot_pfn(pfn)) {
> - kvm_release_pfn_clean(pfn);
> + pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
> +
> + /*
> + * If the instruction failed on the error pfn, it can not be fixed,
> + * report the error to userspace.
> + */
> + if (is_error_noslot_pfn(pfn))
> + return false;
> +
> + kvm_release_pfn_clean(pfn);
> +
> + /* The instructions are well-emulated on direct mmu. */
> + if (vcpu->arch.mmu.direct_map) {
> + unsigned int indirect_shadow_pages;
> +
> + spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> + indirect_shadow_pages = vcpu->kvm->arch.indirect_shadow_pages;
> + spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> +
> + if (indirect_shadow_pages)
> + kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
> +
> return true;
> }
>
> - return false;
> +again:
> + page_fault_count = ACCESS_ONCE(vcpu->kvm->arch.page_fault_count);
> +
> + /*
> + * The instruction emulation is caused by fault access on cr2.
> + * After unprotect the target page, we call
> + * vcpu->arch.mmu.page_fault to fix the mapping of cr2. If it
> + * return 1, mmu can not fix the mapping, we should report the
> + * error, otherwise it is good to return to guest and let it
> + * re-execute the instruction again.
> + *
> + * page_fault_count is used to avoid the race on other vcpus,
> + * since after we unprotect the target page, other cpu can enter
> + * page fault path and let the page be write-protected again.
> + */
> + kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
> + emulate = vcpu->arch.mmu.page_fault(vcpu, cr2, PFERR_WRITE_MASK, false);
> +
> + /* The page fault path called above can increase the count. */
> + if (page_fault_count + 1 !=
> + ACCESS_ONCE(vcpu->kvm->arch.page_fault_count))
> + goto again;
> +
> + return !emulate;
> }
>
> static bool retry_instruction(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,\

Same comment as before: the only case where it should not attempt to
emulate is when there is a condition which makes it impossible to fix
(the information is available to detect that condition).

The earlier suggestion

"How about recording the gfn number for shadow pages that have been
shadowed in the current pagefault run?"

Was about that.


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