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SubjectRe: flush_to_ldisc accesses tty after free (was: [PATCH 21/21] TTY: move tty buffers to tty_port)
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On Sat, 2012-12-01 at 09:59 -0500, Peter Hurley wrote:
....
> From instrumenting the tty_release() path, it's clear that tty_buffer
> work is still scheduled even after tty_release_ldisc() has run. For
> example, with this patch I get the warning below it.
>
> [Further analysis to follow in subsequent mail...]

[ Please note: this analysis only refers to the pty driver. The
situation with hardware drivers has further complications.]

Firstly, this problem predates Jiri's changes; only because he was
cautious by checking the lifetime of the itty in flush_to_ldisc(), did
he uncover this existing problem.

One example of how it is possible for buffer work to be scheduled even
after tty_release_ldisc() stems from how tty_ldisc_halt() works (or
rather doesn't). (I've snipped out the relevant code from tty_ldisc.c
for annotation below.)

tty_ldisc_halt() has only 2 callers; tty_release_ldisc() and
tty_set_ldisc(). A 3rd code site -- tty_ldisc_hangup() -- has similar
logic.

The idea behind tty_ldisc_halt() is to prevent __future__ use of this
ldisc (since users are required to acquire an ldisc reference via
tty_ldisc_try() -- also below). Annotations are mine.

----------------------------------

static struct tty_ldisc *tty_ldisc_try(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct tty_ldisc *ld;

/* this spin_lock is irrelevant to this discussion */
spin_lock_irqsave(&tty_ldisc_lock, flags);
ld = NULL;

/*
* Atomically test if __new__ ldisc references are
* allowed. Please note, there can be any number of
* existing users (ie., outstanding references).
*/
if (test_bit(TTY_LDISC, &tty->flags))
ld = get_ldisc(tty->ldisc);

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tty_ldisc_lock, flags);
return ld;
}

static int tty_ldisc_halt(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
/* Prevent any __new__ ldisc references from being acquired. */

clear_bit(TTY_LDISC, &tty->flags);

/* Since __existing__ ldisc references can still schedule new
* buffer work (via tty_flip_buffer_push()), the cancellation
* below is pointless. The instant that cancellation completes
* an existing ldisc user can schedule new work.
*
* At a minimum, we must wait for all ldisc references **here**
* rather than **after** cancelling the work.
*/

return cancel_work_sync(&tty->buf.work);
}



**** A special note about locking *****

Locking around tty_ldisc_halt() ...
- does not prevent existing ldisc users from continuing to use the ldisc
- is unnecessary for the 3 'callers' because all 3 are trying to
accomplish the same goal by the same means
- can deadlock. Reference: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/11/21/267

Regards,
Peter Hurley



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