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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 0/5] Add movablecore_map boot option
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On Tue, Nov 27, 2012 at 4:29 PM, Tang Chen <tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> On 11/27/2012 04:00 PM, Bob Liu wrote:
>>
>> Hi Tang,
>>
>> On Fri, Nov 23, 2012 at 6:44 PM, Tang Chen<tangchen@cn.fujitsu.com>
>> wrote:
>>>
>>> [What we are doing]
>>> This patchset provide a boot option for user to specify ZONE_MOVABLE
>>> memory
>>> map for each node in the system.
>>>
>>> movablecore_map=nn[KMG]@ss[KMG]
>>>
>>> This option make sure memory range from ss to ss+nn is movable memory.
>>>
>>>
>>> [Why we do this]
>>> If we hot remove a memroy, the memory cannot have kernel memory,
>>> because Linux cannot migrate kernel memory currently. Therefore,
>>> we have to guarantee that the hot removed memory has only movable
>>> memoroy.
>>>
>>> Linux has two boot options, kernelcore= and movablecore=, for
>>> creating movable memory. These boot options can specify the amount
>>> of memory use as kernel or movable memory. Using them, we can
>>> create ZONE_MOVABLE which has only movable memory.
>>>
>>> But it does not fulfill a requirement of memory hot remove, because
>>> even if we specify the boot options, movable memory is distributed
>>> in each node evenly. So when we want to hot remove memory which
>>> memory range is 0x80000000-0c0000000, we have no way to specify
>>> the memory as movable memory.
>>>
>>
>> Sorry, I'm still not get your idea.
>> Why you need a specify range that is movable?
>> Could you describe the requirement and situation a bit more?
>> Thank you.
>
>
> Hi Liu,
>
> This feature is used in memory hotplug.
>
> In order to implement a whole node hotplug, we need to make sure the
> node contains no kernel memory, because memory used by kernel could
> not be migrated. (Since the kernel memory is directly mapped,
> VA = PA + __PAGE_OFFSET. So the physical address could not be changed.)
>
> User could specify all the memory on a node to be movable, so that the
> node could be hot-removed.
>

Thank you for your explanation. It's reasonable.

But i think it's a bit duplicated with CMA, i'm not sure but maybe we
can combine it with CMA which already in mainline?

> Another approach is like the following:
> movable_node = 1,3-5,8
> This could set all the memory on the nodes to be movable. And the rest
> of memory works as usual. But movablecore_map is more flexible.
>
> Thanks. :)
>
>
>>
>>> So we proposed a new feature which specifies memory range to use as
>>> movable memory.
>>>
>>>
>>> [Ways to do this]
>>> There may be 2 ways to specify movable memory.
>>> 1. use firmware information
>>> 2. use boot option
>>>
>>> 1. use firmware information
>>> According to ACPI spec 5.0, SRAT table has memory affinity structure
>>> and the structure has Hot Pluggable Filed. See "5.2.16.2 Memory
>>> Affinity Structure". If we use the information, we might be able to
>>> specify movable memory by firmware. For example, if Hot Pluggable
>>> Filed is enabled, Linux sets the memory as movable memory.
>>>
>>> 2. use boot option
>>> This is our proposal. New boot option can specify memory range to use
>>> as movable memory.
>>>
>>>
>>> [How we do this]
>>> We chose second way, because if we use first way, users cannot change
>>> memory range to use as movable memory easily. We think if we create
>>> movable memory, performance regression may occur by NUMA. In this case,
>>> user can turn off the feature easily if we prepare the boot option.
>>> And if we prepare the boot optino, the user can select which memory
>>> to use as movable memory easily.
>>>
>>>
>>> [How to use]
>>> Specify the following boot option:
>>> movablecore_map=nn[KMG]@ss[KMG]
>>>
>>> That means physical address range from ss to ss+nn will be allocated as
>>> ZONE_MOVABLE.
>>>
>>> And the following points should be considered.
>>>
>>> 1) If the range is involved in a single node, then from ss to the end of
>>> the node will be ZONE_MOVABLE.
>>> 2) If the range covers two or more nodes, then from ss to the end of
>>> the node will be ZONE_MOVABLE, and all the other nodes will only
>>> have ZONE_MOVABLE.
>>> 3) If no range is in the node, then the node will have no ZONE_MOVABLE
>>> unless kernelcore or movablecore is specified.
>>> 4) This option could be specified at most MAX_NUMNODES times.
>>> 5) If kernelcore or movablecore is also specified, movablecore_map will
>>> have
>>> higher priority to be satisfied.
>>> 6) This option has no conflict with memmap option.
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> Tang Chen (4):
>>> page_alloc: add movable_memmap kernel parameter
>>> page_alloc: Introduce zone_movable_limit[] to keep movable limit for
>>> nodes
>>> page_alloc: Make movablecore_map has higher priority
>>> page_alloc: Bootmem limit with movablecore_map
>>>
>>> Yasuaki Ishimatsu (1):
>>> x86: get pg_data_t's memory from other node
>>>
>>> Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt | 17 +++
>>> arch/x86/mm/numa.c | 11 ++-
>>> include/linux/memblock.h | 1 +
>>> include/linux/mm.h | 11 ++
>>> mm/memblock.c | 15 +++-
>>> mm/page_alloc.c | 216
>>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>>> 6 files changed, 263 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> --
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>>
>>
>
--
Regards,
--Bob


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