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SubjectRe: [ACPIHP PATCH part1 1/4] ACPIHP: introduce a framework for ACPI based system device hotplug
Date
Hi,

On Wednesday, November 07, 2012 12:18:07 AM Jiang Liu wrote:
> Hi Bjorn,
> Thanks for your review and please refer to inlined comments below.
>
> On 11/06/2012 05:05 AM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > On Sat, Nov 3, 2012 at 10:07 AM, Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com> wrote:
> >> Modern high-end servers may support advanced RAS features, such as
> >> system device dynamic reconfiguration. On x86 and IA64 platforms,
> >> system device means processor(CPU), memory device, PCI host bridge
> >> and even computer node.
> >>
> >> The ACPI specifications have provided standard interfaces between
> >> firmware and OS to support device dynamic reconfiguraiton at runtime.
> >> This patch series introduces a new framework for system device
> >> dynamic reconfiguration based on ACPI specification, which will
> >> replace current existing system device hotplug logic embedded in
> >> ACPI processor/memory/container device drivers.
> >>
> >> The new ACPI based hotplug framework is modelled after the PCI hotplug
> >> architecture and target to achieve following goals:
> >> 1) Optimize device configuration order to achieve best performance for
> >> hot-added system devices. For best perforamnce, system device should
> >> be configured in order of memory -> CPU -> IOAPIC/IOMMU -> PCI HB.
> >> 2) Resolve dependencies among hotplug slots. You need first to remove
> >> the memory device before removing a physical processor if a
> >> hotpluggable memory device is connected to a hotpluggable physical
> >> processor.
> >
> > Doesn't the namespace already have a way to communicate these dependencies?

> The namespace could could resolve most dependency issues, but there are still
> several corner cases need special care.
> 1) On a typical Intel Nehalem/Westmere platform, an IOH will be connected to
> two physical processors through QPI. The IOH depends on the two processors.
> And the ACPI namespace is something like:
> /_SB
> |_SCK0
> |_SCK1
> |_PCI1
> 2) For a large system composed up of multiple computer nodes, nodes may have
> dependency on neighbors due to interconnect topology constraints.
>
> So we need to resolve dependency by both evaluating _EDL and analyze ACPI
> namespace topology.

Well, this doesn't explain why we need a new framework.

> >> 3) Provide interface to cancel ongoing hotplug operations. It may take
> >> a very long time to remove a memory device, so provide interface to
> >> cancel the inprogress hotplug operations.
> >> 4) Support new advanced RAS features, such as socket/memory migration.
> >> 5) Provide better user interfaces to access the hotplug functionalities.
> >> 6) Provide a mechanism to detect hotplug slots by checking existence
> >> of ACPI _EJ0 method or by other hardware platform specific methods.
> >
> > I don't know what "hotplug slot" means for ACPI. ACPI allows hotplug
> > of arbitrary devices in the namespace, whether they have EJ0 or not.

> Here "hotplug" slot is an abstraction of receptacles where a group of
> system devices could be attached to, or where we could control a group
> of system devices. It's totally conceptual, may or may not has
> corresponding physical slots.

Can that be called something different from "slot", then, to avoid confusion?

> For example,
> 1) a hotplug slot for a hotpluggable memory board has a physical slot.

So let's call that a "slot" and the abstraction above a "hotplug domain" or
something similar. Because in fact we're talking about hotplug domains,
aren't we?

> 2) a hotplug slot for a non-hotpluggable processor with power control
> capability has no physical slot. (That means you may power on/off a
> physical processor but can't hotplug it at runtime). This case is useful
> for hardware partitioning.

People have been working on this particular thing for years, so I wonder
why you think that your apprach is going to be better here?

> Detecting hotplug slots by checking existence of _EJ0 is the default
> but unreliable way. For a real high-end server with system device
> hotplug capabilities should provide some static ACPI table to describe
> hotplug slots/capabilities. There are some ongoing efforts for that from
> Intel, but not in the public domain yet. So the hotplug slot enumeration
> driver is designed to extensible:)
>
> >> 7) Unify the way to enumerate ACPI based hotplug slots. All hotplug
> >> slots will be enumerated by the enumeration driver (acpihp_slot),
> >> instead of by individual ACPI device drivers.
> >
> > Why do we need to enumerate these "slots" specifically?
> >
> > I think this patch adds things in /sys. It might help if you
> > described what they are.

> There's no standard way in ACPI5.0 to describe system device hotplug slots yet.
> And we want to show user the system device hotplug capabilities even when there
> is no device attached to a slot. In other word, user could now how much
> devices they could connect to the system by hotplugging.

Bjorn probably meant "provide documentation describing the user space interfaces
being introduced". Which in fact is a requirement.

> >> 8) Unify the way to handle ACPI hotplug events. All ACPI hotplug events
> >> for system devices will be handled by a generic ACPI hotplug driver
> >> (acpihp_drv) instead of by individual ACPI device drivers.
> >> 9) Provide better error handling and error recovery.
> >> 10) Trigger hotplug events/operations by software. This feature is useful
> >> for hardware fault management and/or power saving.
> >>
> >> The new framework is composed up of three major components:
> >> 1) A system device hotplug slot enumerator driver, which enumerates
> >> hotplug slots in the system and provides platform specific methods
> >> to control those slots.
> >> 2) A system device hotplug driver, which is a platform independent
> >> driver to manage all hotplug slots created by the slot enumerator.
> >> The hotplug driver implements a state machine for hotplug slots and
> >> provides user interfaces to manage hotplug slots.
> >> 3) Several ACPI device drivers to configure/unconfigure system devices
> >> at runtime.
> >>
> >> To get rid of inter dependengcy between the slot enumerator and hotplug
> >> driver, common code shared by them will be built into the kernel. The
> >> shared code provides some helper routines and a device class named
> >> acpihp_slot_class with following default sysfs properties:
> >> capabilities: RAS capabilities of the hotplug slot
> >> state: current state of the hotplug slot state machine
> >> status: current health status of the hotplug slot
> >> object: ACPI object corresponding to the hotplug slot
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Gaohuai Han <hangaohuai@huawei.com>
> >
> > ...
> >> +static char *acpihp_dev_mem_ids[] = {
> >> + "PNP0C80",
> >> + NULL
> >> +};
> >> +
> >> +static char *acpihp_dev_pcihb_ids[] = {
> >> + "PNP0A03",
> >> + NULL
> >> +};
> >
> > Why should this driver need to know about these PNP IDs? We ought to
> > be able to support hotplug of any device in the namespace, no matter
> > what its ID.

> We need PNP IDs for:
> 1) Give a meaningful name for each slot.
> lrwxrwxrwx CPU00 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU00
> lrwxrwxrwx CPU01 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU01
> lrwxrwxrwx CPU02 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU02
> lrwxrwxrwx CPU03 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU03
> lrwxrwxrwx IOX01 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/IOX01
> lrwxrwxrwx MEM00 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU00/MEM00
> lrwxrwxrwx MEM01 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU00/MEM01
> lrwxrwxrwx MEM02 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU01/MEM02
> lrwxrwxrwx MEM03 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU01/MEM03
> lrwxrwxrwx MEM04 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU02/MEM04
> lrwxrwxrwx MEM05 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU02/MEM05
> lrwxrwxrwx MEM06 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU03/MEM06
> lrwxrwxrwx MEM07 -> ../../../devices/LNXSYSTM:00/acpihp/CPU03/MEM07
>
> 2) Classify system device into groups according to device types, so we could
> configure/unconfigure them in optimal order for performance as:
> memory -> CPU -> IOAPIC -> PCI host bridge
>
> 3) The new hotplug framework are designed to handle system device hotplug,
> and it won't hand IO device hotplug such as PCI etc. So it need to stop
> scanning subtree of PCI host bridges.

Well, we probably need a hotplug domains framework, which the thing you're
proposing seems to be. However, the question is: Why should it cover "system
devices" only?

To me, it looks like such a framework should cover all hotplug devices in the
system, or at least all ACPI-based hotplug devices.

Thanks,
Rafael


--
I speak only for myself.
Rafael J. Wysocki, Intel Open Source Technology Center.


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