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SubjectRe: Linux 2.6.26-rc9 circular lock with uvcvideo on resume from hibernation
 > [ 1132.942569] khubd/2264 is trying to acquire lock:
> [ 1132.942614] (videodev_lock){--..}, at: [<f89e4595>] video_unregister_device+0x15/0x60 [videodev]
> [ 1132.942810]
> [ 1132.942811] but task is already holding lock:
> [ 1132.942890] (&uvc_driver.open_mutex){--..}, at: [<f8a35c09>] uvc_disconnect+0x29/0x50 [uvcvideo]

Thanks very much for the report (and for testing development kernels
with lockdep enabled!). I think the patch below should fix this.

Laurent -- if this patch looks good to you, please forward on for



[PATCH] uvc: Fix possible AB-BA deadlock with videodev_lock and open_mutex

The uvcvideo driver's uvc_v4l2_open() method is called from videodev's
video_open() function, which means it is called with the videodev_lock
mutex held. uvc_v4l2_open() then takes uvc_driver.open_mutex to check
dev->state and avoid racing against a device disconnect, which means
that open_mutex must nest inside videodev_lock.

However uvc_disconnect() takes the open_mutex around setting
dev->state and also around putting its device reference. However, if
uvc_disconnect() ends up dropping the last reference, it will call
uvc_delete(), which calls into the videodev code to unregister its
device, and this will end up taking videodev_lock. This opens a
(unlikely in practice) window for an AB-BA deadlock and also causes a
lockdep warning because of the lock misordering.

Fortunately there is no apparent reason to hold open_mutex when doing
kref_put() in uvc_disconnect(): if uvc_v4l2_open() runs before the
state is set to UVC_DEV_DISCONNECTED, then it will take another
reference to the device and kref_put() won't call uvc_delete; if
uvc_v4l2_open() runs after the state is set, it will run before
uvc_delete(), see the state, and return immediately -- uvc_delete()
does uvc_unregister_video() (and hence video_unregister_device(),
which is synchronized with videodev_lock) as its first thing, so there
is no risk of use-after-free in uvc_v4l2_open().

Bug diagnosed based on a lockdep warning reported by Romano Giannetti

Signed-off-by: Roland Dreier <>
drivers/media/video/uvc/uvc_driver.c | 5 ++---
1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/video/uvc/uvc_driver.c b/drivers/media/video/uvc/uvc_driver.c
index 60ced58..5d60cb3 100644
--- a/drivers/media/video/uvc/uvc_driver.c
+++ b/drivers/media/video/uvc/uvc_driver.c
@@ -1634,11 +1634,10 @@ static void uvc_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
* chance to increase the reference count (kref_get).
- kref_put(&dev->kref, uvc_delete);
+ kref_put(&dev->kref, uvc_delete);

static int uvc_suspend(struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t message)

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