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Subject[PATCH] introduce task cgroup v2

ChangeLog
========================================
v1 -> v2
o implement can_attach() and attach() method.
o remvoe can_fork member from cgroup_subsys.
instead, copy_process() call task_cgroup_can_fork() directly.
o fixed dead lock bug.
o add Documentation/contoroller/task.txt


benefit
========================================
1. prevent fork bomb.

We already have "/prox/sys/kernel/threads-max".
but it isn't perfect solution.
because threads-max prevent any process creation.
then, System-administrator can't login and restore trouble.

task limit cgroup is better solution.
it can prevent fork by network service daemon, but allow fork by interactive process.


2. help implement batch processing

in general, batch processing environment need support #task limit.
this patch help implement it.


usage
========================================

# mount -t cgroup -o task none /dev/cgroup
# mkdir /dev/cgroup/foo
# cd /dev/cgroup/foo
# ls
notify_on_release task.max_tasks task.nr_tasks tasks
# echo 100 > task.max_tasks
# echo $$ > tasks
# fork_bomb 1000 & <- try create 1000 process
# pgrep fork_bomb | wc -l
98


Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
CC: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
CC: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>

---
Documentation/controllers/task.txt | 18 +++
include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h | 4
include/linux/cgroup_task.h | 33 +++++
init/Kconfig | 10 +
kernel/Makefile | 1
kernel/cgroup_task.c | 213 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/fork.c | 4
7 files changed, 283 insertions(+)

Index: b/init/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -289,6 +289,16 @@ config CGROUP_DEBUG

Say N if unsure

+config CGROUP_TASK
+ bool "Simple number of task accounting cgroup subsystem"
+ depends on CGROUPS && EXPERIMENTAL
+ default n
+ help
+ Provides a simple number of task accounting cgroup subsystem for
+ prevent fork bomb.
+
+ Say N if unsure
+
config CGROUP_NS
bool "Namespace cgroup subsystem"
depends on CGROUPS
Index: b/kernel/Makefile
===================================================================
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += kexec.o
obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUPS) += cgroup.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_DEBUG) += cgroup_debug.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_TASK) += cgroup_task.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPUSETS) += cpuset.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_NS) += ns_cgroup.o
obj-$(CONFIG_UTS_NS) += utsname.o
Index: b/kernel/cgroup_task.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/cgroup_task.c
@@ -0,0 +1,213 @@
+/* cgroup_task.c - #task control group
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/cgroup.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/cgroup_task.h>
+
+struct task_cgroup {
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
+ /*
+ * the counter to account for number of thread.
+ */
+ int max_tasks;
+ int nr_tasks;
+
+ spinlock_t lock;
+};
+
+struct cgroup_subsys task_cgroup_subsys __read_mostly;
+
+static inline struct task_cgroup *task_cgroup_from_task(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ return container_of(task_subsys_state(p, task_cgroup_subsys_id),
+ struct task_cgroup, css);
+}
+
+static struct task_cgroup *task_cgroup_from_cgrp(struct cgroup *cgrp)
+{
+ return container_of(cgroup_subsys_state(cgrp,
+ task_cgroup_subsys_id), struct task_cgroup,
+ css);
+}
+
+static int task_cgroup_max_tasks_write(struct cgroup *cgrp,
+ struct cftype *cftype,
+ s64 new_max_tasks)
+{
+ struct task_cgroup *taskcg;
+ int ret = -EBUSY;
+
+ if ((new_max_tasks > INT_MAX) ||
+ (new_max_tasks < -1))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ taskcg = task_cgroup_from_cgrp(cgrp);
+
+ spin_lock(&taskcg->lock);
+ if (taskcg->nr_tasks <= new_max_tasks) {
+ taskcg->max_tasks = new_max_tasks;
+ ret = 0;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&taskcg->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static s64 task_cgroup_max_tasks_read(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft)
+{
+ s64 max_tasks;
+ struct task_cgroup *taskcg = task_cgroup_from_cgrp(cgrp);
+
+ spin_lock(&taskcg->lock);
+ max_tasks = taskcg->max_tasks;
+ spin_unlock(&taskcg->lock);
+
+ return max_tasks;
+}
+
+static s64 task_cgroup_nr_tasks_read(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft)
+{
+ s64 nr_tasks;
+ struct task_cgroup *taskcg = task_cgroup_from_cgrp(cgrp);
+
+ spin_lock(&taskcg->lock);
+ nr_tasks = taskcg->nr_tasks;
+ spin_unlock(&taskcg->lock);
+
+ return nr_tasks;
+}
+
+static struct cftype task_cgroup_files[] = {
+ {
+ .name = "max_tasks",
+ .write_s64 = task_cgroup_max_tasks_write,
+ .read_s64 = task_cgroup_max_tasks_read,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "nr_tasks",
+ .read_s64 = task_cgroup_nr_tasks_read,
+ },
+};
+
+static struct cgroup_subsys_state *task_cgroup_create(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
+ struct cgroup *cgrp)
+{
+ struct task_cgroup *taskcg;
+
+ taskcg = kzalloc(sizeof(struct task_cgroup), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!taskcg)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ taskcg->max_tasks = -1; /* infinite */
+ spin_lock_init(&taskcg->lock);
+
+ return &taskcg->css;
+}
+
+static void task_cgroup_destroy(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cgrp)
+{
+ kfree(cgrp->subsys[task_cgroup_subsys_id]);
+}
+
+
+static int task_cgroup_can_attach(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
+ struct cgroup *cgrp, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ struct task_cgroup *taskcg = task_cgroup_from_cgrp(cgrp);
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ spin_lock(&taskcg->lock);
+ if (taskcg->nr_tasks == taskcg->max_tasks)
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ spin_unlock(&taskcg->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void task_cgroup_attach(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cgrp,
+ struct cgroup *old_cgrp, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ struct task_cgroup *old_taskcg = task_cgroup_from_cgrp(old_cgrp);
+ struct task_cgroup *new_taskcg = task_cgroup_from_cgrp(cgrp);
+
+ spin_lock(&old_taskcg->lock);
+ old_taskcg->nr_tasks--;
+ spin_unlock(&old_taskcg->lock);
+
+ spin_lock(&new_taskcg->lock);
+ new_taskcg->nr_tasks++;
+ spin_unlock(&new_taskcg->lock);
+}
+
+
+static int task_cgroup_populate(struct cgroup_subsys *ss,
+ struct cgroup *cgrp)
+{
+ return cgroup_add_files(cgrp, ss, task_cgroup_files,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(task_cgroup_files));
+}
+
+int task_cgroup_can_fork(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct task_cgroup *taskcg;
+ int max_tasks;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (task_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
+ return 0;
+
+ taskcg = task_cgroup_from_task(task);
+
+ spin_lock(&taskcg->lock);
+ max_tasks = taskcg->max_tasks;
+
+ if ((max_tasks >= 0) &&
+ (taskcg->nr_tasks >= max_tasks))
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ else
+ taskcg->nr_tasks++;
+ spin_unlock(&taskcg->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void task_cgroup_exit(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct task_cgroup *taskcg;
+
+ if (task_cgroup_subsys.disabled)
+ return;
+
+ taskcg = task_cgroup_from_task(task);
+
+ spin_lock(&taskcg->lock);
+ taskcg->nr_tasks--;
+ spin_unlock(&taskcg->lock);
+}
+
+
+struct cgroup_subsys task_cgroup_subsys = {
+ .name = "task",
+ .subsys_id = task_cgroup_subsys_id,
+ .create = task_cgroup_create,
+ .destroy = task_cgroup_destroy,
+ .can_attach = task_cgroup_can_attach,
+ .attach = task_cgroup_attach,
+ .populate = task_cgroup_populate,
+ .exit = task_cgroup_exit,
+ .early_init = 0,
+};
+
Index: b/kernel/fork.c
===================================================================
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -54,6 +54,7 @@
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+#include <linux/cgroup_task.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
@@ -920,6 +921,8 @@ static struct task_struct *copy_process(
p->user != current->nsproxy->user_ns->root_user)
goto bad_fork_free;
}
+ if (task_cgroup_can_fork(p))
+ goto bad_fork_free;

atomic_inc(&p->user->__count);
atomic_inc(&p->user->processes);
@@ -994,6 +997,7 @@ static struct task_struct *copy_process(
p->io_context = NULL;
p->audit_context = NULL;
cgroup_fork(p);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
p->mempolicy = mpol_dup(p->mempolicy);
if (IS_ERR(p->mempolicy)) {
Index: b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
===================================================================
--- a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
@@ -48,3 +48,7 @@ SUBSYS(devices)
#endif

/* */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_TASK
+SUBSYS(task_cgroup)
+#endif
Index: b/include/linux/cgroup_task.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup_task.h
@@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
+/* cgroup_task.h - #task control group
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_CGROUP_TASK_H
+#define _LINUX_CGROUP_TASK_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_TASK
+int task_cgroup_can_fork(struct task_struct *task);
+
+#else /*CONFIG_CGROUP_TASK*/
+
+static inline int task_cgroup_can_fork(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#endif
+
+
+#endif
+
Index: b/Documentation/controllers/task.txt
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/controllers/task.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+Task limit Controller
+
+1. Description
+
+Implement a cgroup to track number of tasks (process and thread).
+this feature is useful for prevent fork bomb attack.
+
+
+2. User Interface
+
+ristrict number of tasks to 100.
+
+ # echo 100 > /cgroups/foo/task.max_tasks
+
+
+display current number of tasks.
+
+ # cat > /cgroups/foo/task.nr_tasks



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