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SubjectRe: [patch 2/5] Reinstate ZERO_PAGE optimization in get_user_pages() and fix XIP

On Mon, 23 Jun 2008, Hugh Dickins wrote:

> On Mon, 23 Jun 2008, Jeff Chua wrote:
> >
> > I can confirm that the 2nd patch from Linus fixed the problem.
> >
> >
> But I'm afraid you've pushed me into taking another look at that
> patch, and I see a problem with it. To be honest, I've lost the
> plot on this issue, and didn't really get what your problem is,
> nor how Linus expected to be fixing it.

The problem is that the old code said:

- we can use FOLL_ANON, assuming that the vma has no vm_ops, or has no
"fault" callback.

That was funcamentally broken. Because you can have a "nopfn" callback.
But it's hard to notice, since the whole FOLL_ANON code only _used_ to
trigger if a whole page table was missing.

The VM_LOCKED test was just crazy, but I doubt it was the cause of the

> The problem is that "insane" VM_LOCKED test which he has removed.
> I've remembered now what that's about: it's for make_pages_present.

That's still crazy. make_pages_present() already does:

write = (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) != 0;

and passes that in to "get_user_pages()". So for a writable mapping, we'll
elide the FOLL_ANON case anyway, and for a read-only mapping we should
have used ZERO_PAGE. Damn. Oh, well.

We can certainly re-instate the insane behaviour for mlock(). Not that we
historically used to - we used to just map in ZERO_PAGE.

> So I think Linus needs to factor that into the final patch,
> whilst at the same time solving whatever is the vmware breakage.

So here's a third patch to test. It removes the VM_SHARED thing just to
get us closer to the original code (and because do_no_page() didn't do it
historically, so let's not do it either), and it re-instates the insane
VM_LOCKED test with a comment.

Jeff, does this still work with vmware?


mm/memory.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
1 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index 9aefaae..a2ce28d 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -1045,6 +1045,23 @@ no_page_table:
return page;

+/* Can we do the FOLL_ANON optimization? */
+static inline int use_zero_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+ /*
+ * We don't want to optimize FOLL_ANON for make_pages_present()
+ * when it tries to page in a VM_LOCKED region.
+ */
+ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
+ return 0;
+ /*
+ * And if we have a fault or a nopfn routine, it's not an
+ * anonymous region.
+ */
+ return !vma->vm_ops ||
+ (!vma->vm_ops->fault && !vma->vm_ops->nopfn);
int get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, int len, int write, int force,
struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas)
@@ -1119,8 +1136,7 @@ int get_user_pages(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
foll_flags = FOLL_TOUCH;
if (pages)
foll_flags |= FOLL_GET;
- if (!write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) &&
- (!vma->vm_ops || !vma->vm_ops->fault))
+ if (!write && use_zero_page(vma))
foll_flags |= FOLL_ANON;

do {

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