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SubjectRe: FIO: kjournald blocked for more than 120 seconds
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On Tue, 2008-06-17 at 10:36 +0200, Jens Axboe wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 17 2008, Zhang, Yanmin wrote:
> > >>-----Original Message-----
> > >>From: Jens Axboe [mailto:jens.axboe@oracle.com]
> > >>Sent: Tuesday, June 17, 2008 3:30 AM
> > >>To: Lin, Ming M
> > >>Cc: Zhang, Yanmin; Linux Kernel Mailing List
> > >>Subject: Re: FIO: kjournald blocked for more than 120 seconds
> > >>
> > >>On Mon, Jun 16 2008, Lin Ming wrote:
> > >>> Hi, Jens
> > >>>
> > >>> When runnig FIO benchmark, kjournald blocked for more than 120
> > seconds.
> > >>> Detailed root cause analysis and proposed solutions as below.
> > >>>
> > >>> Any comment is appreciated.
> > >>>
> > >>> Hardware Environment
> > >>> ---------------------
> > >>> 13 SEAGATE ST373307FC disks in a JBOD, connected by a Qlogic ISP2312
> > >>> Fibe Channel HBA.
> > >>>
> > >>> Bug description
> > >>> ----------------
> > >>> fio vsync random read 4K in 13 disks, 4 processes per disk, fio
> > global
> > >>> paramter as below,
> > >>> Tested 4 IO schedulers, issue is only seen in CFQ.
> > >>>
> > >>> INFO: task kjournald:20558 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> > >>> "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this
> > >>> message.
> > >>> kjournald D ffff810010820978 6712 20558 2
> > >>> ffff81022ddb1d10 0000000000000046 ffff81022e7baa10 ffffffff803ba6f2
> > >>> ffff81022ecd0000 ffff8101e6dc9160 ffff81022ecd0348 000000008048b6cb
> > >>> 0000000000000086 ffff81022c4e8d30 0000000000000000 ffffffff80247537
> > >>> Call Trace:
> > >>> [<ffffffff803ba6f2>] kobject_get+0x12/0x17
> > >>> The disks of my testing machine are tagged devices, so the CFQ idle
> > >>> window is disabled. In other words, the active queue of tagged
> > >>> devices(cfqd->hw_tag=1) never idle for a new request.
> > >>>
> > >>> This causes active queue be expired immediately if it's empty,
> > although
> > >>> it has not run out of time. CFQ will select next queue as active
> > queue.
> > >>> In this testcase, there are thousands of FIO read requests in sync
> > >>> queues, only a few write requests by journal_write_commit_record in
> > >>> async queues.
> > >>>
> > >>> In the other hand, all processes use the default io class and
> > priority.
> > >>> They share the async queue for the same device, but have their own
> > sync
> > >>> queue, so the sync queue number is 4 while asyn queue number is just
> > 1
> > >>> for the same device.
> > >>>
> > >>> So sync queue has much more chances be selected as new active queue
> > than
> > >>> async queue.
> > >>>
> > >>> Sync queues do not idle and they are dispatched all the time. This
> > leads
> > >>> to many unfinished requests in external queue,
> > >>> namely, cfqd->sync_flight > 0.
> > >>>
> > >>> static int cfq_dispatch_requests (...) {
> > >>> ....
> > >>> while ((cfqq = cfq_select_queue(cfqd)) != NULL) {
> > >>> ....
> > >>> if (cfqd->sync_flight && !cfq_cfqq_sync(cfqq))
> > >>> break;
> > >>> ....
> > >>> __cfq_dispatch_requests(cfqq)
> > >>> }
> > >>> ....
> > >>> }
> > >>>
> > >>> When cfq_select_queue selects the async queue which includes
> > kjournald's
> > >>> write request, this selected async queue will never be dispatched
> > since
> > >>> cfqd->sync_flight > 0, so kjournald is blocked.
> > >>>
> > >>> Proposed 3 solutions
> > >>> ------------------
> > >>> 1. Do not check cfqd->sync_flight
> > >>>
> > >>> - if (cfqd->sync_flight && !cfq_cfqq_sync(cfqq))
> > >>> - break;
> > >>>
> > >>> 2. If we do need to check cfqd->sync_flight, then for tagged
> > devices, we
> > >>> should give a little more chances to async queue to be dispatched.
> > >>>
> > >>> @@ -1102,7 +1102,7 @@ static int cfq_dispatch_requests(struct
> > >>> request_queue *q, int force)
> > >>> break;
> > >>> }
> > >>>
> > >>> - if (cfqd->sync_flight && !cfq_cfqq_sync(cfqq))
> > >>> + if (cfqd->sync_flight && !cfq_cfqq_sync(cfqq) && !
> > >>> cfqd->hw_tag)
> > >>> break;
> > >>>
> > >>> 3. Force write request issued by journal_write_commit_record as sync
> > >>> request. As a matter of fact, it looks like most write requests
> > >>> submitted by kjournald is async request. We need convert them to
> > sync
> > >>> requests.
> > >>
> > >>Thanks for the very detailed analysis of the problem, complete with
> > >>suggestions. While I think that any code that does:
> > >>
> > >> submit async io
> > >> wait for it
> > >>
> > >>should be issuing sync IO (or, better, automatically upgrade the
> > request
> > >>from async -> sync), we cannot rely on that.
> > [YM] We can talk case by case. We could convert some important async io
> > codes
> > to sync io codes at least. For example, kjournald calls
> > sync_dirty_buffer what
> > we captured in this case.
>
> I agree, we should fix the obvious cases. My point was merely that there
> will probably always be missed cases, so we should attempt to handle it
> in the scheduler as well. Does the below buffer patch make it any
> better?

Yes, kjournald blocked issue is gone with below patch applied.

Lin Ming

>
> > Another case is writeback. If processes do mmapped I/O and they might
> > stop in
> > page fault to wait writeback finishing. Or a buffer write might trigger
> > a dirty
> > page balance. As the latest kernel is more aggressive to start
> > writeback, it might
> > be an issue now.
>
> Sync process getting stuck in async writeout is another problem of the
> same variety.
>
> diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
> index a073f3f..1957a8f 100644
> --- a/fs/buffer.c
> +++ b/fs/buffer.c
> @@ -2978,7 +2978,7 @@ int sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh)
> if (test_clear_buffer_dirty(bh)) {
> get_bh(bh);
> bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_write_sync;
> - ret = submit_bh(WRITE, bh);
> + ret = submit_bh(WRITE_SYNC, bh);
> wait_on_buffer(bh);
> if (buffer_eopnotsupp(bh)) {
> clear_buffer_eopnotsupp(bh);
>



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