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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/10] Add generic helpers for arch IPI function calls
On Thu, May 29, 2008 at 10:58:15AM +0200, Jens Axboe wrote:
> This adds kernel/smp.c which contains helpers for IPI function calls. In
> addition to supporting the existing smp_call_function() in a more efficient
> manner, it also adds a more scalable variant called smp_call_function_single()
> for calling a given function on a single CPU only.
>
> The core of this is based on the x86-64 patch from Nick Piggin, lots of
> changes since then. "Alan D. Brunelle" <Alan.Brunelle@hp.com> has
> contributed lots of fixes and suggestions as well. Also thanks to
> Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> for reviewing RCU usage
> and getting rid of the data allocation fallback deadlock.

Looks much improved!!! A few suggestions for header comments, and
there appears to be a leftover memory barrier that should now be
removed. With these changes:

Reviewed-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
> ---
> arch/Kconfig | 3 +
> arch/sparc64/kernel/smp.c | 11 +-
> include/linux/smp.h | 34 ++++-
> init/main.c | 2 +
> kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> kernel/smp.c | 362 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 6 files changed, 406 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 kernel/smp.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
> index 3ea332b..ad89a33 100644
> --- a/arch/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/Kconfig
> @@ -39,3 +39,6 @@ config HAVE_KRETPROBES
>
> config HAVE_DMA_ATTRS
> def_bool n
> +
> +config USE_GENERIC_SMP_HELPERS
> + def_bool n
> diff --git a/arch/sparc64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/sparc64/kernel/smp.c
> index fa63c68..b82d017 100644
> --- a/arch/sparc64/kernel/smp.c
> +++ b/arch/sparc64/kernel/smp.c
> @@ -816,8 +816,9 @@ extern unsigned long xcall_call_function;
> * You must not call this function with disabled interrupts or from a
> * hardware interrupt handler or from a bottom half handler.
> */
> -static int smp_call_function_mask(void (*func)(void *info), void *info,
> - int nonatomic, int wait, cpumask_t mask)
> +static int sparc64_smp_call_function_mask(void (*func)(void *info), void *info,
> + int nonatomic, int wait,
> + cpumask_t mask)
> {
> struct call_data_struct data;
> int cpus;
> @@ -855,8 +856,8 @@ out_unlock:
> int smp_call_function(void (*func)(void *info), void *info,
> int nonatomic, int wait)
> {
> - return smp_call_function_mask(func, info, nonatomic, wait,
> - cpu_online_map);
> + return sparc64_smp_call_function_mask(func, info, nonatomic, wait,
> + cpu_online_map);
> }
>
> void smp_call_function_client(int irq, struct pt_regs *regs)
> @@ -893,7 +894,7 @@ static void tsb_sync(void *info)
>
> void smp_tsb_sync(struct mm_struct *mm)
> {
> - smp_call_function_mask(tsb_sync, mm, 0, 1, mm->cpu_vm_mask);
> + sparc64_smp_call_function_mask(tsb_sync, mm, 0, 1, mm->cpu_vm_mask);
> }
>
> extern unsigned long xcall_flush_tlb_mm;
> diff --git a/include/linux/smp.h b/include/linux/smp.h
> index 55232cc..2691bad 100644
> --- a/include/linux/smp.h
> +++ b/include/linux/smp.h
> @@ -7,9 +7,19 @@
> */
>
> #include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +#include <linux/cpumask.h>
>
> extern void cpu_idle(void);
>
> +struct call_single_data {
> + struct list_head list;
> + void (*func) (void *info);
> + void *info;
> + unsigned int flags;
> +};
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
>
> #include <linux/preempt.h>
> @@ -53,9 +63,27 @@ extern void smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus);
> * Call a function on all other processors
> */
> int smp_call_function(void(*func)(void *info), void *info, int retry, int wait);
> -
> +int smp_call_function_mask(cpumask_t mask, void(*func)(void *info), void *info,
> + int wait);
> int smp_call_function_single(int cpuid, void (*func) (void *info), void *info,
> int retry, int wait);
> +void __smp_call_function_single(int cpuid, struct call_single_data *data);
> +
> +/*
> + * Generic and arch helpers
> + */
> +#ifdef CONFIG_USE_GENERIC_SMP_HELPERS
> +void generic_smp_call_function_single_interrupt(void);
> +void generic_smp_call_function_interrupt(void);
> +void init_call_single_data(void);
> +void arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(int cpu);
> +void arch_send_call_function_ipi(cpumask_t mask);
> +extern spinlock_t call_function_lock;
> +#else
> +static inline void init_call_single_data(void)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif
>
> /*
> * Call a function on all processors
> @@ -112,7 +140,9 @@ static inline void smp_send_reschedule(int cpu) { }
> })
> #define smp_call_function_mask(mask, func, info, wait) \
> (up_smp_call_function(func, info))
> -
> +static inline void init_call_single_data(void)
> +{
> +}
> #endif /* !SMP */
>
> /*
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index f7fb200..1efcccf 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
> #include <linux/start_kernel.h>
> #include <linux/security.h>
> +#include <linux/smp.h>
> #include <linux/workqueue.h>
> #include <linux/profile.h>
> #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
> @@ -779,6 +780,7 @@ static void __init do_pre_smp_initcalls(void)
> {
> extern int spawn_ksoftirqd(void);
>
> + init_call_single_data();
> migration_init();
> spawn_ksoftirqd();
> if (!nosoftlockup)
> diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
> index 1c9938a..9fa5797 100644
> --- a/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_RT_MUTEXES) += rtmutex-debug.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_RT_MUTEX_TESTER) += rtmutex-tester.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ISA_DMA) += dma.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += cpu.o spinlock.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_USE_GENERIC_SMP_HELPERS) += smp.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) += spinlock.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) += spinlock.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_UID16) += uid16.o
> diff --git a/kernel/smp.c b/kernel/smp.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..ef6de3d
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kernel/smp.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,362 @@
> +/*
> + * Generic helpers for smp ipi calls
> + *
> + * (C) Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> 2008
> + *
> + */
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/percpu.h>
> +#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
> +#include <linux/smp.h>
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct call_single_queue, call_single_queue);
> +static LIST_HEAD(call_function_queue);
> +__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(call_function_lock);
> +
> +enum {
> + CSD_FLAG_WAIT = 0x01,
> + CSD_FLAG_ALLOC = 0x02,
> +};
> +
> +struct call_function_data {
> + struct call_single_data csd;
> + spinlock_t lock;
> + unsigned int refs;
> + cpumask_t cpumask;
> + struct rcu_head rcu_head;
> +};
> +
> +struct call_single_queue {
> + struct list_head list;
> + spinlock_t lock;
> +};
> +
> +void __cpuinit init_call_single_data(void)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
> + struct call_single_queue *q = &per_cpu(call_single_queue, i);
> +
> + spin_lock_init(&q->lock);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->list);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static void csd_flag_wait(struct call_single_data *data)
> +{
> + /* Wait for response */
> + do {
> + /*
> + * We need to see the flags store in the IPI handler
> + */
> + smp_mb();
> + if (!(data->flags & CSD_FLAG_WAIT))
> + break;
> + cpu_relax();
> + } while (1);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Insert a previously allocated call_single_data element for execution
> + * on the given CPU. data must already have ->func, ->info, and ->flags set.
> + */
> +static void generic_exec_single(int cpu, struct call_single_data *data)
> +{
> + struct call_single_queue *dst = &per_cpu(call_single_queue, cpu);
> + int wait = data->flags & CSD_FLAG_WAIT, ipi;
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&dst->lock, flags);
> + ipi = list_empty(&dst->list);
> + list_add_tail(&data->list, &dst->list);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dst->lock, flags);
> +
> + if (ipi)
> + arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(cpu);
> +
> + if (wait)
> + csd_flag_wait(data);
> +}
> +
> +static void rcu_free_call_data(struct rcu_head *head)
> +{
> + struct call_function_data *data;
> +
> + data = container_of(head, struct call_function_data, rcu_head);
> +
> + kfree(data);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Invoked by arch to handle an IPI for call function. Must be called with
> + * interrupts disabled.
> + */
> +void generic_smp_call_function_interrupt(void)
> +{
> + struct call_function_data *data;
> + int cpu = get_cpu();
> +
> + /*
> + * It's ok to use list_for_each_rcu() here even though we may delete
> + * 'pos', since list_del_rcu() doesn't clear ->next
> + */
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(data, &call_function_queue, csd.list) {
> + int refs;
> +
> + if (!cpu_isset(cpu, data->cpumask))
> + continue;
> +
> + data->csd.func(data->csd.info);
> +
> + spin_lock(&data->lock);
> + cpu_clear(cpu, data->cpumask);
> + WARN_ON(data->refs == 0);
> + data->refs--;
> + refs = data->refs;
> + spin_unlock(&data->lock);
> +
> + if (refs)
> + continue;
> +
> + spin_lock(&call_function_lock);
> + list_del_rcu(&data->csd.list);
> + spin_unlock(&call_function_lock);
> +
> + if (data->csd.flags & CSD_FLAG_WAIT) {
> + /*
> + * serialize stores to data with the flag clear
> + * and wakeup
> + */
> + smp_wmb();
> + data->csd.flags &= ~CSD_FLAG_WAIT;
> + } else
> + call_rcu(&data->rcu_head, rcu_free_call_data);
> + }
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> + put_cpu();
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Invoked by arch to handle an IPI for call function single. Must be called
> + * from the arch with interrupts disabled.
> + */
> +void generic_smp_call_function_single_interrupt(void)
> +{
> + struct call_single_queue *q = &__get_cpu_var(call_single_queue);
> + LIST_HEAD(list);
> +
> + /*
> + * Need to see other stores to list head for checking whether
> + * list is empty without holding q->lock
> + */
> + smp_mb();
> + while (!list_empty(&q->list)) {
> + unsigned int data_flags;
> +
> + spin_lock(&q->lock);
> + list_replace_init(&q->list, &list);
> + spin_unlock(&q->lock);
> +
> + while (!list_empty(&list)) {
> + struct call_single_data *data;
> +
> + data = list_entry(list.next, struct call_single_data,
> + list);
> + list_del(&data->list);
> +
> + /*
> + * 'data' can be invalid after this call if
> + * flags == 0 (when called through
> + * generic_exec_single(), so save them away before
> + * making the call.
> + */
> + data_flags = data->flags;
> +
> + data->func(data->info);
> +
> + if (data_flags & CSD_FLAG_WAIT) {
> + smp_wmb();
> + data->flags &= ~CSD_FLAG_WAIT;
> + } else if (data_flags & CSD_FLAG_ALLOC)
> + kfree(data);
> + }
> + /*
> + * See comment on outer loop
> + */
> + smp_mb();
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * smp_call_function_single - Run a function on a specific CPU
> + * @func: The function to run. This must be fast and non-blocking.
> + * @info: An arbitrary pointer to pass to the function.
> + * @retry: Unused
> + * @wait: If true, wait until function has completed on other CPUs.

Suggest adding comment to the effect that @wait will be implicitly set
upon memory-allocation failure.

> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, else a negative status code.
> + */
> +int smp_call_function_single(int cpu, void (*func) (void *info), void *info,
> + int retry, int wait)
> +{
> + struct call_single_data d;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + /* prevent preemption and reschedule on another processor */
> + int me = get_cpu();
> +
> + /* Can deadlock when called with interrupts disabled */
> + WARN_ON(irqs_disabled());
> +
> + if (cpu == me) {
> + local_irq_save(flags);
> + func(info);
> + local_irq_restore(flags);
> + } else {
> + struct call_single_data *data = NULL;
> +
> + if (!wait) {
> + data = kmalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_ATOMIC);
> + if (data)
> + data->flags = CSD_FLAG_ALLOC;
> + }
> + if (!data) {
> + data = &d;
> + data->flags = CSD_FLAG_WAIT;
> + }
> +
> + data->func = func;
> + data->info = info;
> + generic_exec_single(cpu, data);
> + }
> +
> + put_cpu();
> + return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_call_function_single);
> +
> +/**
> + * __smp_call_function_single(): Run a function on another CPU
> + * @cpu: The CPU to run on.
> + * @data: Pre-allocated and setup data structure
> + *
> + * Like smp_call_function_single(), but allow caller to pass in a pre-allocated
> + * data structure. Useful for embedding @data inside other structures, for
> + * instance.
> + *
> + */
> +void __smp_call_function_single(int cpu, struct call_single_data *data)
> +{
> + /* Can deadlock when called with interrupts disabled */
> + WARN_ON((data->flags & CSD_FLAG_WAIT) && irqs_disabled());
> +
> + generic_exec_single(cpu, data);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * smp_call_function_mask(): Run a function on a set of other CPUs.
> + * @mask: The set of cpus to run on.
> + * @func: The function to run. This must be fast and non-blocking.
> + * @info: An arbitrary pointer to pass to the function.
> + * @wait: If true, wait (atomically) until function has completed on other CPUs.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, else a negative status code.
> + *
> + * If @wait is true, then returns once @func has returned.
> + *
> + * You must not call this function with disabled interrupts or from a
> + * hardware interrupt handler or from a bottom half handler.

Suggest adding comment to the effect that @wait will be implicitly set
upon memory-allocation failure.

Also, isn't it necessary to call this function with preemption disabled?
If so, this should be commented as well.

> + */
> +int smp_call_function_mask(cpumask_t mask, void (*func)(void *), void *info,
> + int wait)
> +{
> + struct call_function_data d;
> + struct call_function_data *data = NULL;
> + cpumask_t allbutself;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int cpu, num_cpus;
> +
> + /* Can deadlock when called with interrupts disabled */
> + WARN_ON(irqs_disabled());
> +
> + cpu = smp_processor_id();
> + allbutself = cpu_online_map;
> + cpu_clear(cpu, allbutself);
> + cpus_and(mask, mask, allbutself);
> + num_cpus = cpus_weight(mask);
> +
> + /*
> + * If zero CPUs, return. If just a single CPU, turn this request
> + * into a targetted single call instead since it's faster.
> + */
> + if (!num_cpus)
> + return 0;
> + else if (num_cpus == 1) {
> + cpu = first_cpu(mask);
> + return smp_call_function_single(cpu, func, info, 0, wait);
> + }
> +
> + if (!wait) {
> + data = kmalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_ATOMIC);
> + if (data)
> + data->csd.flags = CSD_FLAG_ALLOC;
> + }
> + if (!data) {
> + data = &d;
> + data->csd.flags = CSD_FLAG_WAIT;
> + }
> +
> + spin_lock_init(&data->lock);
> + data->csd.func = func;
> + data->csd.info = info;
> + data->refs = num_cpus;
> +
> + /*
> + * need to see above stores before the cpumask is valid for the CPU
> + */
> + smp_wmb();

Given that all call_function_data structs either get run through
call_rcu() or are waited for, I believe we no longer need the above
smp_wmb(). The only reason we needed it before was that there was the
possibility of a call_function_data struct being reused while a reader
was still referencing it. If I understand the code, this can no longer
happen, so this memory barrier is not needed and should be removed.

> + data->cpumask = mask;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&call_function_lock, flags);
> + list_add_tail_rcu(&data->csd.list, &call_function_queue);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&call_function_lock, flags);
> +
> + /* Send a message to all CPUs in the map */
> + arch_send_call_function_ipi(mask);
> +
> + /* optionally wait for the CPUs to complete */
> + if (wait)
> + csd_flag_wait(&data->csd);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_call_function_mask);
> +
> +/**
> + * smp_call_function(): Run a function on all other CPUs.
> + * @func: The function to run. This must be fast and non-blocking.
> + * @info: An arbitrary pointer to pass to the function.
> + * @natomic: Unused
> + * @wait: If true, wait (atomically) until function has completed on other CPUs.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 on success, else a negative status code.
> + *
> + * If @wait is true, then returns once @func has returned; otherwise
> + * it returns just before the target cpu calls @func.

Suggest adding comment to the effect that @wait will be implicitly set
upon memory-allocation failure.

> + *
> + * You must not call this function with disabled interrupts or from a
> + * hardware interrupt handler or from a bottom half handler.
> + */
> +int smp_call_function(void (*func)(void *), void *info, int natomic, int wait)
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + preempt_disable();
> + ret = smp_call_function_mask(cpu_online_map, func, info, wait);
> + preempt_enable();
> + return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(smp_call_function);
> --
> 1.5.6.rc0.40.gd683
>


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