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SubjectRe: 2.6.26-rc4: RIP __call_for_each_cic+0x20/0x50
On Wed, May 28 2008, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Wed, May 28, 2008 at 06:20:12AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Wed, May 28, 2008 at 02:44:24PM +0200, Jens Axboe wrote:
> > > On Wed, May 28 2008, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > > On Wed, May 28, 2008 at 12:07:21PM +0200, Jens Axboe wrote:
> > > > > On Tue, May 27 2008, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > > > > On Tue, May 27, 2008 at 03:35:10PM +0200, Jens Axboe wrote:
> > > > > > > On Tue, May 27 2008, Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
> > > > > > > > On Sat, May 10, 2008 at 02:37:19PM +0400, Alexey Dobriyan wrote:
> > > > > > > > > > > > > @@ -41,8 +41,8 @@ int put_io_context(struct io_context *ioc)
> > > > > > > > > > > > > rcu_read_lock();
> > > > > > > > > > > > > if (ioc->aic && ioc->aic->dtor)
> > > > > > > > > > > > > ioc->aic->dtor(ioc->aic);
> > > > > > > > > > > > > - rcu_read_unlock();
> > > > > > > > > > > > > cfq_dtor(ioc);
> > > > > > > > > > > > > + rcu_read_unlock();
> > > > > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > > > > kmem_cache_free(iocontext_cachep, ioc);
> > > > > > > > > > > > > return 1;
> > > > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > > > This helps in sense that 3 times bulk cross-compiles finish to the end.
> > > > > > > > > > > > You'll hear me if another such oops will resurface.
> > > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > > Still looking good?
> > > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > > Yup!
> > > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > And this with patch in mainline, again with PREEMPT_RCU.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Ping, this happened again with 2.6.26-rc4 and PREEMPT_RCU.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Worrisome... Paul, would you mind taking a quick look at cfq
> > > > > > > and see if you can detect why breaks with preempt rcu? It's
> > > > > > > clearly a use-after-free symptom, but I don't see how it can
> > > > > > > happen.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Some quick and probably off-the-mark questions...
> > > > >
> > > > > Thanks!
> > > >
> > > > Glad it actually was of help! ;-)
> > >
> > > Your reviews are ALWAYS greatly appreciated!
> >
> > :-)
> >
> > > > > > o What is the purpose of __call_for_each_cic()? When called
> > > > > > from call_for_each_cic(), it is under rcu_read_lock(), as
> > > > > > required, but it is also called from cfq_free_io_context(),
> > > > > > which is assigned to the ->dtor and ->exit members of the
> > > > > > cfq_io_context struct. What protects calls through these
> > > > > > members?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > (This is for the ->cic_list field of the cfq_io_context structure.
> > > > > > One possibility is that the io_context's ->lock member is held,
> > > > > > but I don't see this. Not that I looked all that hard...)
> > > > > >
> > > > > > My suggestion would be to simply change all invocations of
> > > > > > __call_for_each_cic() to instead invoke call_for_each_cic().
> > > > > > The rcu_read_lock()/rcu_read_unlock() pair is pretty
> > > > > > lightweight, even in CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU.
> > > > >
> > > > > __call_for_each_cic() is always called under rcu_read_lock(), it merely
> > > > > exists to avoid a double rcu_read_lock(). Even if it is cheap. The
> > > > > convention follows the usual __lock_is_already_held() double under
> > > > > score, but I guess it could do with a comment! There are only two
> > > > > callers of the function, call_for_each_cic() which does the
> > > > > rcu_read_lock(), and cfq_free_io_context() which is called from ->dtor
> > > > > (and holds the rcu_read_lock() and ->trim which actually does not. That
> > > > > looks like it could be problematic, but it's only called when an io
> > > > > scheduler module is removed so not really critical. I'll add it, though!
> > > > > Actually, the task_lock() should be enough there. So no bug, but (again)
> > > > > it could do with a comment.
> > > >
> > > > Sounds good!
> > > >
> > > > > > o When calling cfq_slab_kill(), for example from cfq_exit(),
> > > > > > what ensures that all previous RCU callbacks have completed?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > I suspect that you need an rcu_barrier() at the beginning
> > > > > > of cfq_slab_kill(), but I could be missing something.
> > > > >
> > > > > So we have two callers of that, one is from the error path at init time
> > > > > and is obviously ok. The other does need rcu_barrier()! I'll add that.
> > > >
> > > > OK, that does make my brain hurt less. ;-)
> > >
> > > So that one was also OK, as Fabio pointed out. If you follow the
> > > ioc_gone and user tracking, the:
> > >
> > > if (elv_ioc_count_read(ioc_count))
> > > wait_for_completion(ioc_gone);
> > >
> > > also has the side effect of waiting for RCU callbacks calling
> > > kmem_cache_free() to have finished as well.
> >
> > I stand corrected.
>
> But one additional question...
>
> static void cfq_cic_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
> {
> struct cfq_io_context *cic;
>
> cic = container_of(head, struct cfq_io_context, rcu_head);
>
> kmem_cache_free(cfq_ioc_pool, cic);
> elv_ioc_count_dec(ioc_count);
>
> if (ioc_gone && !elv_ioc_count_read(ioc_count))
> complete(ioc_gone);
> }
>
> Suppose that a pair of tasks both execute the elv_ioc_count_dec()
> at the same time, so that all counters are now zero. Both then
> find that there is still an ioc_gone, and that the count is
> now zero. One of the tasks invokes complete(ioc_gone). This
> awakens the corresponding cfq_exit(), which now returns, getting
> rid of its stack frame -- and corrupting the all_gone auto variable
> that ioc_gone references.
>
> Now the second task gets a big surprise when it tries to invoke
> complete(ioc_gone).
>
> Or is there something else that I am missing here?

No, I think that's a problem spot as well. To my knowledge, nobody has
ever hit that. The anticipatory scheduler has the same code.

What we want to avoid here is making cfq_cic_free_rcu() a lot more
expensive, which is why the elv_ioc_count_read() is behind that
ioc_gone check. I'll need to think a bit on how to handle that
better :-)

--
Jens Axboe



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