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SubjectRe: [PATCH,RFC] Add call_rcu_sched()
On Tue, Apr 08, 2008 at 12:34:49AM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Sun, 6 Apr 2008 14:37:19 -0700 "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> wrote:
>
> > Hello!
> >
> > Third cut of patch to provide the call_rcu_sched(). This is again to
> > synchronize_sched() as call_rcu() is to synchronize_rcu().
> >
> > Should be fine for experimental use, but not ready for inclusion.
>
> Let me know when to come out of hiding ;)
>
> > Passes multi-hour rcutorture sessions with concurrent CPU hotplugging.
> >
> > Fixes since the first version include a bug that could result in
> > indefinite blocking (spotted by Gautham Shenoy), better resiliency
> > against CPU-hotplug operations, and other minor fixes.
> >
> > Fixes since the second version include reworking grace-period detection
> > to avoid deadlocks that could happen when running concurrently with
> > CPU hotplug, adding Mathieu's fix to avoid the softlockup messages,
> > as well as Mathieu's fix to allow use earlier in boot.
> >
> > Known/suspected shortcomings:
> >
> > o Only moderately tested on x86-64 and POWER -- a few hours of
> > rcutorture with concurrent CPU hotplugging. In particular, I
> > still do not trust the sleep/wakeup logic between call_rcu_sched()
> > and rcu_sched_grace_period().
> >
> > o Need to add call_rcu_sched() testing to rcutorture.
> >
> > o Still needs rcu_barrier_sched() -- intending to incorporate
> > the version Mathieu provided.
> >
> > This patch also fixes a long-standing bug in the earlier preemptable-RCU
> > implementation of synchronize_rcu() that could result in loss of
> > concurrent external changes to a task's CPU affinity mask. I still cannot
> > remember who reported this...
> >
> > ...
> >
> > +#define call_rcu_sched(head, func) call_rcu(head, func)
> > +
> > extern void __rcu_init(void);
> > +#define rcu_init_sched() do { } while (0)
>
> There are lots of creepy macros-which-probably-dont-need-to-be-macros in
> here.
>
> > +
> > +static inline int
> > +rcu_qsctr_inc_needed_dyntick(int cpu)
>
> Unneeded newline.
>
> > +{
> > + long curr;
> > + long snap;
> > + struct rcu_dyntick_sched *rdssp = &per_cpu(rcu_dyntick_sched, cpu);
> > +
> > + curr = rdssp->dynticks;
> > + snap = rdssp->sched_dynticks_snap;
> > + smp_mb(); /* force ordering with cpu entering/leaving dynticks. */
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If the CPU remained in dynticks mode for the entire time
> > + * and didn't take any interrupts, NMIs, SMIs, or whatever,
> > + * then it cannot be in the middle of an rcu_read_lock(), so
> > + * the next rcu_read_lock() it executes must use the new value
> > + * of the counter. Therefore, this CPU has been in a quiescent
> > + * state the entire time, and we don't need to wait for it.
> > + */
> > +
> > + if ((curr == snap) && ((curr & 0x1) == 0))
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If the CPU passed through or entered a dynticks idle phase with
> > + * no active irq handlers, then, as above, this CPU has already
> > + * passed through a quiescent state.
> > + */
> > +
> > + if ((curr - snap) > 2 || (snap & 0x1) == 0)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + /* We need this CPU to go through a quiescent state. */
> > +
> > + return 1;
> > +}
>
> That's a pretty big inline. It only has a single callsite so the compiler
> should inline it for us. And if it grows a second callsite, the inlining
> is probably wrong.
>
> > +static inline int
> > +rcu_qsctr_inc_needed(int cpu)
>
> Unneeded newline.
>
> > /*
> > * Get here when RCU is idle. Decide whether we need to
> > * move out of idle state, and return non-zero if so.
> > @@ -821,6 +924,13 @@ void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int us
> > unsigned long flags;
> > struct rcu_data *rdp = RCU_DATA_CPU(cpu);
> >
> > + if (user ||
> > + (idle_cpu(cpu) && !in_softirq() &&
> > + hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT))) {
>
> I think this test could do with a bigfatcomment explaining what it is doing.
>
> > + smp_mb(); /* Guard against aggressive schedule(). */
> > + rcu_qsctr_inc(cpu);
> > + }
> > +
> > rcu_check_mb(cpu);
> > if (rcu_ctrlblk.completed == rdp->completed)
> > rcu_try_flip();
> >
> > ...
> >
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * The rcu_sched grace-period processing might have bypassed
> > + * this CPU, given that it was not in the rcu_cpu_online_map
> > + * when the grace-period scan started. This means that the
> > + * grace-period task might sleep. So make sure that if this
> > + * should happen, the first callback posted to this CPU will
> > + * wake up the grace-period task if need be.
> > + */
> > +
> > + local_irq_save(flags);
> > + rdp = RCU_DATA_ME();
> > + spin_lock(&rdp->lock);
>
> I assume that splitting the irq-disable from the spin_lock is a little
> latency optimisation?

RCU_DATA_ME() eventually calls smp_processor_id(), which yells if we
call it from a irq-enabled or a preempt-enabled context. Hence the
splitting.

>
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = 1;
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > }
> >
> > #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
> > @@ -993,26 +1129,194 @@ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, voi
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
> >
> > +void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
> > +{
> > + unsigned long flags;
> > + struct rcu_data *rdp;
> > + int wake_gp = 0;
> > +
> > + head->func = func;
> > + head->next = NULL;
> > + local_irq_save(flags);
> > + rdp = RCU_DATA_ME();
> > + spin_lock(&rdp->lock);
> > + *rdp->nextschedtail = head;
> > + rdp->nextschedtail = &head->next;
> > + if (rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping) {
> > +
> > + /* Grace-period processing might be sleeping... */
> > +
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = 0;
> > + wake_gp = 1;
> > + }
> > + spin_unlock(&rdp->lock);
> > + local_irq_restore(flags);
>
> spin_unlock_irqrestore() here would be consistent with the above.
>
> > + if (wake_gp) {
> > +
> > + /* Wake up grace-period processing, unless someone beat us. */
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
>
> If wake_gp!=0 is common then we could microoptimise straight-line
> performance here by retaining the irq-offness from above.
>
> > + if (rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep != rcu_sched_sleeping)
> > + wake_gp = 0;
> > + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep = rcu_sched_not_sleeping;
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + if (wake_gp)
> > + wake_up_interruptible(&rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_sched);
> >
> > ...
> >
> > +static int
> > +rcu_sched_grace_period(void *arg)
>
> Unneeded newline.
>
> > {
> > - cpumask_t oldmask;
> > + int couldsleep; /* might sleep after current pass. */
> > + int couldsleepnext = 0; /* might sleep after next pass. */
> > int cpu;
> > + unsigned long flags;
> > + struct rcu_data *rdp;
> > + int ret;
> >
> > - if (sched_getaffinity(0, &oldmask) < 0)
> > - oldmask = cpu_possible_map;
> > - for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> > - sched_setaffinity(0, cpumask_of_cpu(cpu));
> > - schedule();
> > - }
> > - sched_setaffinity(0, oldmask);
> > + /*
> > + * Each pass through the following loop handles one
> > + * rcu_sched grace period cycle.
> > + */
> > +
> > + do {
> > +
> > + /* Save each CPU's current state. */
> > +
> > + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
>
> Numerous unneeded newline ;)
>
> > + dyntick_save_progress_counter_sched(cpu);
> > + save_qsctr_sched(cpu);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Sleep for about an RCU grace-period's worth to
> > + * allow better batching and to consume less CPU.
> > + */
> > +
> > + schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ / 20);
>
> eek, a magic number.
>
> > + /*
> > + * If there was nothing to do last time, prepare to
> > + * sleep at the end of the current grace period cycle.
> > + */
> > +
> > + couldsleep = couldsleepnext;
> > + couldsleepnext = 1;
> > + if (couldsleep) {
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep = rcu_sched_sleep_prep;
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + }
>
> If the above locking actually correct and needed? The write to
> rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep is a single word...
>
> > + /*
> > + * Wait on each CPU in turn to have either visited
> > + * a quiescent state or been in dynticks-idle mode.
> > + */
> > +
> > + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> > + while (rcu_qsctr_inc_needed(cpu) &&
> > + rcu_qsctr_inc_needed_dyntick(cpu)) {
> > + /* resched_cpu(cpu); */
> > + schedule_timeout_interruptible(1);
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Advance callbacks for each CPU.
> > + */
> > +
> > + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
>
> It's more conventional to omit the blank line after the above form of
> comment block.
>
> > + rdp = RCU_DATA_CPU(cpu);
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * We are running on this CPU irq-disabled, so no
> > + * CPU can go offline until we re-enable irqs.
>
> but, but, but. The cpu at `cpu' could have gone offline just before we
> disabled local interrupts.

In that case the CPU_DEAD callback should have migrated the rcu-lists to
a cpu which is online.

>
> > + * Advance the callbacks! We share normal RCU's
> > + * donelist, since callbacks are invoked the
> > + * same way in either case.
> > + */
> > +
> > + if (rdp->waitschedlist != NULL) {
> > + *rdp->donetail = rdp->waitschedlist;
> > + rdp->donetail = rdp->waitschedtail;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Next rcu_check_callbacks() will
> > + * do the required raise_softirq().
> > + */
> > + }
> > + if (rdp->nextschedlist != NULL) {
> > + rdp->waitschedlist = rdp->nextschedlist;
> > + rdp->waitschedtail = rdp->nextschedtail;
> > + couldsleep = 0;
> > + couldsleepnext = 0;
> > + } else {
> > + rdp->waitschedlist = NULL;
> > + rdp->waitschedtail = &rdp->waitschedlist;
> > + }
> > + rdp->nextschedlist = NULL;
> > + rdp->nextschedtail = &rdp->nextschedlist;
> > +
> > + /* Mark sleep intention. */
> > +
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = couldsleep;
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rdp->lock, flags);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* If we saw callbacks on the last scan, go deal with them. */
> > +
> > + if (!couldsleep)
> > + continue;
> > +
> > + /* Attempt to block... */
> > +
> > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + if (rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep != rcu_sched_sleep_prep) {
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Someone posted a callback after we scanned.
> > + * Go take care of it.
> > + */
> > +
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + couldsleepnext = 0;
> > + continue;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Block until the next person posts a callback. */
> > +
> > + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep = rcu_sched_sleeping;
> > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_ctrlblk.schedlock, flags);
> > + ret = 0;
> > + __wait_event_interruptible(rcu_ctrlblk.sched_wq,
> > + rcu_ctrlblk.sched_sleep != rcu_sched_sleeping,
> > + ret);
> > + if (ret)
> > + flush_signals(current);
>
> That flush_signals() was a surprise. A desurprising comment would be nice.
>
> > + couldsleepnext = 0;
> > +
> > + } while (!kthread_should_stop());
> > +
> > + return (0);
> > }
> > -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__synchronize_sched);
> >
> > /*
> > * Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
> > @@ -1029,7 +1333,9 @@ int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
> >
> > return (rdp->donelist != NULL ||
> > !!rdp->waitlistcount ||
> > - rdp->nextlist != NULL);
> > + rdp->nextlist != NULL ||
> > + rdp->nextschedlist != NULL ||
> > + rdp->waitschedlist != NULL);
> > }
> >
> > int rcu_pending(int cpu)
> > @@ -1040,7 +1346,9 @@ int rcu_pending(int cpu)
> >
> > if (rdp->donelist != NULL ||
> > !!rdp->waitlistcount ||
> > - rdp->nextlist != NULL)
> > + rdp->nextlist != NULL ||
> > + rdp->nextschedlist != NULL ||
> > + rdp->waitschedlist != NULL)
> > return 1;
> >
> > /* The RCU core needs an acknowledgement from this CPU. */
> > @@ -1107,6 +1415,11 @@ void __init __rcu_init(void)
> > rdp->donetail = &rdp->donelist;
> > rdp->rcu_flipctr[0] = 0;
> > rdp->rcu_flipctr[1] = 0;
> > + rdp->nextschedlist = NULL;
> > + rdp->nextschedtail = &rdp->nextschedlist;
> > + rdp->waitschedlist = NULL;
> > + rdp->waitschedtail = &rdp->waitschedlist;
> > + rdp->rcu_sched_sleeping = 0;
> > }
> > register_cpu_notifier(&rcu_nb);
> >
> > @@ -1129,6 +1442,18 @@ void __init __rcu_init(void)
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > + * Late-boot-time RCU initialization that must wait until after scheduler
> > + * has been initialized.
> > + */
> > +void __init rcu_init_sched(void)
> > +{
> > + rcu_sched_grace_period_task = kthread_run(rcu_sched_grace_period,
> > + NULL,
> > + "rcu_sched_grace_period");
> > + WARN_ON(IS_ERR(rcu_sched_grace_period_task));
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > * Deprecated, use synchronize_rcu() or synchronize_sched() instead.
> > */
> > void synchronize_kernel(void)
>
> I suspect I don't understand any of the RCU code any more.


>

--
Thanks and Regards
gautham


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